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British Museum (Natural History) 



Ruwenzori Expedition 

1952 

Volume I, Number 7 
Noctuidae 

D. S. FLETCHER 



London * 
Printed by order of die Trustees ot the British Museum 

Issued February, 1961 Price Two Pounds net 



7 

Noctuidae 

By D. S. Fletcher 
British Museum (Natural History) 

The Noctuidae collected during the British Museum expedition to East Africa in 1934-5 and 
during the expedition to Ruwenzori in 1952 together consist of 11 39 specimens representing 252 
species, of which 104 proved to be new to science. Two species, Saltia edwardsi Tarns and Sesamia 
oriaula Tarns & Bowden, have already been described elsewhere; 76 species and two subspecies 
are described in the following pages and 26 species have been referred to genera only, to await 
further material. Of the 252 species collected, 161 are from Ruwenzori and 91 from various 
ocahties in Kenya and Uganda visited by the two expeditions. Certain additional material 
torn the unnamed accessions in the British Museum and specimens collected by A. Holm 
during the Swedish expedition to the mountains of East Africa in 1948 and kindly loaned 
by Dr. Rene Malaise of the Riksmuseum in Stockholm have also been included in this 
paper. 

The majority of the species of Noctuidae collected from the lower elevations of Ruwenzori, 
from the savannah and the partially cultivated elephant grass belts and from the lower levels of 
the montane rain forest belt, between 6000 and 8000 ft., have a wide distribution in Africa and 
no doubt the species from these belts, described as new in this paper, will eventually be shown 
to have a similar distribution. 

Above 8000 ft., from the upper levels of the montane rain forest belt to the limits of vegetation 
n the alpine belt, most species of Noctuidae have a more restricted distribution. Of the twelve 
Dreviously described species recorded from the upper levels of the montane rain forest belt and 
ibove, only four are known to have a wide distribution in Africa. Of the thirteen species now 
uiown from the ericaceous and alpine belts, only Elaeodes bamsi A. E. Prout, described from 
<ivu material, is known in the typical form from a locality other than Ruwenzori. 

The species known to occur at 8000 ft. and over on Ruwenzori are listed below, arranged in 
he vegetation zones with which they are associated. The known distribution of previously 
lescribed species is given in brackets. 

In the absence of a more modern and complete classification of the Noctuidae, that used by 
lampson in Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M. has been followed, with minor modifications. 

Below each previously described species is given its known distribution at the time this paper 
vas prepared. All specimens, unless otherwise indicated, are in the British Museum. 

The colour names used in the descriptions of new species are taken from Ridgway's Color 
tandards and Color Nomenclature. 




1 



177 



178 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 



Species of Noctuidae known to occur above 8000 ft. on Ruwenzori. 
Montane Rain Forest Belt (above 8000 ft.) 

Sciomesa venata sp.n. 
Sciomesa cydophora sp.n. 



NOCTUIN AE 

Axylia belopliora sp.n. 
Axylia iiitimima sp.n. 
Axylia rhodopea Hampson (Ruwenzori) 
Euxootera cydophora sp.n. 

HADENINAE 

Elaeodes bamsi A. E. Prout (Kivu) 
Elaeodes bryodes sp.n. 

Elaeodes rufifusa Hampson (P)subsp.(Mt.Mlanje) 
Apospasta syndera sp.n. 
Apospasta rhodina sp.n. 

Mythimna phaeopasta Hampson (Ruwenzori & 
Kivu) 

CUCULLIINAE 

Homonaaia alpnista sp.n. 

ACRONICTINAE 

Eutamsia subsagula sp.n. 

Appana cinisigna Joannis (C. & S. Africa; 

Mauritius) 
Appana furca sp.n. 
Tradieplexia sdiista sp.n. 
Callopistria dasda sp.n. 
Elyptron leucosticta Hampson (Kenya) 
Hygrostola homomunda sp.n. 



EUSTROTIINAE 

Corgatha odontota sp.n. 

NYCTEOLINAE 

Pardasena atmocyma sp.n. 

CATOCALINAE 

Hypersypnoides congoensis Berio (S.W. Africa) 

PLUSIINAE 

Syngraplia circumflexa Linn. (S.E. Europe; 
Africa; India) 

OPHIDERINAE 

Giria pectinicomis B.-Baker (W., C. &E. Africa) 
Riinila catadela sp.n. 

Rhesala goleta Felder (W., C. & E. Africa) 

HYPENINAE 

Hypena aridoxa sp.n. 
Hypena enprepes sp.n. 
Hypena scotina sp.n. 
Hypena chionosticha sp.n. 
Hypena prionodes sp.n. 
Hypenodes haploa sp.n. 
Luceria emarginata sp.n. 



Ericaceous Belt 



NOCTUIN AE 

Axylia ed ward si sp.n. 
Axylia sciodes sp.n. 

Axylia rhodopea Hampson (Ruwenzori) 
Euxootera callima sp.n. 

HADENINAE 

Elaeodes bamsi A. E. Prout (Kivu) 
Apospasta kennedyi sp.n. 

Tycomarptcs tortircna A. E. Prout (Ruwenzori) 



ACRONICTINAE 

Euplexia pericalles sp.n. 
Appana furca sp.n. 
Tracheplexia schista sp.n. 
OPHIDERINAE 

Rivula sp. 

HYPENINAE 

Hypena albirhomboidca A. E. Prout (Ruwenzori) 
Hypena scotina sp.n. 



NOCTUIN AE 

Axylia rhodopea Hampson (Ruwenzori) 

HADENINAE 
Apospasta kennedyi sp.n. 
Tycomarptes tortirena A. E. Prout (Ruwenzori) 



Alpine Belt 

ACRONICTINAE 

Euplexia pericalles sp.n. 

HYPENINAE 

Hypena scotina sp.n. 



Noctuidae 



179 



NOCTUINAE 

Heliothis armigera (Hiibner) 

Noctua armigera Hiibner, 1803-8, Samml. europ. Schmett., Tab. Noctua, pi. 79:370. 

Heliothis ptdverosa Walker, 1857, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 11:688. 

Heliothis conferta Walker, 1857, torn, cit., p. 690. 

Heliothis uniformis Wallengren, i860, Wien. ent. Monatschr., 4: 171. 

Anchoscelis insularis Walker, 1875, in Mellis, St. Helena, 182. 

Heliothis armigera ab.fusca Cockerell, 1889, Entomologist, 22:4. 

Chloridea obsoleta Fab. ab. rufa Warren, 1911, in Seitz, Gross-schmett. Erde, 3:246, pi, 50:L. 
ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. [Edwards), 1 $. 

Distribution: Atlantic Is.; Palaearctic region, except extreme north; Oriental and Indo- 
Australian regions; New Zealand; Pacific Is. 

Micragrotis semicirculosa elaphrodes subsp.n. 

Differs from M. s. semicirculosa Gaede (1935) in the paler fore wing; ground colour light buff; 
the drab and fuscous irroration, postad of the cell and proximad of the postmedial fascia in the 
nominate subspecies, is wanting. 

kenya : Kitale, 1 ibid., 9.iv.i926, holotype ^; Hoeysbridge (5 miles radius), iv-v.1930 
(E. Barns), 2 Mt. Elgon, iv.1932 (T. H. E. Jackson), 1 

A pair of the nominate subspecies was collected on Ruwenzori at Bugoye, 1300 m., 14.iv.1948 
by A. Holm ; these two specimens are in the Naturhistoriska Riksmuseum in Stockholm. 

Micragrotis intendens (Walker) (comb.n.; nom.res.) 

Axylia intendens Walker, 1857, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 11:717. 
ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft. {Fletcher), 1 
Distribution: Kenya to Cape Province. 

Generically distinct from Apamca indigna H.Sch. (1854) and Agrotis dividens Walker (1856), 
with which it has long been synonymized; indigna is probably synonymous with Mentaxya 
rimosa (Guenee, 1852) or Mentaxya flctcheri (Berio, 1955); dividens is a distinct species in the genus 
Amazonides. 

Amazonides gen.n. 

Neuration as in Axylia. Fore tibia with five spines along inner edge and two along outer edge ; 
in addition two very stout spines are situate at inner edge and one at outer edge, just before joint 
with tarsus. Frons smoothly rounded. 

Male genitalia. Uncus simple. Valve more or less incised at two-thirds ventral margin; basal 
two-thirds broadly sclerotized ; apical third variable in shape, rectangular, rhomboid or battledore ; 
apical third of ventral margin also variable in shape, being rounded or straight with one or 
two projections, but invariably with a ridge-like process, almost sack-like in some species, 
situate just proximad of incision; just basad of the incision, a digitate process arises medially 
from a semicircular, sclerotized base ; vesica with numerous spiculate ridges and a small cluster of 
spines at apex. 



180 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

Female genitalia characterized by the strongly sclerotized genital plate, often rounded, and by 
the strongly sclerotized, shield-like eighth sternum with hair-scale pockets anteriorly. Ductus 
bursae and bursa copulatrix membranous and without signa. 

Type species: Axylia putrefacta Guenee (1852). (Figures 132-134). 

The gender of the generic name is feminine. 

The following species are also included in the genus: 

Amazonides ascia sp.n. 
Lycophotia atrisigna Hampson (191 1) 
Agrotis dividens Walker (1856) 
Agrotis ecstrigata Hampson (1903) 
Agrotis elaeopis Hampson (1907) 
Euxoa epipyria Hampson (1903) 
Agrotis fumicolor Hampson (1902) 
Lycophotia fuscirufa Hampson (1903) 
Agrotis griseofusca Hampson (191 3) 
Agrotis rufescetis Hampson (191 3) 
Euxoa rufceps Hampson (1903) 
Euxoa rufomixta Hampson (1903) 
Axylia tabida Guenee (1852) 
Axylia ustula Hampson (191 3) 

Agrotis dividens Walker differs in having a cylindrical projection from the frons; the genitalia 
of both sexes, however, though showing some modifications, are essentially of the Amazonides 
type. ' 1 

Amazonides ascia sp.n. (Figures 8, 138) 

33 mm. Vestiture light buff; palpus, patagia and tegulae irrorate with deep brownish drab. 
Fore wing light buff ; proximal four-fifths of anterior half densely suffused with deep brownish 
drab ; medial fold lightly irrorate with cinnamon ; weakly marked reniform and orbicular spots 
ringed with black; postmedial fascia, consisting of several slender lines, black and marked on 
veins only; termen broadly drab between veins R5 and Cw 2 ; terminal interneural spots black. 
Hind wing cartridge buff, immaculate. 

Genitalia. Uncus simple and tapered. Valve shaped as illustrated, with two short processes J 
arising medially, one rounded, one tapered. Vesica densely and minutely scobinate, with an apical 
patch of short spines. 

Closely related to A. fuscirufa (Hampson 1903). Differs superficially in its larger size and the 
paler posterior half and terminal fifth of the fore wing. Differs structurally in the genitalia; in 
fuscirufa the apex of the valve is almost straight and the ventral corner sharp and beak-like; the 
ventral margin is narrowly rounded and produced below the incision; the process which extends 
to one-half dorsal margin is slender and digitate. 

kenya : Aberdare Range, Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft., x.1934 (Edwards), holotype 

Scotia longidentifera (Hampson) 
Euxoa longidentifera Hampson, 1903, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 4:166, Plate 60:10. 
UGANDA : Fort Portal, 5000 ft. (Edwards), 1 



Noctuidae 181 

Distribution: Kenya; Rhodesia; Transvaal; Natal; Basutoland; Cape Province; Comoro L; 
Madagascar. 

The specimens from S. Africa differ slightly from the type in the structure of the male genitalia, 
as do also those from Comoro I. and Madagascar, and may represent subspecies. 

Scotia segetum (Schiffermuller) 

Noctua segetum Schiffermuller, 1775, Syst. Verz. Schmett. Wien, 81, Plate ia:3. 
Agrotis segetum Schiffermuller, Kozhantshikov, 1937, Faune de U.R.S.S., Ins., Lep., 13, No. 3 1513 
(synonymy) . 

Agrotis correcta Walker, 1856, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 10:345. 

Agrotis fuscosa Butler, 1881, Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., 1881:179. 

Agrotis segetum ab. paradoxa Cockayne, 1952, Ent. Rec, 64: 189, Plate 8:1. 

Agrotis segetum ab. bilineata Cockayne, 1952, loc. cit. 

Agrotis segetum ab. mcdiocuneata Cockayne, 1952, loc. cit., Plate 8:3. 

Agrotis segetum ab. semiconfiuens Cockayne, 1952, loc. cit. 

Agrotis segetum ab. seminigra Cockayne, 1952, loc. cit., Plate 8:2. 

Agrotis segetum ab. marginata Cockayne, 1952, torn, cit., p. 190, Plate 8:4. 

Uganda: Kigezi Dist., Mt. Muhavura, 10,000-12,000 ft. (Edwards), 1 $; Mt. Mgahinga, 8000 ft 
{Edwards), 1 

Distribution: Islands of N. & S. Atlantic; N., E. & S. Africa; Sokotra; Palaearctic & Oriental 
regions. 

Axylia edwardsi sp.n. (Figures 5, 136, 139) 

c?9 33—36 mm. Palpus, frons and patagia light buft irrorate with black; patagia with a broad band 
of dark olive buff in some examples. Thorax light buff irrorate with fuscous, black and a little 
deep vinaceous purple; metathorax with a tuft of buff hair-scales extending posteriorly over first 
abdominal segment. Abdomen light buff densely irrorate with bister. Fore wing densely and 
evenly irrorate with dark olive buff and black and strikingly patterned, as illustrated, with light 
buff; reniform and orbicular spots black, the former irrorate with white medially; the light buft 
streak in the proximal half of the submedial fold is variable, being better developed in some 
examples than in others ; termen black, interrupted at the veins, which are white distad of the 
postmedial fascia. Flind wing cartridge buff, termen and apex weakly suffused with drab; cell 
spot drab; postmedial fascia weakly marked on veins, drab. 
Genitalia of both sexes as illustrated. 

Readily distinguished from other African species of Axylia by the strikingly patterned fore 
wings and by the genitalia of both sexes. 

ruwenzori: Namwamba Valley, 10,200 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edwards), 8 15 $, including 
holotype and allotype. 

Axylia sciodes sp.n. (Figures 4, 137, 140) 

Closely related to the preceding species, differing externally in colour and pattern and structurally 
in the genitalia of both sexes. 

c£9 34-40 mm. The vestiture differs from A. edwardsi in the denser black irroration, especially 
on the thorax. On the fore wing the medial and submedial folds are densely black; the light 



1 82 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

buff pattern is reduced to the streak in the proximal half of the submedial fold and to the partial 
ringing of the reniform and orbicular spots; remainder of wing fuscous. 

Male genitalia. The apex of the valve differs from that of cdivardsi in shape, the harpe is tapered 
and not broadened apically and the digicate process is straight and greater in length. 

Female genitalia. The greater part of the ductus bursae is sclerotized; the secondary sack, leading 
to the ductus seminalis, arises nearer the posterior end of the primary sack and is greater in length 
than in edwardsi. 

ruwenzori : Namwamba Valley, 10,200 ft., xii-iQ34-i.i935 {Edwards), 1 $; Bigo, 11,400 ft., 
20-22.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 2 including holotype; Lamia Valley, 11,900 ft., 30-31.vii.1952 
(Fletcher), allotype $. 

Axylia belophora sp.n. (Figures 6, 135, 142) 

0*$ 27-30 mm. Palpus, frons, vertex, patagia and abdomen light buff; all, except third segment 
of palpus, irrorate with chestnut and black or bister; patagia broadly tipped with black. Thorax 
chestnut irrorate with black; metathorax with a tuft of light buff hair-scales extending posteriorly 
over first abdominal segment. Fore wing light buff very lightly irrorate with chestnut; distal 
half of cell area occupied by a dart-shaped area of black enclosing the white reniform and the 
black, light buff-ringed orbicular spots; proximal third of wing chestnut at costa and posterior 
of cubitus; a patch of chestnut between three-fourths and seven-eighths costa; termen broadly 
chestnut between veins Mi and Ai\ antemedial fascia slender and black with dart-like distal 
projections in submedial fold and between vein Ai and inner margin; postmedial fascia double 
and black, marked only as dots on veins. Hind wing as in A. edivardsi. 
Genitalia of both sexes as illustrated. 

Closely similar to A. edwardsi, differing superficially in colour and pattern and structurally 
in the genitalia of both sexes. The male differs in the shape of the valve ; the female differs in the 
sclerotization of the ductus bursae. 

ruwenzori : Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 4 $, including holotype and 
allotype; Misigo, 8550 ft., 2-3 .viii. 1952 (Fletcher), 1 

Axylia posterioducta sp.n. (Figures 2, 3, 141, 145) 

$ 27 mm.; $ 25 mm. Similar in pattern and closely related to Axylia annularis (Saalmiiller, 1891). 

Male. Frons and vertex deep brownish drab ; in annularis light buff irrorate with black. Patagia 
deep brownish drab and tawny, tipped with black; in annularis concolorous with frons. Thorax 
and tegulae deep brownish drab ; in annularis black. Fore wing pinkish buff; proximal half of 
costal area light buff in one example ; proximal half of submedial fold suffused with vinaceous 
fawn and patterned, as illustrated, with black; in annularis the ground colour is light buff; costa, 
medial fold and area posterior of it, densely irrorate with black. Hind wing white; cell spot and 
terminal interneural spots drab; subterminal fascia, marked by spots on veins, drab; distal third 
of wing weakly suffused with drab; in annularis, except for a drab apical area, the wing is white 
and immaculate. 

Female. Frons, vertex, patagia, thorax and tegulae light buff irrorate with black. Fore wing 
light buff, patterned with black, as illustrated. Hind wing similar to that of male. In annularis the 
female is similar to the male. 



Noctuidae 183 

Male genitalia. Valve differs from that of annularis in the bowing of the dorsal margin and hi the 
shape of the harpe; in annularis the apical process on the aedeagus is not developed. 

Female genitalia. Differs from annularis (Figure 144) in the shape of the bursa copulatrix. The 
ductus seminalis arises from the posterior end of the bursa copulatrix; in annularis it arises from 
the anterior end. 

Kenya : Aberdare Range, Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft., x.1934 (Edwards), 3 q*, 2 2 in the British 
Museum; Mt. Kinangop, Foret de Bambous, 2500-3000 m., ii.1912 (Alluaud & Jeannel), 1 $\ 
Mt. Kenya, Foret infer. (Podocarpus), i-ii.1912 (Alluaud & jeannel), 1 q* in the Paris Museum. 

ruwenzori: Kilembe, 4500 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edwards), 1 2 in the British Museum. 

Axylia intimima sp.n. (Figures 1, 143) 

2 24 mm. Superficially similar to the female of the preceding species; the fore wing differs hi 
having the costa and the posterior half of the wing, especially the proximal fourth, irrorate with 
vinaceous fawn and having a short, black streak arising from mid-posterior margin and extending 
diagonally apicad; the hind wing differs in being uniformly drab, the cell spot and dotted post- 
medial fascia being very faintly defined in a darker shade. Superficially similar also to A. coniorta 
(Hampson, 1903), differing in the greatly reduced fuscous irroration of the fore wing. 
Genitalia as illustrated. Figure 146 illustrates the female genitalia of coniorta. 

ruwenzori : Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), holotype 9. 

Axylia rhodopea (Hampson) 
Episilia (sic) rhodopea Hampson, 1907, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 19:245. 

ruwenzori: Mahoma River, 6700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft. (Fletcher), 1 J; 
Namwamba Valley, 10,200 ft. (Edwards), 15 17 2; Heath Zone, 10,500-11,500 ft. (Buxton), 
1 o*; Nyamaleju, 10,530 ft. (Fletcher), 14 30 2; Bigo, 11,400 ft. (Fletcher), 1 11 2; Kimemba 
Camp, 11,900 ft. (Fletcher), 1 <J; Lake Bujuku, 13,050 ft. (Fletcher), 1 rj. 

Distribution: Ruwenzori. 

The two specimens from Mahoma River and Nyinabitaba, in the rain forest belt, have a wing- 
span of 29 mm. and 27 mm. respectively; the two from Kimemba Camp and Lake Bujuku, hi the 
alpine belt, measure 37 mm. and 39 mm. respectively. The specimens from the ericaceous belt 
are intermediate in size. 

Psectraxylia gen.n. 

Male antenna ciliate. Fore tibia with five spines along inner edge and one along outer edge; at 
joint with tarsus there are one small and two large spines on the inner edge and one large spine 
on the outer edge. Frons smoothly rounded. Neuration as in Axylia. 

Genitalia. Uncus stout and tapered, almost glabrous. Valve slender; dorsal margin sinuous; 
basal half of ventral margin folded; two short processes are situate medially in basal half; ventral 
margin with cluster of stout spines at three-fourths. Aedeagus one-seventh longer than valve, 
obtusely angled medially; vesica unadorned. Differs from Axylia in the loss of the harpe on the 
valve, which appears to have been replaced by the comb of stout spines. 

The gender of the generic name is neuter. 

Type species: Psectraxylia bonrsini sp.n. 



Rutvenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 



Psectraxylia boursini sp.n. (Figures 7, 151) 

<J 30 mm. Palpus and. frons dusky brown with a few pinkish buff scales. Vertex and thorax dusky 
brown, the scales tipped with white ; patagia fan-like, white basally , ochraceous tawny medially, 
dusky brown apically, the medial and apical scales tipped with white. Fore wing tilleul buff or 
light buff, in the type densely and evenly irrorate with drab grey ; anterior half of wing (except 
apical fourth), the slender, weakly marked sub-basal and antemedial fasciae (the latter traceable 
only on posterior half of wing), the double postmcdial fascia (marked, by dots on veins), distal 
half of discal fold and distal extremities of vein Cu z and submedial fold and the terminal, inter- 
neural dots fuscous; cell area and veins R$ to M 3 bright ochraceous tawny; cilia dull ochraceous 
tawny. Hind wing white, more or less bordered with bister. 

It is with pleasure that 1 name this species in honour of Monsieur Ch. Boursin, in appreciation 
of his advice and. ready help in working out this subfamily. 

kenya : Aberdare Range, Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft., x.1934 (Edwards), 2 q, including holotype, 
in the British Museum; Mt. Elgon, Ver' Est, Elgon Saw Mill, Camp II, 2470 m., 17.xii.1932 
(Arambourg, Cappius & Jeanncl), 1 $ in the Paris Museum. 

Ochropleura viettei sp.n. (Figures 9, 147-149) 

(J§ 27-33 rnm. Palpus light cinnamon drab, tipped with light buff. Frons, vertex and patagia light 
cinnamon drab, the patagia irrorate with bister and tipped with white. Thorax and abdomen 
bister. Fore wing light drab to light cinnamon drab ; transverse fasciae bister, broadly marked at 
costa; basal and sub-basal fasciae fail at subcosta; antemedial fascia edged anteriorly and post- 
medial fascia edged posteriorly with pale smoke grey, both dentate and boldly excised basad in 
discal and submedial folds; a bister streak is situate in basal half of submedial fold; a wedge-shaped 
bister area is situate medially in the discal fold, interrupted only by the paler orbicular spot; 
reniform spot obsolescent; terminal band pale and conspicuous; cilia bister, paler proximally. 
Hind wing buffy brown, thinly scaled. 

Male genitalia. Uncus broad medially, tapered apically, pilose. Saccus produced anteriorly and 
tapered finely. Apex of juxta broad, truncate and shallowly incised medially. Valve slender, with 
two processes, as illustrated. Aedeagus a little longer than valve ; vesica with two cornuti, one a 
short, stout spine situate apicad, the other a slender spine, one-half as long as the aedeagus, situate 
medially; in addition there is a slender, sinuous, scobinatc band in the apical half. 

Female genitalia. Ductus bursae strongly sclcrotized at each side. Bursa copulatrix consists of 
two membranous sacks, one twice as large as the second; the narrower sack is sclerotized pos- 
teriorly, where it joins the larger one. 

Readily distinguished from palaearctic and oriental species of Ochropleura by wing pattern and 
genitalia. 

It is with pleasure that I name tins species in honour of Monsieur P. Viette of the Paris Museum, 
in appreciation of his help and co-operation in working out the Ruwenzori Noctuidae. 

kenya: Monts Aberdare de Nyeri et Naivasha, Mt. Kinangop, Vers' Est, prairies alpines, 
3000-3100 m., ii.1912 (Alluaud & Jeanne!), holotype <$ and allotype $ in the Paris Museum. 

Ochropleura spinosa sp.n. (Figures 10, 131, 150) 

$ 28 mm. Palpus benzo brown, more or less tipped with light buff. Frons and vertex variable, 
light buff with a few dark scales in type, benzo brown in paratype. Patagia light quaker drab 



Noctuidae 185 

basally, cinnamon to light buff apically in type; in paratype benzo brown, apical third drab. 
Thorax and abdomen benzo brown, abdomen a little darker than thorax. Fore wing deep quaker 
drab irrorate with pale quaker drab ; bister pattern similar to that of viettei, except that the discal 
area is less densely marked with bister proximad of the orbicular spot and there is some vinaceous 
drab scaling in the discal and submedial folds ; cilia olive brown. In the paratype the wing is duller, 
lacking the light quaker drab irroration. Hind wing buffy brown, thinly scaled; cilia similar, but 
light buff proximally. 

Genitalia. Differ from those of the preceding species in the shorter dorsal process on the valve, 
in the narrower scobinate juxta and in the vesica, which bears two groups of short spines in 
addition to the slender, scobinate band. 

Kenya : Aberdare Range, Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft., x.1934 {Edwards), 1 ^ in the British Museum; 
Mt. Kenya, Vers' Ouest, zone des forets, 2400 m., i-ii.1912 (Alluaud & Jeaunel), holotype $ in the 
Paris Museum. 

Euxootera gen.n. 

Closely related to Euxoa, from which it differs in having the fore tibia longer than the first tarsal 
segment. In the male genitalia the uncus is gradually broadened and then tapered apicad; the 
ventral margin of the valve is incised at two-thirds ; the basal, digitate process on the valve is 
strongly developed and an additional short, digitate process arises at mid-valve; the vesica bears 
strongly sclerotized cornuti. In the female genitalia the genital plate is bilobate anteriorly and the 
posterior part of the bursa copulatrix is strongly sclerotized. 

The gender of the generic name is feminine. 

Type species: Euxootera callima sp.n. 

In addition to the new species described below, Lycophotia atrisparsa Hampson (1903) is also 
included in Euxootera. 

Euxootera callima sp.n. (Figures 11, 155-157) 

(J§ 36-38 mm. Palpus, frons, vertex and abdomen white or pale olive buff irrorate with black. 
Patagia black, tipped with white or pale olive buff. Thorax pale olive buff, more or less irrorate 
with black; light buff, metathoracic tufts extend posteriorly over first abdominal segment. Fore 
wing pale olive buff, more or less irrorate with black ; costa, cell area and inner margin patterned, 
as illustrated, with black; antemedial fascia failing at submedial fold, ante- and postmedial 
fasciae white; costal spot above orbicular and spot in cell area, just proximad of antemedial 
fascia, white; submedial fold irrorate with vinaceous fawn hi sub-basal area; termen black except 
at veins; cilia fuscous. In one example the black pattern fails and the forewing is evenly irrorate 
with fuscous; the white transverse fasciae and white-ringed reniform and orbicular spots are 
weakly defined. 

Genitalia of both sexes as illustrated. In the male the eighth abdominal segment bears lateral 
tufts, equal in length to the width of the segment. 

A beautiful and distinctive species, readily recognizable in the genus by colour and pattern and 
by the structure of the genitalia. 

ruwenzori: Namwamba Valley, 10,200 ft., xh. 19344.1935 (Edwards), 2 $ and allotype $; 
Nyamaleju, 10,530 ft., 14-19.vii.1952 (Fletcher), holotype 



Rnwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 



Euxootera cyclophora sp.n. (Figures 13, 91, 92, 158-160) 

25-28 mm. Palpus, frons and vertex white or pinkish bufFirrorate with black; sometimes 
entirely black. Patagia black, sometimes tipped with white or pinkish buff. Thorax white or 
pinkish bufFirrorate with black and tipped with white; a broad, black bar is situate posteriorly; 
metathoracic tufts extending posteriorly over first abdominal segment warm buff tipped with 
fuscous. Fore wing white irrorate with drab or pinkish buff and black, except in terminal eighth; 
basal and sub-basal fasciae white edged distally with black, failing at submedial fold; ante- and 
postmedial fasciae white, the former distally, the latter edged proximally with black; subcostal 
vein broadly white from base to conspicuous white orbicular, which extends to costa; cell area 
black both proximad and distad of orbicular; terminal interneural spots black; cilia fuscous 
divided longitudinally and edged anteriorly with white. Hind wing as in the preceding species. 
Genitalia of both sexes as illustrated. 

The eighth sternum of the male bears a dense tuft of hair-scales. These scales are deciduous and 
may have been lost from examples of the other species, either before or during preparation of the 
genitalia. 

Related to E. callitna, differing in its smaller size and in pattern. Differs structurally in the male 
genitalia, in the shape of the valve and its shorter processes and in the additional cornutus on the 
vesica. In the female genitalia the sclcrotization of the ductus bursae and the bursa copulatrix is 
reduced and both parts differ in shape from those of callitna. 

ruwenzori : Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 4 2 0, including holotype and 
allotype. 

Euxootera cyclops sp.n. (Figures 12, 93, 152-154) 

31 mm. Palpus, frons and vertex pinkish buff densely irrorate with black. Patagia black, tipped 
with white. Thorax black, pinkish buff posteriorly; metathoracic tufts extend posteriorly over 
the first abdominal segment, light buff. Abdomen light buff irrorate with fuscous. Fore wing 
pinkish buff densely irrorate with fuscous, except in terminal eighth ; irroration especially dense 
at apex and tornus, less dense in proximal half of costa; reniform spot concolorous with wing, 
slenderly ringed with black; orbicular spot white; terminal interneural spots black; cilia fuscous, 
paler medially and proximally. Flind wing cartridge buff suffused distally with fuscous ; cell spot 
and ill-defined postmedial fascia fuscous. 

Genitalia as illustrated. The two long medial processes of the type species of Euxootera are 
replaced by a single broad process and the small, additional process distad of it is vestigial. 

Tanganyika : District of the Great Craters, ii-iii.1921 (T. A. Barns), holotype o*. 
A similarly marked female (Figures 93, 154) from 6500 ft. in the Namwamba Valley on 
Ruwenzori (Edwards) is probably conspecific. 

HADENINAE 

Saltia edwardsi Tarns 
Saltia edwardsi Tarns, 1952, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (12) 5:873, Figures 12-17. 
KENYA : Mt. Elgon, 11,000 ft. (Edivards), 2 q\ 



Noctuidae 



187 



Eucladodes gcn.n. 

Frons smoothly rounded. Male antenna bipectinate; longest pectinations situate medially, five 
times as long as diameter of shaft; length of pectinations shortening basad and apicad. Female 
antenna shortly ciliate with two pairs of bristles on each segment, one pair laterally, one pair 
medio-ventrally. Palpus in each sex long-scaled beneath. 

Male genitalia. Uncus short and stout with a sharply tapered tip ; dorsally densely scaled. Valve 
shaped as illustrated with two short processes near base of dorsal margin. Aedeagus arcuate; 
vesica with a cluster of short spines medially. 

Female genitalia. Ductus bursae weakly sclerotized just anterior of operculum. Bursa copulatrix 
weakly sclerotized at junction with dilate ductus seminalis; a slender signum is situate medio- 
anteriorly. 

Similar in general appearance to Cerapteryx gratninis (Linn.), from which it may be distinguished 
by the longer pectinations of the male antenna and the medio-ventral pair of bristles on the 
female antenna. Differs markedly in the genitalia of both sexes. 

The gender of the generic name is masculine. 

Type species: Cladocerotis oeneus Fawxett (1916). (Figures 95, 176). 

Eucladodes oeneus (Fawcett) (Figures 95, 176) 
Cladocerotis oeneus Fawcett, 1917, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 236, Plate 1:12. 
Kenya: Aberdare Range, Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft. (Edwards), 242 15 §. 
Distribution: Kenya, Aberdare Range. 

Elaeodes Hampson 

Of the following species included in Elaeodes, sections B, C and D are referred only provisionally 
to the genus, which is transferred on structure from the subfamily Pantheiinae. In addition to the 
true Elaeodes, in section A, three other groups are distinguishable on male genitalia; until females 
are available for study, those probable generic groups have not been named. 

Miselia viridirufa Hampson (191 8) is a true Elaeodes and is transferred from Miselia. Miselia 
rufifusa Hampson (1918) is provisionally placed in Elaeodes and forms section D. 

Section A 

Elaeodes barnsi A. E. Prout 
Elaeodes barnsi A. E. Prout, 1921, Aim. Mag. nat. Hist., (9) 8:21, Plate 3:7. 

ruwenzori : Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft. (Fletcher), 2 Namwamba Valley, 10,200 ft. (Edwards), 
i Nyamaleju, 10,530 ft. (Fletcher), 1 
Distribution: Kivu. 

Elaeodes sp. 

Kenya : Aberdare Range, Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft. (Edwards), 1 q\ 

Similar in size and appearance to E. brevicomis (Walker, 1856). Differs slightly from that species 
11 the genitalia ; the membranous part of the valve is broader and the digitate process arising from 
lose to the base of the valve is also broader; the aedeagus differs in having one serrate-edged flap 
t the apex instead of two. 



i88 



Ruti'eiizori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 



Elaeodes sp. 

ruwenzori : Mahoma River, 6700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

Similar in size and pattern to E. lutescens (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1854) from South Africa. Differs 
structurally in the aedeagus, which has less heavily sclerotized flaps at the apex, and in the longer 
apical cornuti on the vesica; these cornuti are equal to or slightly longer than the width of the 
aedeagus; the basal cluster of spines on the vesica is similar to that of lutescens. 

Section B 

Elaeodes panconita sp.n. (Figures 20, 163, 166) 

o* 29-3 1 mm. Antenna ciliate ; cilia subequal in length to diameter of eye. Vestiture yellowish- 
green, close to Ridgway's honey yellow, palpus and abdomen mixed with fuscous. Fore wing 
honey yellow (possibly discoloured green), patterned as illustrated with black. Hind wing tilleul 
buff suffused with light pinkish cinnamon; postmcdial fascia, large cell spot and subterminal shade 
fuscous, but ill-defined. Underside of both wings light pinkish cinnamon; fore wing suffused with 
fuscous proximally ; hind wing lightly irrorate with fuscous along costa and termen ; cell spot on 
hind wing large; postmedial fascia on each wing fuscous. 

Genitalia. Uncus flat, slightly broadened medially and tapered apicad. Valve shaped as illustrated. 
Vesica with a cluster of short spines medially. 

Similar in appearance to several species of Elaeodes, from which it is most reliably separated by 
the genitalia. 

ruwenzori : Mahoma River, 6700 ft., 13-16.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 3 including holotype. 

Elaeodes callichlora sp.n. (Figures 19, 162, 165) 

o* 26-28 mm. Antenna ciliate ; cilia subequal in length to diameter of shaft. Palpus fuscous tipped 
with tilleul buff. Vestiture olive ochre, abdomen suffused with fuscous. Fore wing olive ochre; 
transverse fasciae, reniform and orbicular spots paler; some fuscous irroration in proximal and 
distal thirds and along costa ; a large fuscous black area is situate between reniform and orbicular 
spots ; cilia chequered with fuscous black between the veins. Hind wing almost uniformly fuscous 
with a faint tinge of pinkish cinnamon at cilia. Underside of both wings pale pinkish cinnamon; 
proximal half of fore wing suffused with fuscous; postmcdial fascia, subterminal shade and cell 
spot on each wing fuscous ; hind wing with a fuscous streak between cell spot and base of wing ; j 
cilia chequered light buff and fuscous. 

Genitalia. Uncus flat and of even width, except for a ' waist ' at base and a tapered apex. Valve 
shaped as illustrated. Vesica with a loose cluster of weak spines near apex. 

Distinguished superficially from E. panconita by the brighter ground colour of the forewing, j 
with its sharply marked pattern, and by the almost uniformly fuscous hind wing. The genitalia 
afford good structural differences. 

w. kivu: South Lowa District, Lowowo Valley, 4000 ft., mountain forest, iii.1924, wet 
season (T. A. Barns), 2 including holotype; Upper Lowa Valley, Nr. Masisi, 5-6000 ft., forest 
and long grass, ii.1924, wet season (T. A. Barns), 1 

Elaeodes mochlosema sp.n. (Figures 18, 161, 164) 

o* 28 mm. Antenna and palpus similar to those of the preceding species. Vestiture lime green, | 
abdomen mixed with fuscous. Fore wing lime green suffused with yellow ochre in proximal and 



Noctuidae 189 

distal thirds ; some dark green irroration in distal third and a dark green bar in submedial fold in 
medial area; transverse fasciae very pale; reniform spot almost white; orbicular spot olive ochre, 
pale ringed; cilia chequered lime green and yellow ochre. Hind wing and underside of both 
wings as in preceding species. 

Genitalia. Uncus flat and of even width to tapered apex. Valve shaped as illustrated. Aedcagus 
slightly bowed; vesica with a cluster of short spines medially and two or three broad-based, thorn- 
like spines apicad (two in holotype, three in paratype). 

Distinguished superficially from the preceding species by colour and pattern and structurally by 
genitalia. 

w. kivu: Middle Lowa Valley, Nr. Walikali, 3-4000 ft., forest, ii.1924, wet season (T. A. 
Barns), holotype o ; Upper Lowa Valley, Nr. Masisi, 5-6000 ft., forest and long grass, ii.1924, 
wet season (T. A. Barns), 1 q*. 

Two male specimens from Ruanda District, Lake Kivu and a male from Jinga, Mt. Cameroon, 
showing some modifications in colour and structure of genitalia, probably represent subspecies. 

Section C 

Elaeodes bryodes sp.n. (Figures 21, 167, 168) 
o 29-32 mm. Antenna ciliate; cilia subequal in length to diameter of shaft. Palpus fuscous black 
tipped with tilleul buff. Vestiture lime green; abdomen mixed with fuscous. Fore wing lime green 
irregularly mottled with darker shades of green ; a black spot at base ; sub-basal fascia edged 
proximally with black at costa and medially; a black streak in basal fourth; ante- and postmedial 
fasciae edged both proximally and distally with black; distal third of wing irregularly mottled 
and costa spotted with black; a conspicuous black area separates reniform and orbicular spots, 
which like the transverse fasciae, are very pale; subterminal fascia white, broken and dentate; 
cilia chequered lime green and a paler tone. Hind wing and underside of both wings similar to 
those of E. callichlora. 

Genitalia. Uncus flat, broadening from a narrow neck at base, then tapering apicad. Valve as 
illustrated. Aedeagus slightly bowed; vesica with a cluster of spines medially and two broad- 
based, thorn-like spines near apex. 

Most reliably separated from the preceding species by the structure of the genitalia. 

rtjwenzori: Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 3 including holotype. 

Elaeodes chlorobapta sp.n. (Figures 22, 169-171) 

o* 32 mm. Antenna ciliate; cilia one and one-quarter times as long as diameter of shaft. Palpus 
black tipped with tilleul buff. Vestiture a yellowish green, close to Ridgway's chamois ; abdomen 
suffused with light vinaceous cinnamon. Fore wing chamois and patterned, as illustrated, with 
black; cilia tipped with black between veins. Hind wing tilleul buff more or less suffused with 
light vinaceous cinnamon and lightly irrorate with black in subterminal area; cell spot and post- 
medial fascia fuscous; cilia and ground colour concolorous. Underside of both wings light buff; 
anterior half of fore wing and whole of hind wing lightly irrorate with light vinaceous cinnamon ; 
costal area of each wing with a few scattered, fuscous scales ; cell spot and postmedial fascia on 
each wing fuscous. 

Genitalia. Uncus flat and broadened to a rounded apex. Valve shaped as illustrated, with two 
digitate processes medially, one short and stout, the other slender and curved. Aedeagus with a 
beak-like proiection at one side of apex; vesica with a large scobinate area medially. 



190 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

Distinguished from the preceding species by the longer cilia of the antenna, by the pattern of 
the wings and by the genitalia. 

ruwenzori : Mahoma River, 6700 ft., 13-16.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 2 including holotype. 

Section D 

Elacodes rufifusa (Hampson) (?) subsp. 
Miselia rufifusa Hampson, 1918, Novit. zool., 25:116. 
ruwenzori: Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft. (Fletcher), 1 q\ 
Distribution : Nyasaland. 

Rather larger (34 mm.) than the type (29 mm.) and with slightly modified genitalia; adequate 
material may show the Ruwenzori population to represent a distinct subspecies. Two specimens 
from Mt. Kenya, with genitalia closely similar to those of the holotype (Figures 172, 173), measure 
38-40 mm. in wing-span. 

Dicerogastra gen.n. 

Frons smoothly rounded. Wing pattern of fore wing similar to that of an Orthosia, especially in 
the smooth, sharply defined subterminal fascia. The structure of the genitalia indicates an affinity 
to Xylomyges, from which it differs in the male in the short, rounded saccus, the well developed 
cucullus and the dense cluster of spines on the valve; differs in the female in the more strongly 
developed ovipositor, the less specialized eighth sternum and the absence of signa on the bursa 
copulatrix. 

Male genitalia. Uncus simple, tapered and densely scaled dorsally. Valve shaped as illustrated, 
free; dorsal margin sclerotized and produced ventrad, parallel with the small cucullus; a dense 
cluster of stout spines, pointing ventrad, is situate medially. Aedeagus stout, sclerotized and 
slightly produced at one side of apex; vesica with two clusters of cornuti. 

Female genitalia. Seventh sternum sclerotized posteriorly, with two small cavities medially. 
Eighth sternum with two digitate processes extending posteriorly. Ductus bursae and bursa 
copulatrix as illustrated, the latter without signa. 

The gender of the generic name is feminine. 

Type species: Miselia proleuca Hampson (1913). (Figures 99, 101, 174.) 
Mamestra furvilinea Hampson (1902) is also included in Dicerogastra. 

Dicerogastra furvilinea (Hampson) 
Mamestra furvilinea Hampson, 1902, Ami. S. Afr. Mus., 2:268. 
Kenya : Mt. Elgon, iv.1932 (Jackson), 1 
Distribution: Kenya to Cape Colony. 

Dicerogastra proleuca (Hampson) 
Miselia proleuca Hampson, 1913, Ami. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 12:591. 
kenya: Mt. Elgon, iv.1934 (Jackson), 1 
Distribution: Kenya; Natal. 



Noctuidae 



191 



Omphalestra gen.n. 

Related to the pteceding genus, but differing in the genitalia of both sexes. 

Male genitalia. Abdomen with long, dense tufts of hair-scales on first segment. Uncus simple 
and tapered, densely scaled dorsally. Valve with a dense cluster of spines medially; in submedianata 
Hampson there is, in addition, one very stout spine at the anterior edge of the cluster; a digitate 
process arises from the base of the spine-cluster and extends diagonally costad in a zig-zag form; 
a short, digitate process arises just anterior of the cucullus. Aedeagus slightly bowed; vesica with 
a series of short, stout cornuti. 

Female genitalia. Seventh sternum similar to that in the preceding genus. Eighth sternum 
simple. Ductus bursae and bursa copulatrix similar in form to those of Mythimna, as illustrated. 

The gender of the generic name is feminine. 

Type species: Scotogramma submedianata Hampson (1905). (Figures 96, 97, 177). 

Mamestra mesoglauca Hampson (1902), Miselia geraea Hampson and Hadcna nelly ae Berio (1939) 
are also included in Omphalestra. Examination of the holotype of Xylotnania nigricincta Gacde 
(1916), kindly loaned by Dr. H.J. Hannemann of the Zoological Museum in Berlin, has shown 
it to be a synonym of geraea Hampson (Syn.n.). 

Agrotis mesomelaena Hampson (1902) and Craterestra semifusca Hampson (1905) have genitalia 
closely similar to those of Omphalestra, but each species lacks the tufts on the first abdominal 
segment, so they are only provisionally referred to this genus : semifusca differs further in having 
a slightly protuberant frons and may eventually require a separate genus. 

Omphalestra semifusca (Hampson) 
Craterestra semifusca Hampson, 1905, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 5:22, Plate 86:2. 
kenya : Mt. Elgon, vii.1929 (Jackson), 1 
Distribution: Sudan; Uganda; Kenya; Nyasaland. 

Apospasta dipterigidia fulvida subsp.n. (Figures 179, 181) 

Differs from A. d. dipterigidia (Hampson, 1902) externally in the less contrasted colouring of the 
fore wing; the cinnamon ground colour is more evenly suffused with vinaceous brown and the 
fuscous irroration is confined to the veins. 

In the male genitalia, the anterior of the two processes on the basal third of the valve is evenly 
digitate ; in the nominate subspecies it is comma-shaped with a very slender base ; the posterior 
process is triangular with a very broad base; hi the nominate subspecies this process is evenly 
digitate. The vesica bears a straight, stout, tapered cornutus, one-half as long as the aedeagus ; in 
the nominate subspecies (Figure 180) the cornutus is two-thirds as long as the aedeagus and is 
curved through 90 at base. 

In the female genitalia the operculum is broadly bilobate posteriorly and is incised to less than 
one-half medially ; in the nominate subspecies (Figure 178) the lobes are long and slender and the 
medial incision extends to three-fourths. 

The following notes on the larva have been recorded by Mr. A. L. H. Townsend of Nakuru, 
Kenya Colony : 

'First bred in 1937. Of many plants supplied, would cat only lettuce and Oxygonum 
atripHcifolium: prefer the latter. Full-fed one and one-quarter inches long, smooth, 



192 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1932. Volume I, Number 7 

dull, dark brown. Dorsum lighter with central black line, broken by a number of very 
small white dots. A zig-zag black line on either side of dorsal line makes a diamond- 
shaped pattern. A small white dorso-lateral spot on each segment. Spiracular area very 
dark brown; stigmata white; ventral area greenish-grey. A slight anal hump, with 
conspicuous ochreous mark on either side. Head shining brown. Larva does not burrow, 
but lives in trash on ground. Pupated early in August, underground. Imago Sept.-Nov. 
Moths hide among trash on ground.' 

E. Tanganyika: Urindi District, Upper Ruvuba River, vii-viii.1919 (T. A. Barns), 2 q\ 
including holotype. 

Uganda: Mabera Forest, 1 909 (Jackson), 1 q*. 

ruwenzori : 6000 ft., 22.ii.1906, 1 $. 

kenya : Kitale, i.ix.1928 (G. W.Jeffery), 1 Nakuru, bred, 12.xi.1945 (A. L. H. Townsend), 
1 (J; Nairobi, 2.ix.i927 (Mrs. D. M. Hopkins), 1 Nairobi, 14.iv.1912 (C. Montague Smythe), 

1 cT- 

Apospasta venata (Hampson) 
Polia venata Hampson, 1905, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 5:104, Plate 81:5. 
Kenya : Mt. Elgon, 11-12,000 ft. (Jackson), 2 1 $. 

ruwenzori : Nakitawa ( = Nyinabitaba), 8400 ft., 23.ii.1924 (R. Gunnis), 1 $. 

Apospasta jacksoni sp.n. (Figures 15, 182, 183) 

O* 38 mm. Closely similar externally to A. venata, differing in the duller, almost uniformly drab 
distal third of the fore wing and in the absence of conspicuous white or ochraceous scaling on 
the veins. The hind wing is more deeply suffused with fuscous. On the underside of the fore wing 
the terminal band of light buff irroration, conspicuous in venata, is less sharply contrasted. 

In the structure of the male genitalia, jacksoni is more closely similar to fuscirufa than to venata. 
The costal process on the dorsal margin of the valve, just anterior of the cucullus, is disc-like 
and projects dorsad in fuscirufa ; in venata this costal process is wanting. In fuscirufa the two processes 
on the basal part of the valve are situate close to the distal margin, the aedeagus is not tapered 
apicad and the cornuti consist of a stout spine, one-half as long as the aedeagus, and a thin cluster 
of slender, hair-like spines. 

Uganda : Kigezi, Kayonza, v-vi (T. H. E. Jackson), holotype $ in the British Museum; ibid., 
1 o* in the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

Apospasta kennedyi sp.n. (Figures 14, 185, 186, 188) 

0*$ 40-45 mm. Vestiture fuscous with some vinaceous brown or chestnut irroration; anal segment 
in male light buff suffused with vinaceous brown. Fore wing pinkish buff densely irrorate with 
drab and black; transverse fasciae slender and black; orbicular and reniform spots of ground 
colour, ringed with black; subterminal fascia often edged distally with spots of ground colour 
between veins, that at tornus the largest and present in most examples. Some male examples have 
the fore wing suffused with chestnut and some female examples have the fore wing lightly 
irrorate with white on the veins. Underside drab to hair brown; costa suffused with vinaceous 
brown; anterior half of postmedial fascia marked in fuscous. Hind wing buffy brown, pale at 



Noctuidae 193 

base. Underside cartridge bufi to light buff suffused with drab to hair brown and lightly irrorate 
with vinaceous brown in costal third and terminad; postmedial fascia as on fore wing, failing 
just before anal margin; cell spot fuscous, usually marked on anterior half of discocellular only. 

Male genitalia. Valve shaped as illustrated, with two digitate processes on basal third. Vesica 
with a scobinate area medially and a cluster of one stout and several slender spines basally. 

Female genitalia. Bursa copulatrix very weakly sclerotized ; additional sack sclerotized medially 
on ventral surface. 

Most reliably distinguished from several related species by the structure of the genitalia. 

It is with pleasure that I name this fine species in honour of Professor W. Q. Kennedy, leader 
of the 1952 expedition to Ruwenzori. 

ruwenzori : Namwamba Valley, 10,200 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edu'ards), 5 19 including 
holotype and allotype; Heath Zone, 10,500-11,500 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Buxton), 1^,1$; Nyama- 
leju, 10,530 ft., 14-19.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 2 8 $; Bigo, 11,400 ft., 20-22.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 $ 
in the British Museum, 31.iii.1948 (A. Holm), 1 $ in the Riksmuseum, Stockholm; Kimemba 
Camp, 11,900 ft., i.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 Bukurungu River, 12,550 ft., 29-30.viii.1952 
(Fletcher), 1 $. 

Four specimens collected by Dr. Hugh Scott in Abyssinia (Djem-Djem Forest, c. 9000 ft., 
24.ix.1926, 2 (J, 1 $; Mt. Chillalo, c. 9000 ft., 12.xi.1926, 1 $) are smaller, with a wing-span of 
31-35 mm., but they have genitalia closely similar to those of the Ruwenzori specimens. 

A male collected by Dr. F. W. Edwards (Aberdare Range, Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft., x.1934) 
has a wing-span of 37 mm.; the vesica differs in having a coarser scobinate area medially and the 
basal cluster of spines shorter and without the single stout spine. 

Until more material is available for study, the specimens from Abyssinia and Kenya have been 
provisionally included in the series of kennedyi. 

Apospasta synclera sp.n. (Figures 184, 187) 
(J$ 36-42 mm. Closely similar externally to A. kennedyi, though on average rather smaller. The 
underside differs in the weak development of the cell spot on the fore wing (wanting in kennedyi) 
and in the larger cell spot on the hind wing, extending along nearly the whole length of the 
discocellulars. 

In the male genitalia the posterior of the two processes on the basal part of the valve is more 
slender than the corresponding one in kennedyi and the anterior one is smaller and sharply tapered 
apicad; the cucullus is also smaller. In the vesica, the medial scobinate area of kennedyi is 
wanting ; a much more finely scobinate area is situate apicad ; the basal cluster of spines is shorter 
than in kennedyi. 

The female genitalia differ from those of kennedyi in the slightly longer and more strongly 
sclerotized ductus bursae and in the shape and sclerotization of the additional sack. 

ruwenzori : Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 2 2 including holotype and 
allotype. 

A smaller, paler specimen (wing-span 32 mm.), collected by T. A. Barns (Lake Kivu, Ruanda 
District, Rugege Forest, 8000 ft., xii.1921), has genitalia identical with those of the type. 

Apospasta aethalopa sp.n. (Figures 189, 190) 
! o* 36-38 mm. Similar in size and pattern to A.fuscirufa (Hampson, 1903), but darker in colour and 
differing in genitalia. Vestiture bister mixed with black; in fuscirufa it is cinnamon to vinaceous 
2 



194 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

brown. Fore wing densely irrorate with drab and black, especially proximad of the postmedial 
fascia, with little of the cinnamon ground colour apparent, except in spots along costa and at tornus. 

Genitalia. Tip of uncus slightly spatulate. Valve similar in shape to that oi fuscirufa; process on 
dorsal margin, close to base of cucullus, digitate and tapered instead of rounded; a sclerotized 
ridge extends across posterior edge of basal third with a digitate process at dorsal end and a short, 
triangular process at ventral end; these processes are less stout and more strongly sclerotized than 
those in fuscirufa ; a triangular ridge is situate midway along basal third of dorsal margin on right 
valve; the corresponding process on the left valve is situate medially on basal third; these asym- 
metrical ridges are wanting in fuscirufa. Vesica with a tapered cornutus one-third as long as 
aedeagus, a cluster of minute spines apically and a slender, scobinate band extending from near 
base to two-thirds. In fuscirufa the vesica has a similar large cornutus and a cluster of long, almost 
hair-like spines apically. 

w. Africa : Mt. Cameroon, 2550 m., 6.iv.i058 (J. Birkct-Smith), 3 q\ including holotype. 

Apospasta townsendi sp.n. (Figures 16, 191-193) 

o* 34 mm.; $ 38 mm. Vestiture pinkish buff to cinnamon drab mixed with fuscous and black. 
Fore whig pinkish buff irrorate with fuscous; ante- and post-medial fasciae slender, lunulate and 
fuscous ; reniform and orbicular spots centred and outlined with fuscous. Underside drab, except 
proximal two-thirds of inner margin, which is light buff ; costa and termen irrorate with light 
buff. Hind wing suffused with fuscous, veins strongly marked; basal area paler. Underside cart- 
ridge buff to light buff; costal and terminal areas irrorate with fuscous. 

Male genitalia. Valve not greatly broadened in apical third; posterior process on basal third 
long, anterior process minute. Aedeagus stout and tapered; vesica densely scobinate medially. 

Female genitalia. Short ductus bursae sclerotized medially. Bursa copulatrix and secondary 
sack wholly membranous. 

Distinguished from other species of Apospasta by the predominantly pinkish buff ground 
colour of the fore wing and by the genitalia of both sexes. 

kenya : Nakuru, 7.1X.1946, bred (A. L. H. Townsend), holotype $\ Nairobi, i.v.1911 
( T. J. Anderson), allotype $. 

Apospasta rhodina sp.n. (Figure 17) 
44-48 mm. Palpus and scape old rose. Legs old rose mixed with a few white and fuscous 
scales. Frons and vertex black mixed with primuline yellow, some scales tipped with white. 
Patagia primuline yellow. Tegulae and thorax black mixed with primuline yellow. Abdomen 
smoke grey, with a short, primuline yellow tuft on first segment dorsally ; anal segment light buff 1 
in male. Fore wing black, veins smoke grey; basal area and costal area, medially, irrorate with 
primuline yellow; transverse fasciae and outlines of reniform and orbicular spots primuline yellow ; : 
cilia old rose. Underside fuscous; cilia old rose; in some examples the costa is also irrorate with 
old rose. Hind wing white, suffused in costal and terminal areas with fuscous. Underside similar. 

The genitalia of both sexes of this striking and beautiful species show a close affinity to those 
of Apospasta and it is, on that account, provisionally included in this genus. 

ruwenzori: Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vh.1952 (Fletcher), holotype $ in the British 
Museum; Mobuku Valley, Nyinabitaba, 2600 m., 11.iv.1948 (A. Holm), 2 $ and allotype $ in 
Riksmuseum, Stockholm. 

north kivu : Birunga Volcanoes, iv.1924 (T. A. Barns), 1 $. 



Noctuidae 



195 



Tycomarptes gcn.n. 

Related to Mythimna, differing in the Hadena-like pattern and in the genitalia of both sexes. In the 
male the valves are free and the aedaegus sinuous; in typical Mythimna the valves are fused 
basally by a small, rounded process and the aedeagus is straight and basally bulbous. In the female 
of typical Mythimna the ductus bursae and the ductus seminalis are ribbed and the bursa copu- 
latrix is without signa. 
Frons smoothly rounded. 

Male genitalia. Uncus simple and tapered, densely scaled dorsally. Valves free, shaped as 
illustrated, with two short, digitate processes arising near base of dorsal margin. Aedeagus short, 
stout and sinuous ; vesica minutely and densely scobinate, bearing one or two clusters of short, 
stout spines. First abdominal segment with a pair of long, dense hair-tufts. 

Female genitalia. Ductus bursae with two sclerotized folds, one at each side; ductus seminalis 
dilate, forming an additional sack, closely wrinkled and sometimes sclerotized at junction with 
bursa copulatrix, which bears four longitudinal signa and is sometimes partially sclerotized. 

The gender of the generic name is masculine. 

Types species: Apamea inferior Guenee (1852) (Figures 94, 98, 175). 

The following species are also included in Tycomarptes: 

Dianthaecia praetermissa Walker (1857) 
Graphania tortircna A. E. Prout (1921) 

Tycomarptes inferior (Guenee) (Figures 94, 98, 175) 

Apamea inferior Guenee, 1852, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gen. Lep., 5:211. 
Cclaena renisigna Walker, 1856, List Lep. Lis. B.M., 10:267. 
Hadena inculta Walker, 1862, Trans, ent. Soc. Lond., (3) 1:88. 
Hadenafcita Walker, 1865, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 33:734. 
Hadena contracta Walker, 1865, torn, cit., p. 735. 
Hadena servilis Walker, 1865, torn, cit., p. 736. 

(?) Dianthoecia submoesta Moschler, 1884, Verh. zool.-bot. Gcs. Wien, 33:294, Plate 16:8. 
ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 9- 
Uganda: Masaka (Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Uganda; Kenya to Cape Province. 

Re-examination of the types of Dianthaecia praetermissa Walker (1857) and its synonym 
Hadena dcpulsa Walker (1857), included by Hampson in the synonymy of Miselia renisigna 
Walker ( = inferior Guenee), has shown them to represent a distinct species, distinguishable 
externally by the clear white or buff reniform and orbicular spots on the fore wing, the latter 
spot usually extending to the costa, and by the paler proximal part of the hind wing. In the male 
genitalia, the vesica of inferior bears a single cluster of spines ; in praetermissa there are two such 
clusters. In the female genitalia, the bursa copulatrix of inferior is sclerotized posteriorly; in 
praetermissa it is membranous. 

Tycomarptes tortirena (A. E. Prout) 
Graphania tortircna A. E. Prout, 1921, Bull. Hill Mus., 1 : 122, Plate 17: 5. 
ruwenzori: Namwamba Valley, 10,200 ft. (Edwards), 4 q\ 3 $; Nyamaleju, 10,530 ft. 



196 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

(Fletcher), 2 9 $; Bigo, 11,400 ft. (Fletcher), 2 $; Lamia Valley, 11,900 ft. (Fletcher), 1 q*, 1 $; 
Kimemba Camp, 11,900 ft. (Fletcher), I 2 Nyamgasani Valley, 12-13,000 ft. (Buxton), 2 

Distribution: Ruwenzori; Virunga Volcanoes, Lake Kivu. 

Mythimna aenictopa sp.n. (Figures 23, 194-196) 

O* 28-29 mm. ; § 29-32 mm. Antenna with a pair of bristles to each segment and minutely ciliate. 
Vestiture light buff irror ate with bister; vertex almost uniformly bister. Fore wing light buff 
lightly irrorate with fuscous; veins bordered anteriorly and posteriorly with bister; cubitus very 
pale, almost white; an area of bister, narrow at base of wing and broadening distally, extends 
to mid-termen ; tornus suffused with bister ; two spots in cell area and terminal interneural spots 
black. Underside pale pinkish buff, costal area pinkish buff; termen and costa irrorate with bister; 
terminal interneural spots black. Hind wing white, costa and termen suffused with pinkish buff 
and lightly irrorate with bister; terminal interneural spots fuscous, faintly marked. Underside 
similar. 

Male genitalia. Uncus slender and tapered, long-scaled dorsally. Valve shaped as illustrated, 
with two short, digitate processes situate just posterior of the narrow 'neck' of the valve, one 
extending dorsad and one ventrad, the latter tipped with short hairs; a scobinate process extends 
from base of valve towards juxta. Aedeagus with a thorn-like projection at one side of apex; 
vesica with a slender cluster of short spines extending for one-half the length of the aedeagus. 

Female genitalia. Ductus bursae half-spiral, strongly sclerotized. Bursa copulatrix instrate; 
additional sack geniculate and membranous. 

Readily distinguishable from many species of similar external appearance by the genitalia of 
both sexes. 

gold coast: N. Territories, Kete-Krachi (A. W. Cardinal!), 8 12 $, including holotype and 
allotype. 

UGANDA : Fort Portal, 5000 ft. (Edwards), 2 

Mythimna laevusta Berio 
Mythimna laevusta Berio, 1955, Boll. Soc. ent. ital., 85:124. 

Cirphis usta Hampson Gacde nec Hampson, 1934, in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde, 15, Plate 6:f. 
ruwenzori : Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards). 1 
Distribution: Belgian Congo; Kenya; Tanganyika; Transvaal; Natal; Cape Province. 

Mythimna phaeopasta (Hampson) 

Borolia phaeopasta Hampson, 1907, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (7) 19:257. 

Borolia aliicola Aurivillius, 1925, Ark. Zool., 17A Number 32:13, Figure. Syn.n. 

ruwenzori: Mahoma River, 6700 ft. (Fletcher), 2 1 $; Misigo, 8550 ft. (Fletcher), 1 
Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft. (Fletcher), 18 2 $. 

Distribution: Ruwenzori; Virunga Volcanoes. 

Vietteania catadela sp. (Figures 24, 197, 198) 

o* 26-30 mm. Antenna lamellate and ciliate; cilia rather longer than diameter of shaft. Palpus 
light buff densely irrorate with fuscous ; remainder of vestiture light buff lightly irrorate with 



Noctuidae 



197 



drab. Fore wing light buff; cell area and area of vein Ai darker, pinkish buff irrorate, sometimes 
densely, with drab and fuscous; a horizontal, fuscous black streak is situate in proximal half of 
wing between vein At. and inner margin; distal half of cubitus and vein M 3 white; terminal 
interneural dots black; cilia drab. Underside. Proximal two-thirds of wing, except costa and 
inner margin, umformly drab ; remainder of wing light buff lightly irrorate with fuscous ; veins 
very pale; cilia drab. Hind wing white suffused with drab, more strongly terminad; terminal 
interneural dots fuscous ; cilia drab, paler distally . Underside white, costa and termen shading to 
light buff, the whole lightly irrorate with fuscous. 

Genitalia. Uncus tapered, almost glabrous dorsally. Valve with a short, sclerotized projection 
at ventral tip of cucullus; a partially scobinate process, with an angular projection dorsad of base, 
extends medially along anterior half; a slightly up-curved process projects towards juxta from 
base of dorsal margin. Aedeagus slightly bowed ventrad; vesica with two clusters of short spines, 
one basally and one medially, and at apex is situate a short, stout thorn-like cornutus on a broad, 
flat base. 

Related to Vietteania aniens (Guenee, 1852). Differs externally in its smaller size and in the 
reduction of the fuscous black markings on the fore wing, especially distad of the cell. Differs 
structurally in the genitalia; in amens the process arising medially, close to base of valve, extends 
to tip of cucullus. 

kenya : Aberdare Range, Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft., x.1934 [Edwards), 5 including holotype; 
Nairobi (Edwards), 1 g. 

Tanganyika: Arusha District, Elanairobi Volcano, 8800 ft., March 1921, open alpine 
meadows and bush (T. A. Barns), 1 

Capillamentum nigrofasciatum Pinhey 

Capillainentinn nigrofasciatum Pinhey, 1956, Occasional Papers Nat. Mus. S. Rhodesia, 3, Number 
2iB:82, Plate 1:6, text Figure 4. 

ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 Namwamba Valley, 6500 ft. (Edwards), 1 

Distribution: Abyssinia; Kenya; Uganda. 

Brithys pancratii (Cirillo) 
Noctua pancratii Cirillo, 1787, Ent. Neapol., 8, Plate 12:4. 
ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 

Uganda: Masaka (Edwards), 1 Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 2 q*; Fort Portal, 5000 ft. 
(Edwards), 3 

Distribution: S. Europe; Africa. 

CUCULLIINAE 

Cucullia prolai Berio 
Cuctdlia prolai Berio, 1956, Bol. Soc. ent. ital., 86:82, Figure 1. 
kenya: Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft. (Edwards), 4 Mt. Elgon (Jackson), 1 <$. 
Distribution: Tanganyika. 



198 



Ruwcnzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 



Homonacna gen .11. 

Frons smoothly rounded. Palpus one and one-half times diameter of eye. Male antenna serrate 
and fasciculate; female antenna shortly ciliate with a pair of bristles on each segment. Abdomen 
with crest on third segment. Fore wing: Ri from distad of middle of radius; R 2 and R 3 stalked 
for one-third of R 2 and arising from midway between Ri and upper angle of cell; R 4 and R$ 
stalked for one-fourth of R$ and arising from upper angle of cell; R 3 anastomosing with R 4 
for one-third of free part of R 4 , forming an areole; Mi from just below upper angle of cell; M 3 
from lower angle, equidistant from M 2 and Cwi; Cu 2 from three-fourths cubitus. Hind wing: 
Sc anastomosing with radius at base; RS and Mi short-stalked; M 2 wanting; M 3 and C1/1 approxi- 
mate, from lower angle of cell; Cu 2 from two-thirds cubitus. 

Male genitalia. Uncus simple and tapered, densely long-scaled dorsally. Saccus tapered; juxta 
and valve as illustrated. Aedeagus broadened in apical half, then tapered; apical half sclerotized. 
Vesica with a dense area of short, weak spines in apical half. Abdomen with a pair of long hair 
tufts on first segment, one tuft at each side. 

Female genitalia as illustrated. 

Apparently without close relatives in the Cuculliinae; colour and pattern recall a number of 
genera in the Acronictinae, such as Daseochaeta and Canna, but the pronounced cilia overhanging 
the glabrous eyes and the simple structure of the male genitalia place the genus in this subfamily. 

Type species: Homonacna alpnista sp.n. The gender of the generic name is feminine. 

As the genus Canna (Walker, 1865) is preoccupied by Canna (Gray, 1821), the new name Nacna 
is proposed to replace it. 

Homonacna alpnista sp.n. (Figures 26, 199, 200, 202) 

cj ? 33 _ 34 mm. Palpus black above, white beneath. Frons, vertex and thorax pale olivine to oural 
green, patagia and tegulae tipped with black; a pair of black-tipped tufts on metathorax. Abdo- ] 
men white, suffused dorsally with black; crest on third segment black. Fore wing pale olivine in | 
terminal fourth, remainder oural green patterned with black as illustrated; postmedial fascia 
edged with white proximally; black mark in proximal third of submcdial fold edged distally 
with white. Underside white ; costa and anterior third of medial area suffused with black ; cilia 
white, spotted distally with black between veins. Hind wing white, termen suffused with black, 
especially apicad. Underside similar, but with a patch of black suffusion at mid-costa. 

ruwenzori : Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 3 1 $, including holotype and 
allotype. 

ACRONICTINAE 
Eutamsia gen.n. 

An Afro-Asian genus consisting of 27 species related to Trachea and separated from it by the 
structure of the genitalia of both sexes. 

Male genitalia. Uncus cygnate, apical half spatulate and tipped with a short spine; subscaphium 
sclerotized, forked at base; ninth tergum broad and minutely scobinate; a short, digitate process 
unites valves at base; valve broadened apicad, with or without corona and partially membranous; 
there may be a dense tuft of hair-scales (leucostigma Moore) or spines (indistans Moore) on basal 



Noctnidae 



199 



half of ventral margin of valve ; medial process on valve usually tapered, margins sometimes 
serrate; in type species there are two sclerotized folds close to medial process; vesica, seen in situ, 
with a hair-pin shaped, sclerotized band, one arm of which is scobinatc; cornuti present; first 
abdominal segment with a pair of dense hair tufts, one tuft at each side. 

Female genitalia. Ductus bursae short, ribbed and sclerotized; bursa copulatrix membranous, 
except at one side posteriorly, where it is ribbed and sclerotized; there are no signa. Seventh 
tergum sclerotized, with lateral folds ; in some species incised posteriorly and partially scobinate. 

Type species: Hadena indistans Guenee, 1852. Figures 201, 203, 204. The gender of the generic 
name is fennnine. 

The following species are also included in Eutamsia: 



Xylina breviuscnla Walker, 1858 

Hadena consummate! Walker, 1857 

Hadena inextricans Walker, 1858 

Apamea macrostigma Snellen, 1880 

Mamestra thoracica Walker, 1858 

Hadena tidipifera Saalmuller, 1891 

Hadena confundens Walker, 1857 

Apamea connivens Felder, 1874 

Trachea dinavana Hampson, 1908 

Trachea discisignata Wileman & West, 1920 

Hadena siderifera Moore, 1881 

Trachea seenrifera Wileman & West, 1929 

Trachea peridelea Wileman & West, 1929 



Hadena distans Moore, 1882 
Trachea Icucura Hampson, 19 14 
Trachea nigribarbata Hampson, 1908 
Trachea phocnicolopha Hampson, 1914 
Trachea niveipuncta Hampson, 191 1 
Trachea hyposcota Hampson, 191 1 
Mamestra opposita Walker, 1865 
Coudica snbnigrata Warren, 1912 
Xylophasia leucostigma Moore, 1867 
Condica albiorbis Warren, 1912 
Condica albilineata Warren, 1912 
Condica conotata Warren, 1912 
Perigea africana Schaus, 1893 



It is with pleasure that I name this genus in honour of Mr. W. H. T. Tarns, in appreciation of 
his frequent help and advice always so willingly given. 



Eutamsia subsagula sp.n. (Figures 32, 205, 206) 

(J 38 mm. Similar in size and in colour and pattern of uppcrside of wings to Eutamsia consummata 
(Walker) ; distinguished at once from this and other known African species of the genus by the 
underside of each wing which, proximad of the subterminal fascia, is densely suffused with 
vinaceous brown. 

Genitalia. Valve and aedeagus as illustrated. 

Related to Eutamsia indistans (Guenee) (Figures 201, 203, 204); distinguished by its larger size 
(indistans has a wing-span of 34-36 mm.), by the darker and greater extent of the vinaceous 
suffusion on the underside of the wings and by the genitalia. In indistans the valve is of almost 
even width and the basal half of the ventral margin bears a dense cluster of long, slender spines. 

ruwenzori: Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), holotype <^in the British Museum; 
Mobuku Valley, Nyinabitaba, 2600 m., 1 i.iv.1948 (A Holm), 2 ^ in the Riksmuseum, Stockholm. 



Euplexia pericalles sp.n. (Figures 27, 28, 217, 218) 

35-42 mm. Vestiture, except abdominal, black; some scales tipped with white; metathoracic 
crest white. Abdomen drab suffused with fuscous, crests black tipped with white. Fore wing glass 



200 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

green (brighter green in fresh specimens); reniform and costal area immediately anterior and 
distad of it, iron grey; pattern variable and black, as illustrated. Underside fuscous black, very 
lightly irrorate with white to light buff; proximal third of inner margin and anterior half of 
discocellular light buff; four white dots are situate equidistantly along distal third of costa; 
postmedial fascia darker than ground colour, ill-defined. Hind wing fuscous black; three black 
and two white spots, situate alternately, on distal third of vein Cu 2 ; cilia white. Underside fuscous 
black very lightly irrorate with white to light buff; cell spot and postmedial fascia darker than 
ground colour, ill-defined. 

Male genitalia. Apical half of uncus bifid, each arm tapered and densely long-scaled dorsally. 
Subscaphium sclcrotized and bearing two slender, hooked processes, one four times as long as 
the other. Valve and aedeagus as illustrated; vesica bears a cluster of short, stout teeth apicad and 
a single tapered cornutus. 

Female genitalia as illustrated. 

Closely related to E. augens (Felder, 1874), differing in the larger size, in the bright green 
ground colour and striking black pattern of the fore wing, especially in the shape of the medial 
band, which resembles that off. albovittata Moore (1867) and of E. ilhistrata Graeser (1888) from 
the palaearctic and oriental regions, and in the genitalia of both sexes; in the male of pcricalles 
the cornutus is one-fifth as long as the aedeagus and almost one-third as long as the aedeagus in 
augens; in the female of augens the ductus bursae contains a strongly sclerotized lobe that is 
wanting in pcricalles; in augens the anterior edge of the genital plate is bilobate. 

The male genitalia of augens are illustrated byjanse, 1937-40, Moths of S. Africa, 3:75, Figure 
25. 

ruwenzori: iv.1948, 1 $ in the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi; Namwamba Valley, 10,200 
ft., xii.1934-i.193 5 (Edivards), 1 1 $; Nyamaleju, 10,530 ft., 14-19.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 2 5 $; 
Bigo, 11,400 ft., 20-22.vii.1952 {Fletcher), 2 2 including holotype and allotype in the British 
Museum; Bukurungu Valley, 3700 m., 5.^.1948 (A. Holm), 1 in the Riksmuseum, Stockholm; 
Kimemba Camp, 11,900 ft., i.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 4 $; Bukurungu River, 12,550 ft., 29- 
30.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 $ in the British Museum. 

Procus pachydetis sp.n. (Figures 207, 210) 

cj 26 mm. Tibiae, tarsi and femora long-scaled, deep brownish vinaceous. Wings shmlar in 
colour and pattern to P. instructa (Walker, 1865). Fore whig snuff brown; medial area irregularly 
defined in bister; reniform and orbicular spots white irregularly inarkcd with light drab. Under- 
side drab irrorate along costa with light buff; proximal two-thirds of wing covered with light 
buff, appressed scales posterior of submedial fold. Hind whig bister, pale in proximal fourth; 
cell spot and postmedial fascia darker, but poorly defined. Underside similar, but with cell spot 
and postmedial fascia clearly defined. 

Genitalia. Uncus triangular, the spine-like apex produced and up-curved; dorsal surface bears 
long, coarse, spine-like hair-scales. Ninth tergum densely spined anteriorly at each side. Juxta 
broad-based and tapered apicad. Ventral margin of valve slightly produced at apex and strongly 
spined; apical fourth of valve with a longitudinal ridge, at anterior end of which is situate a 
slender, digitate process ; two further clusters of stout spines are situate medially, one in medial 
third and one in apical third. Aedeagus as illustrated; vesica minutely scobinate with a weakly 
sclerotized, folded band apicad. 



Noctuidae 201 

Closely similar to P. ambigua (Walker, 1858), but with darker, more uniformly dark brown 
hind wings; reliably determined only by genitalia. 

ruwenzori : Ibanda, 4700 ft., 4-12.ix.1952 (Fletcher), holotype 

Procus agelasta sp.n. (Figures 212, 215) 

^ 24 mm. Closely similar in colour and pattern to the preceding species, but readily distinguished 
by the genitalia. On the fore wing the appressed, light buff scaling on the underside is less exten- 
sive and the hind whig is uniformly bister, not becoming pale at base. 

Genitalia. Uncus triangular; spine-like apex produced and up-curved; dorsal surface bears 
sparse, long hair-scales. Juxta heart-shaped. Valve shaped as illustrated; a broad, strongly sclero- 
tized process with a sharply tapered tip extends across middle of valve; a slender, digitate process 
is situate just posterior of it. Aedeagus as illustrated; vesica scobinate medially and bearing a 
slender, sinuous cornutus almost as long as the aedeagus and a slender sclerotized band apicad. 

ruwenzori : BwambaPass (West side), 5500-7500 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edivards), holotype J. 

The British Museum series of Procus ambigua (Walker, 1858) was found to consist of a mixture 
of several species, closely similar in colour and pattern, but distinct in the genitalia of both sexes. 
The four aberrations of ambigua described, but not named, by Hampson (1908, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae 
B.M., 7:384) and subsequently named by Strand (1916, Arch. Naturgesch., 81 An: 154) have 
proved to be distinct species. These four new species are described and illustrated in the following 
pages. 

Procus decinerea sp.n. (Figures 211, 214) 

Oligia ambigua Walker, Hampson, 1908, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 7:384, ab. 1. 
Oligia ambigua ab. decinerea Strand, 1916, Arch. Naturgesch., 81 An: 154. 

Juxta broad-based, apical half narrowed to one-half; apex trilobate. Valve shaped as illustrated; 
ventral half folded dorsad, with a spiculate, semi-circular projection. Vesica with a small cornutus 
medially and a tapered, sclerotized fold apically. 

B. e. Africa : Masai, E Quaso, 2.xi.i900 (C. S. Betton), holotype (J; ibid., 24.X.1900, 1 q\ 

Procus ambiguella sp.n. (Figures 33, 208) 

Oligia ambigua Walker, Hampson, 1908, loc. cit., ab. 2. 
Oligia ambigua ab. ambiguella Strand, 1916, loc. cit. 

Ductus bursae sclerotized, except at posterior extremity, and folded as illustrated. Bursa 
copulatrix membranous with weakly spiculate ribbing. 

b. e. Africa : Mile 478 Uganda Railway, 11.xi.1900 (C. S. Betton), holotype $. 

Procus subambigua sp.n. (Figures 34, 209) 

Oligia ambigua Walker, Hampson, 1908, loc. cit., ab. 3. 
Oligia ambigua ab. subambigua Strand, 1916, loc. cit. 



202 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

Ductus bursae sclerotized and spiculate in posterior half. Bursa copulatrix consisting of two 
membranous sacks minutely spiculate at point of union. This is the only species of Procus so far 
examined with a fully developed secondary sack. 

natal : Durban, xi.1901 {Leigh), holotype 

nord transvaal : Zoutpansberg, Shilouvane, 1906 (H. A.Junod), 1 

Procus tripunctata sp.n. (Figures 35, 213, 216) 

Oligia ambigua Walker, Hampson, 1908, loc. cit., ab. 4. 
Oligia ambigua ab. tripunctata Strand, 1916, loc. cit. 

Apex of juxta with a broad medial and two slender lateral projections. Apical third of valve 
folded and densely covered with slender spines. Vesica partially scobinate and bearing a long, 
slender, tapered cornutus. 

b. e. Africa : Nairowa, 5.ix.i900 (C. S. Bctton), holotype 

Procus atrivitta (Hampson) 
Oligia atrivitta Hampson, 1914, Aim. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 13:153. 
Uganda: Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 1 
Distribution: Gold Coast. 

Appana cinisigna (Joannis) 
Conservula cinisigna Joannis, 1906, Ann. Soc. ent. Fr., 75:170, Plate 9:2. 
ruwenzori: Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

Distribution: Mauritius; Cape Colony; Natal; Transvaal; Nyasaland; Belgian Congo. 

Appana furca sp.n. (Figures 31, 219, 221, 225) 

o*§ 37-42 mm. Vestiture and fore wing, including cilia, variable in colour, pale vinaceous fawn 
to pale greyish vinaceous suffused with fuscous. Medial area of fore wing, posterior of radius 
and excluding fused orbicular and reniform spots which are tilleul buff irrorate with black, 
tawny olive to bister irrorate with black ; small area of similar colour at one-third inner margin ; 
termen, and in some examples veins distad of medial area, slenderly black. Hind wing tilleul buff 
to light buff more or less irrorate with bister; cell spot and postmedial fascia bister, ill-defined; 
termen slenderly bister ; cilia as on fore wing. Underside of fore and hind wings light buff; 
proximal half of each wing irrorate with buff-pink to deep brownish vinaceous and, on the fore 
wing, with bister; cell spots heavily marked; postmedial fasciae ill-defined, bister. 

Male genitalia. Uncus simple and tapered. Juxta and valve as illustrated. Vesica without 
cornuti. 

Female genitalia as illustrated. 

Similar in colour to A. cinisigna (Joannis, 1906), but distinguished by the pattern of the fore 
wing and the genitalia of both sexes. 

ruwenzori: 6100 ft. (R. Gunnis), 1 $; Namwamba Valley, 10,200 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 j 
(Edwards), 1 Nyamaleju, 10,530 ft., 14-19.vii.1952 (Fletcher), holotype $ and allotype $. 



Noctuidae 



Tracheplexia schista sp.n. (Figures 29, 30, 222, 223) 

36-38 mm. Vestiture, except abdomen, bister with a slight vinaceous tone; abdomen dark 
olive buff mixed with light drab, crests as thorax. Fore wing deep brownish drab ; medial area, 
posterior of radius and excluding reniform and orbicular spots, bister to sayal brown, variable in 
strength of marking; subterminal fascia dark olive buff edged anteriorly with bister; reniform 
outlined in dark ohve buff; area between veins Mi and M 3 usually pale; veins irrorate with black; 
cilia deep brownish drab edged proximally with deep ohve buff, though this conspicuous edging 
is sometimes reduced to dots at vein ends. Hind wing almost uniformly bister, paling a little 
basad; cilia bister edged proximally with deep olive buff. Underside bister evenly irrorate with 
deep olive buff, except at apex of fore wing and along anal margin of hind wing; pale irroration 
dense on proximal half of each wing. 

Male genitalia. Uncus divided just beyond base; dorsal arm finely tapered, twice as long as 
ventral arm. A pair of membranous, digitate processes extend posteriorly from base of ninth 
segment, just posterior of base of dorsal margin of valve, one at each side. Juxta heart-shaped 
with a short projection medio-posteriorly. Valve as illustrated. Vesica without cornuti. 

Female genitalia as illustrated; ductus bursae dilate and spiral. 

Closely related to T. lucia (Felder, 1874); differs markedly in colour and pattern; differs also in 
the shape of the valve and the presence of a medio-dorsal projection on the juxta. The female 
genitalia of the two species do not appear to differ. The male genitalia of lucia are figured bv 
Janse, 1937-40, Moths of S. Africa, 3:72, Figure 24. 

ruwenzori: (R. Gunnis), 1 $; ibid., 6100 ft., 2 $; Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 
(Fletcher), 12 5 9, including holotype and allotype; Nakitawa ( = Nyinabitaba), 8700 ft.. 
23.ii.1924 (R. Gunnis), 1^,1$, all in the British Museum; Mobuku Valley, Nyinabitaba, 2600 m., 
11.iv.1948 (A. Holm), 3 $ in the Riksmuscum, Stockholm; Namwamba Valley, 10,200 ft. 
(Edwards), 4 1 $ in the British Museum. 

Tracheplexia schista tenuiata subsp.n. (Figure 224) 

<J§ 34-35 mm. Differs from the nominate subspecies in the narrower, differently shaped valve 
with its shorter, tapered medial process. 

mount Cameroon : Musake, 6350 ft., 8-i3.i.i932 (M. Steele), 1 J, 2 $, including holotype 
and allotype; Mt. Cameroon, c. 1950 m., 4.^.1958 (J.Birkct-Sniith), 1 

Three similarly slightly smaller specimens with almost equally narrow valves in the male 
genitalia were collected on Ruwenzori, two at lower elevations than the nominate subspecies: 
Ibanda, 4700 ft., 20-2 i.viii. 1952 (Fletcher), 1 Bwamba Pass, 5500-7500 ft., xii. 1934-^1935 
(Edwards), 1 $; Misigo, 8550 ft., 2-3.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 $. 

Callopistria dascia sp.n. (Figures 25, 220) 

6* 28-30 mm. Antenna very shortly ciliate. Legs without specialized tufts. Abdomen mouse 
grey; remainder of vestiture a mixture of pale pinkish buff, vinaceous brown and bister. Fore 
wing warm sepia; basal eighth (anterior of anal vein), subbasal area (between submedial fold and 
anal vein), medial area (posterior of radius and excluding reniform and orbicular spots), sub- 
terminal area (between costa and vein Mi and between M 2 and M 3 ) bister; proximal third. 



204 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

between anal vein and inner margin, mouse grey; submedial fold in subbasal area conspicuously 
light buff; antemedial fascia light buff, failing at anal vein; ante- and postmedial fasciae pale 
vinaceous fawn and double, postmedial broadening posteriorly; dentate subterminal fascia failing 
at vein Mi, diagonal streak in terminal area between veins M 3 and Cui, and interrupted terminal 
fascia white; reniform and orbicular spots pale-ringed; a cinnamon spot in subterminal area on 
vein Mi. Underside uniformly fuscous; distal third of costa with five equidistant, light buff 
spots. Hind wing tilleul buff suffused with mouse grey, densely terminad; cell spot and postmedial 
fascia mouse grey. Underside tilleul buff lightly irrorate with fuscous; cell spot, postmedial fascia 
and termen fuscous; subterminal area very pale between veins. 

Genitalia. Uncus almost triangular in section, with dorsal ridge, narrowed at base and abruptly 
tapered at apex. Valve slender, narrowed slightly medially, simple. Aedeagus with a sclerotized 
plate ventrally ; vesica with three clusters of spines, as illustrated. 

A species distinct in wing pattern and in the ornamentation of the vesica. 

ruwenzori : Mahoma River, 6700 ft., 13-16.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 
7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), holotype 

Callopistria maillardi (Gucnee) 

Eriopus maillardi Guenee, 1862, in Maillard, Note file Reunion, Annexe G:39, Plate 22:8. 
Callopistria recurvata Moore, 1882, Descr. Lep. Ins. Coll. Atkinson, 144. 
Callopistria rectilinea Saalmiiller, 1891, Lep. Madagascar, 374. 
Callopistria intermissa Saalmiiller, 1891, torn, cit., 376. 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 

Distribution: Africa; Madagascar; Mauritius; Sokotra; India; Hong Kong; Ceylon to New 
Guinea. 

Cetola pulchra (B .-Baker) 
Phalerodes pulchra B.-Baker, 1911, Ami. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 8:516. 
Uganda: Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. (Fletcher), 1 q*. 
Distribution: Angola; Kenya; Nyasaland; Rhodesia; Natal. 

Chiripha orestera Tarns 
Chiripha orestera Tarns, 1930. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (10) 5:489, Plate 18:8. 
kenya : Aberdare Range, Nyeri Track, 10,500-11,000 ft., Senecio aberdaricus (Edwards), 1 $. 
Distribution: Kenya (Aberdare Range); Tanganyika (E. Meru). 

Prodenia litura (Fabricius) 
Noctua litura Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Ent., 601. 

Prodenia litura Fabricius, Fletcher, 1957, Nat. Hist. Rennell I., 2 (15): 40 (synonymy). 
ruwenzori : Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 1 q*. 

Distribution: S.E. Europe; Africa; Madagascar; Mauritius; Oriental region; Malaya to 
Australia; Pacific islands; Hawaiian islands. 



Noctuidae 



205 



Spodoptera triturata (Walker) 
Caradrina triturata Walker, 1856, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 10:295. 

Spodoptera triturata Walker, Fletcher, 1956, Bull. ent. Res., 47 (2) '.217, Figures 3, 6, 7, 9, 10. 
kenya : Kitale (Jackson), 1 $. 

Distribution : Continental Africa south of the Sahara. 

Athetis melanosema Hampson 

Athetis melanopis Hampson, 1909, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 8:351, Plate 130:23. 
Athetis melanosema Hampson, 1914, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 13:158. 

ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

Distribution: Belgian Congo; Kenya; Rhodesia. 

The Ibanda specimen has the black orbicular spot reduced to a dot; the genitalia, however, 
match those of normally marked specimens. 

Paradrina signa sp.n. (Figures 36, 226-228) 

Athetis nitens Saalmiiller Hampson nec Saalmiiller, 1909, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 8:359. 
0*$ 24-25 mm. Antenna ciliate; male cilia slightly shorter than diameter of shaft; female cilia 
minute. Male. Palpus tilleul buff irrorate with hair brown. Frons, vertex and thorax long-scaled, 
the scales tilleul buft at base and apex, medially hair brown. Abdomen light buff irrorate with hair 
brown. Fore wing snuff brown irrorate with hair brown and fuscous ; reniform and orbicular 
spots and broad, transverse fasciae ill-defined and hair brown; a slender, fuscous black fascia is 
situate distad of and parallel to antemedial fascia; another distad of postmedial fascia; a patch of 
tawny scales at distal edge of reniform; cilia hair brown, slenderly tilleul buff proximally. Hind 
wing tilleul buff irrorate with hair brown, the irroration forming a broad, even band on distal 
third of wing; cell spot weakly marked, hair brown. Female. Fore wing almost uniformly bister; 
ante- and postmedial fasciae slender and black ; reniform and orbicular spots, the former tawny 
medially, outlined in black. Hind wing more evenly and densely suffused with dark scaling. 

Male genitalia. Uncus simple and tapered. Juxta and shghtly asymmetrical valves shaped as 
illustrated. Aedeagus with a slender, scobinate band along posterior half of ventral surface. Vesica 
with a sclerotized area posteriorly, close to which is situate a slender band of short spines; 
interiorly, minutely scobinate. 

Female genitalia as illustrated. 

Related to P. eugraphis Janse (1937, Moths of S. Africa, 3:276, figs.), from which it is most 
-eliably separated by the genitalia. 

The Ruwenzori specimens differ shghtly in the male genitalia, the apex of the left valve being 
)nly one-half as broad as that of the type. 

kenya: Aberdare Range, Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft., x.1934 (Edwards), 39 <§, 6 $, including 
lolotype and allotype; ibid. (J. Ford), 2 E Quaso, Masai, 28.x-3.xi.1900 (C. S. Betton), 2 
; Mile 478 Uganda Railway, 19.xi.1900 (C. S. Betton), 1 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edwards), 3 Namwamba Valley, 6500 ft. 
Edwards), 3 q\ 



206 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 



Elyptron ethiopica (Hampson) comb. n. 
Calymtiia ethiopica Hampson, 1909, Trans, zool. Soc. Lond., 19:107, Plate 4:14. 
ruwenzori: Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 2 
Distribution: Ruwenzori; Belgian Congo (Costermansville) ; Cameroons (Lolodorf). 

Elyptron leucosticta (Hampson) comb.n. 

Athetis leucosticta Hampson, 1909, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 8:323, Plate 129:26. 
Athctis leucosticta ab. subleucosticta Strand, 1916, Arch. Naturgesch., 81 An: 160. 

ruwenzori: Mahoma River, 6700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $; Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft. (Fletcher), 8 

Distribution : Kenya. 

Elyptron sp. 

Uganda : Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $ (Noctuidae genitalia slide No. 2379). 

Ethiopica acrothecta sp.n. (Figures 38, 229-231) 

0*$ 22-26 mm. Antenna minutely ciliate. Palpus one and one-half times as long as diameter of 
eye. Abdomen drab ; remainder of vestiturc and crest on first abdominal segment fuscous, scales 
tipped with white. Fore wing: proximal two-thirds, anterior of cubitus, and veins fuscous 
irrorate with white-tipped scales ; remainder of wing cinnamon brown ; reniform and orbicular 
spots outlined with white-tipped scales; termen slenderly fuscous; cilia a tone paler. Hind wing 
light buff; in the female the wing is suffused with fuscous; termen slenderly fuscous; cilia light 
buff proximally, drab distally. 

Male genitalia. Uncus tapered and equal in length to greatest width of aedeagus. Saccus 
almost square. Juxta, valve and aedeagus as illustrated. Vesica with a broad, partially folded band 
of spines in apical half and minutely scobinate in posterior half. 

Female genitalia as illustrated. 

Related to E. aenictopus (B.-Baker, 191 1), here transferred from Elydna; differs in the ciliate 
antennae, in the contrasted cinnamon brown and fuscous pattern of the fore wing and in the 
structure of the genitalia. 

This and the following species differ from the Hampson conception of Ethiopica in having a 
functional proboscis and ciliate antennae; the male genitalia differ in the square, truncate saccus. 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft., xii. 1934-1.193 5 (Edwards), 1 J 1 ; Ibanda, 4700 ft., 4-12.ix.1952 
(Fletcher), holotype $ and allotype 

Uganda: Mabera Forest, Kyagive, Mulange, iv-viii.1919 (R. A. Dummer), 2 Ankole, 
26. v. 1929 (J. Gastrell), 1 

lake kivu : Ruanda Dist., 7000 ft., xii.1921 (T. A. Barns), 1 

Ethiopica eclecta sp.n. (Figures 232, 233) 

o* 24 mm. Antenna and palpus as in preceding species. Vestiture tilleul buff irrorate with drab. 
Fore wing tilleul buff irrorate with bister; medial area and broad, subterrninal shade densely 



Noctuidae 207 

bister; orbicular spot white; reniform white, medially ochraceous tawny; a few ochraceous 
tawny scales on vein Mi, just distad of discocellulars ; cilia bister with minute tilleul buff spots 
between veins. Hind wing tilleul buff sparsely but evenly irrorate with cinnamon brown. 

Genitalia. Uncus tapered apicad, two-fifths as long as aedeagus. Saccus broadly rounded. 
Juxta, valve and aedeagus as illustrated. Vesica slenderly scobinate and sclerotized apically; a 
cluster of short, weak spines is situate medially. 

Similar in pattern to several species of Ethiopica, such as poliastra Hampson (1909), atpricolor 
Hampson (1902) and leucostigma B.-Baker (191 1), in the conspicuous discal spots, but distinguish- 
able by the structure of the antennae and the genitalia. 

Uganda : Fort Portal, 5000 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edwards), holotype 

Ethiopica glaucochroa sp.n. (Figures 39, 234, 235) 

(J 25 mm. Antenna ciliate; cilia equal in length to diameter of shaft. Palpus one and one-half 
times as long as diameter of eye. Palpus, frons, vertex and thorax black, scales tipped with white; 
tegulae cinnamon brown, scales tipped with white. Fore wing tilleul buff irrorate with cinnamon 
brown and bister; costa irrorate with black; reniform and orbicular spots cinnamon brown 
outlined with pale vinaceous fawn, ill-defined; transverse fasciae cinnamon brown, slender and 
weakly marked; between postmedial and subterminal fasciae there is a row of bister dots on the 
veins; similar terminal dots between the veins; cilia bister, scales tipped with white. Hind wing 
light buff; costa, apex and cilia in apical area lightly tinged with cinnamon brown. 

Genitalia. Uncus of even width to slightly broadened and spatulate apex. Saccus broadly 
rounded. Juxta, valve and aedeagus as illustrated. Vesica without cornuti. 

Colour of wings and structure of genitalia show this to be a distinctive and possibly isolated 
species in the genus. 

lake kivu : Ruanda Dist., Rugege Forest, 8000 ft., xii.1921 (T. A. Barns), holotype 

Perigea conducta (Walker) 

Caradrina conducta Walker, 1856, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 10:296. 

Perigea inexacta Walker, 1865, op. cit., 32:682. 

Perigea conducta Walker, Berio, 1955, Boll. Soc. ent. ital., 85:19. 

Kenya : Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft. (Edwards), 1 $. 

Distribution: Africa south of the Sahara; Madagascar. 

Perigea pauperata (Walker) 

Hadena paupcrata Walker, 1858, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 15:1727. 
Hadcna leonina Walker, 1865, op. cit., 33:735. 

Perigea meleagris Saalmiiller, 1891, Lep. Madagascar, 2:271, Plate 13:228. 

Hadena aenea Saalmiiller, 1891, torn, cit., 315, Plate 11:205. 

Perigea capensis Guence Berio nec Guenee, 1955, Boll. Soc. ent. ital., 85:19. 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 $. 

Uganda: Kalinzu Forest (Jackson), 1 $. 

Distribution: Sao Thome; Africa south of the Sahara; Madagascar; Mauritius; Seychelles Is.; 
Sokotra. 



208 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 



Atimaea ethiopica (Hampson) comb.n. 
Trichoridia ethiopica Hampson, 1907, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (7) 19:257. 
Kenya: Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft. (Edwards), 1 q\ 
Distribution: Kenya (Aberdare Range). 

Androlymnia torsivena (Hampson) 
Verdana torsivena Hampson, 1902, Ann. S. Afr. Mus., 2:376. 
Uganda : Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 1 q\ 
Distribution: W. Africa; Belgian Congo; Kenya to Cape Colony. 

Calymnia natalensis A. E. Prout 
Calymnia natalensis A. E. Prout, 1925, Entomologist, 58:214. 
Uganda: Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

Differs from the hitherto unique type female from Pinetown, Natal, in the sharp angling of 
the postmedial fascia on vein Mi and its close approximation to the antemedial fascia at the inner 
margin. Only further material can show the value of these differences. 

Plusiophaes argosticta sp.n. (Figures 240, 241) 

o* 34 mm. Antenna ciliate; cilia slightly less than one and one-half times as long as diameter of 
shaft. Palpus twice as long as diameter of eye. Frons white lightly irrorate with chestnut brown. 
Scape white. Palpus chestnut brown irrorate with white. Head and thorax tawny; basal half of 
patagia ferruginous; tegulae tipped with pinkish buff. Abdomen drab, crest on second segment 
chestnut brown. Fore wing chestnut brown; a diagonal band extending from one-third costa 
to one-fourth inner margin and a broad, ill-defmed subterminal band are suffused with light 
vinaceous fawn. Underside bister suffused with chestnut brown costally, especially apicad; inner 
margin light buft proximally; termen irrorate with white, lightly except at tornus where a small, 
white patch is formed; medial area white between discal and submedial folds. Hind wing chestnut 
brown in anterior third, remainder bister; proximal half of wing, except basal fifth, white between 
discal and submedial folds; cilia white opposite discal area. Underside similar to upperside, but 
anterior third of wing and termen lightly irrorate with white and a bister cell spot is strongly 
marked at anterior edge of white, medial patch. 

Genitalia. Uncus tapered and simple. Saccus slightly narrowed and rounded anteriorly. Juxta 
and valve shaped as illustrated; base of dorsal margin of valve minutely scobinate. Vesica with aj 
patch of slender spines near base and a patch of shorter, stouter spines near apex. 

Related to P. eremita (Holland, 1894) and similar in general appearance to a large specimen ol 
that species ; the shape of the juxta and the ornamentation of the vesica are, however, quite 
distinctive. 

ruwenzori: Namwamba Valley, 6500 ft., xii. 1934-L193 5 (Edwards), holotype 



Noctuidae 209 

The following species are congeneric with Plusiophaes metallica A. E. Prout (1921) and are here 
transferred from Catephia in the Ophiderinae: 

Aedia apicata Holland, 1894 Catephia bipuncta Hampson, 1902 

media costitnacula Holland, 1894 Catephia scotaea Hampson, 1926 

Aedia eremita Holland, 1894 Catephia thermotis Hampson, 1926 

Eutelephia aurcopicta (Kenrick, 1917) is closely related to Plusiophaes, possibly congeneric with it. 

Hygrostola homomunda sp.n. (Figures 37, 236-239) 

q 1 40-45 mm. ; $ 45-50 mm. Antenna ciliate ; male cilia equal in length to diameter of shaft ; female 
cilia minute. Palpus light buft irrorate with fuscous, very lightly on terminal segment. Remainder 
of vestiture light to warm buff; abdomen densely irrorate with fuscous dorsally. Fore wing light 
buff in most examples, cinnamon buft in two males, in each case very lightly irrorate with 
fuscous; antemedial fascia represented by two black dots, one on cubitus and one on anal vein; 
postmedial fascia represented by black dots on veins ; subterminal fascia similarly marked, when 
present; terminal interneural dots black; apical streak, cubitus and sometimes proximal fourth 
of submedial fuscous ; reniform and orbicular spots fuscous, but like much of pattern varying in 
definition and intensity of marking. Underside light buff; anterior half of proximal two-thirds, 
except costa, fuscous; terminal interneural dots fuscous. Hind wing fuscous; cilia light buft" to 
cinnamon buff. Underside light buff, usually immaculate ; in some examples the costa is lightly 
irrorate with fuscous; cell spots and terminal interneural dots weakly fuscous. Reminiscent in 
wing-shape, colour and pattern of Orthosia munda (Schiffermuller) in the Hadeninae. 

Male genitalia. Uncus slightly broadened in apical fourth, then tapered; dorsally densely hair- 
scaled. Juxta, valve and aedeagus shaped as illustrated. Vesica with two stout cornuti. 

Female genitalia. Ostium bursae partially minutely spined; the whole shaped as illustrated. 

Paler and less well patterned than the Indian representative of the genus, H. robitsta (Hampson, 
1894). Male genitalia differ in the development of the process at base of cucullus and in longer, 
stout cornuti. Female of robusta not known. 

ruwenzori : Misigo, 8550ft., 2-3.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 $; Nyinabitaba, 8650ft., 7-13.vii.1952 
[Fletcher), 2 (J, 4 including holotype and allotype; Nakitawa ( = Nyinabitaba), 8700 ft., 23 .ft. 
1924 (R. Gunnis), 1 o . 

A large female (wing-span 62 mm.) from Kenya (Aberdare Range, Mt. Kinangop, 10,000 ft., 
26.x. 1934, J. Ford) has genitalia closely similar to those of H. homomunda. 

Sciomesa nyei sp.n. (Figures 48, 242, 243) 

J 24 mm. Remarkably similar in colour and pattern to Manga melanodonta (Hampson, 1910). 
-ore wing pinkish buff lightly irrorate with hair brown proximad of black, lunulate and distally 
Dowed antemedial fascia; distal two-thirds of inner margin, broad, diagonal, apical streak and 
:onspicuous subterminal fascia which extends from it unbroken to inner margin, all light buff; 
emainder of wing hair brown irrorate with fuscous along costa and with tawny in distal third; 
eniform and orbicular spots outlined with, and postmedial fascia slenderly, black; terminal inter- 
leural lunules black; cilia hair brown, slenderly pale proximally. Underside light buff lightly 
rrorate with hair brown; cell spot, postmedial and subterminal fasciae broad, faintly marked and 

i 



210 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

ill-defined; terminal interneural lunules and cilia as on upperside. Hind wing light buff lightly 
irrorate, except along posterior half of termen, with hair brown, the irroration forming broad, 
ill-defined postmedial and subterminal fasciae; cell spot hair brown; cilia light buff. Underside 
light buff irrorate with hair brown along costa; cell spot, anterior half of postmedial fascia and 
streak along discal fold hair brown. 

Genitalia. Uncus with tapered tip depressed. Valve and aedeagus as illustrated. 

The pattern and the structure of the genitalia make this a distinctive species in Sciomesa. 

It is with pleasure that I name this species in honour of Dr. I. W. B. Nye, in token acknowledge- 
ment of his help in determining the Sciomesa-Sesamia-Busscola material collected by the two 
expeditions on Ruwenzori. 

ruwenzori: Bugoye, 4500 ft., 5-10. ix.1952 (Fletcher), holotype 

Sciomesa venata sp.n. (Figures 45, 244, 245) 

o* 38 mm. Frons rounded. Palpus hair brown with some pinkish buff scaling beneath. Vestiture 
pinkish buff, abdomen irrorate with hair brown; tegulae hair brown. Fore whig: veins bister 
edged with light buff; interspaces bister; proximal third of posterior half suffused with bister; 
termen slenderly bister; cilia light buff proximally, hair brown distally. Underside warm buff; 
proximal two-thirds suffused with hair brown; terminal interneural spots bister; cilia as upperside. 
Hind wing light buff lightly irrorate with hair brown. Underside similar, but with a warm buff 
ground colour. 

Genitalia. Uncus slightly broadened at three-fourths and then narrowed; apex truncate. Valve 
and aedeagus as illustrated. 

Closely related to 5. mesoscia (Hampson, 1918), differing in the longer, more tapered, mem- 
branous apical part of the valve and in the differently shaped cornuti. 

ruwenzori : Misigo, 8550 ft., 2-3.viii.1952 (Fletcher), holotype <J. 

The frons in Sciomesa appears to be a variable character. In the S. mesoscia complex it ranges 
from a well-produced corneal protuberance with a rounded apex to a short, sharply pointed 
projection. Two specimens from Ruanda, with genitalia almost identical to those of mesoscia, 
have the frons smoothly rounded. 

Sciomesa cyclophora sp.n. (Figures 49, 246, 247) 

6* 30—34 mm. Antenna lamellate and shortly ciliate; cilia slightly subequal to diameter of shaft. 
Frons rounded. Palpus fuscous with a few light buff scales. Vertex and patagia hair brown to 
fuscous. Thorax and dorsum light buff irrorate with hair brown; venter vinaceous brown irrorate 
with hair brown. Fore wing light buff to light ochraceous buff; posterior half of medial area; 
suffused with tawny, anterior half with tawny and fuscous ; ante- and postmedial fasciae slender, 
and black; cubitus, medial, cubital and anal veins chequered black and white; orbicular spot 
tawny, but not always defined; reniform white, tawny medially, black proximally and distally;, 
a slightly arcuate, tawny fascia extends from termen at vein Mi to termen at vein Ai; proximal 
half of cilia chequered tawny and fuscous; distal half fuscous. Hind wing light to warm buff' 
more or less irrorate with fuscous, except at termen between veins M 3 and Cu 2 ', ciha concolorous 
with ground colour of wing with a slender, fuscous fascia dividing the anterior half. Underside 
of both wings warm buff more or less suffused with deep brownish vinaceous and fuscous; 
postmedial fascia and cell spot on each wing fuscous; cell spot on hind wing strongly marked 



Noctuidae 



211 



Genitalia. Uncus tapered; juxta tapered anteriorly, broadly excised and shortly bilobate pos- 
teriorly. Valve shaped as illustrated; basal half of dorsal margin sclerotized and crenulate at edge. 
Aedeagus as illustrated. 

One of the few species in the Sciomesa-Busseola-Sesamia group readily distinguished by colour 
and pattern. The crenulate edge to the basal half of the dorsal margin of the valve affords an 
additional distinctive character. 

ruwenzori: Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13^.1952 (Fletcher), 4 including holotype. 

Uganda: Mt. Mgahinga, 8000 ft., 22-27.xi.1934 (Edwards), 1 

Despite differences in antennal structure, the genitalia appear to indicate a close affinity to the 
genus Sciomesa; for this reason, this and the two following species have to be provisionally placed 
in this genus. 

Sciomesa piscator sp.n. (Figures 42, 248-250) 

o* 29-31 mm. Antenna lamellate and fasciculate, similar to those of Poeonoma serrata (Hampson, 
1910). Frons smoothly rounded. Similar in colour to P. serrata, but differing in having a pattern 
similar to that o£Busseola fusca (Fuller, 1901); subterminal fascia of fore wing conspicuously light 
buff, broken only at the veins and extending from vein R$ to inner margin and edged both proxi- 
mally and distally with black interneural spots, the proximal ones being largest between veins 
Mi and Ctii) orbicular spot hyphen-like. 

Genitalia. Uncus tapered, tip down-curved. Juxta almost heart-shaped, base produced to form 
a stout, hook-shaped process. Valve and aedeagus as illustrated. 

Placed provisionally in Sciomesa, to which the male genitalia show affinity. A female specimen, 
collected with the holotype and provisionally associated with it, has genitalia of the typical 
Sciomesa pattern. 

ruwenzori: Kilembe, 4500 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edwards), holotype ibid. (? huj.sp.), 1 
Uganda: Kampala, ndere borer, em. 4.XL1931 (H. Hargreaves), 1 

Sciomesa argocyma sp.n. (Figures 44, 251-253) 

o* 34 mm. Antenna lamellate and ciliate. Frons smoothly rounded. Palpus and frons tilleul buff 
densely irrorate with fuscous. Patagia fuscous at base, tilleul buff at apex, irrorate with deep 
brownish vinaceous medially; thorax and abdomen tilleul buff irrorate with fuscous. Fore whig 
white; broad medial area, anterior of submedial fold, irrorate with tawny and fuscous, the former 
colour predominating in discal area; basal, ante- and postmedial fasciae marked with a few 
fuscous scales on white ground colour; subterminal fascia drab grey, broad and ill-defined; 
reniform and orbicular spots pale, sparsely irrorate with tawny, rather darker centred; reniform 
with white spot at posterior edge; termen slenderly fuscous between veins; cilia tawny, pale 
proximally. Underside tilleul buff irrorate with hair brown anterior of submedial fold, sparsely 
in distal eighth; postmedial fascia and cell spot faintly marked in a darker shade; termen and ciha 
as on upperside. Hind whig tilleul buff irrorate with hair brown, sparsely in terminal sixth, 
except between medial veins ; termen slenderly darkened ; ciha tilleul buff. Underside tilleul buff 
very lightly irrorate with hair brown, principally along costa and at termen between medial 
veins; cell spot and postmedial fascia hair brown; termen and ciha as on upperside. 
Genitalia. Uncus stout and tapered. Juxta, valve and aedeagus as illustrated. 



212 Ruwetizori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

A distinctive species in both wing pattern and structure of genitalia, without any known close 
relative. 

ruwenzori : Nyamagasani Valley, xii. 1934.-i.1935 (Buxton), holotype 

Poeonoma serrata (Hampson) 

Phragmatiphila serrata Hampson, 1910, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 9:268, Plate 142:31. 
Poeonoma serrata Hampson, Tarns &: Bowden, 1953, Bull. ent. Res., 43 (4) : 65 3 , Figures. 

ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 q\ 

Distribution: Sao Thome; Gold Coast; Nigeria; Kivu; Tanganyika; Uganda. 

Sesamia calamistis Hampson 

Sesamia calamistis Hampson, 1910, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 9:325, Plate 144:18. 

Sesamia mediastriga B.-Baker, 191 1, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 8:518. 

Sesamia calamistis Hampson, Tarns & Bowden, 1953, Bull. ent. Res., 43 (4): 664, Figures. 

ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 2 Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. 
(Edwards), 1 

Uganda: Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

Distribution: W. Africa, Gambia to Angola; Uganda; Kenya to Cape Province; Mascarene 
region. 

Sesamia coniota Hampson 
Sesamia coniota Hampson, 1902, Ami. S. Afr. Mus., 2:297. 

Sesamia coniota Hampson, Tains & Bowden, 1953, Bull. ent. Res., 43 (4): 667, Figures. 
Uganda: Kalinzu Forest (Jackson), 1 q. 
Distribution: S. Rhodesia; Tanganyika. 

Sesamia poebora Tains & Bowden 
Sesamia poebora Tarns &: Bowden, 1953, Bull. ent. Res., 43 (4):670, Figures. 
ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 q\ 
Distribution : Uganda (Kawanda) . 

The fore wing of the Ibanda specimen lacks the distinctive pattern of the type, mentioned in 
the original description. 

Sesamia oriaula Tarns & Bowden 
Sesamia oriaula Tarns & Bowden, 1953, Bull. ent. Res., 43 (4):677, Figures. 
ruwenzori : Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 3 
Uganda: Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 4 q\ 
Distribution : Ruwenzori. 



Noctuidac 



213 



Sesamia fuscifrontia Hampson 
Sesamia fuscifrontia Hampson, 1914, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (8)13:163. 
Uganda: Kalinzu Forest (Jackson), 1 
Distribution: Kenya (Kavirondo). 

Sesamia mesosticha sp.n. (Figures 43, 254-256) 

(J 24-25 mm. ; § 21 mm. Male antenna lamellate and ciliate ; female antenna ciliatc. Vestiture light 
buff to pinkish buff; thoracic hairs fuscous except for very pale tips. Fore wing light buff' to pinkish 
buff" irrorate with light cinnamon drab in the male, but with fawn colour in the female; cubitus 
broadly and conspicuously fuscous; veins fuscous distad of postmedial fascia, which is marked 
by fuscous dots on veins ; antemedial and basal fasciae marked by two or three fuscous dots, or 
sometimes wanting; cilia concolorous with ground colour. Hind wing tilleul buff suffused with 
fuscous ; cilia light buff. 

Male genitalia. Uncus almost one-half as broad as aedeagus, slightly narrowed to rounded 
apex. Juxta almost circular, but truncate at apex. Valve with a tongue-like projection from mid- 
dorsal margin. Aedeagus shaped as illustrated. Vesica with a single scobinate cornutus. 

Female genitalia as illustrated. 

Related to the unique type female of Sesamia rufidorsata (Hampson, 1914), but differing in 
colour and pattern and structurally in having the ductus bursae slenderly sclerotizcd posteriori}-. 

Kenya : Mt. Elgon, i.1932 (Jackson), holotype $\ ibid., x.1934, allotype $; Aberdarc Range, 
Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft., x.1934 (Edwards), 2 

ruwenzori: Kilembe, 4500 ft., xii. 1934-1.193 5 (Edwards), 1 j. 

Sesamia sp. 

Kenya : Aberdarc Range, Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft. (Edwards), 1 worn $ (genitalia slide, Noc- 
tuidae Number 2251). 

Sesamia plagiographa sp.n. (Figures 40, 261-263) 

cJ§ 22 mm. Male and female antennae cihate, cilia subequal to diameter of shaft. Palpus, frons, 
vertex, patagia and tegulae ochraceous buff mixed with hair brown; thorax and abdomen tilleul 
buff to light buff, abdomen irrorate with hair brown. Fore wing ochraceous buff; costal area, 
anterior of radius, light pinkish cinnamon, the area tapering distad to apex; a diagonal fascia of 
a slightly darker shade extends from five-sixths discal fold to five-sixths inner margin ; proximal 
half of submedial fold light pinkish cinnamon irrorate with fuscous; antemedial fascia represented 
by two fuscous spots, one on cubitus, one on anal vein; postmedial fascia marked by dots on veins, 
from Mi to Ai inclusive; tcrmen slenderly fuscous between veins; cilia light pinkish cinnamon, 
darker medially. Hind wing tilleul buff densely irrorate with hair brown; cilia light buff, darker 
medially, at apex and at anal angle. 

Male genitalia. Uncus slightly broadened to rounded, flattened apex. Valve with a scobinate 
and semi-circular projection from mid-dorsal margin. Aedeagus as illustrated. Vesica with a 
weakly sclerotized fold near apex. 

Female genitalia as illustrated. 



214 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

The bright ground colour of the fore wing makes this a conspicuous and distinctive species in 
the genus. 

Uganda : Kalinzu Forest (Jackson), 2 1 including holotype and allotype. 
ruwenzori : Ibanda, 4700 ft., 4-6.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 

Sesamia sciagrapha sp.n. (Figures 41, 257, 258) 

o* 25 mm. Antenna lamellate and ciliate. Palpus, frons and abdomen tilleul buff irrorate with 
fuscous. Vertex and patagia pale ochraceous buff, the long hairs fuscous except for pale tips. 
Thorax fuscous. Fore wing : costal area pale ochraceous buff; remainder light pinkish cinnamon 
irrorate with fuscous, densely in discal area, along veins M 3 , Ctii and Cu 2 and in a terminal arc, 
which tapers at apex and tornus; basal, ante- and postmedial fasciae slender, broken and fuscous; 
three fuscous spots just distad of postmedial fascia, one each on veins Mi, Cu 2 and Ai\ fuscous 
interneural spots in interspaces between veins from Mi to Cui inclusive; reniform and orbicular 
spots faintly outlined in white; a little white irroration in discal area and on veins M3, Ciii and 
Cu 2 ; termen slenderly fuscous, broken at veins ; cilia pale pinkish buff, drab distally . Hind wing 
light buff; three fuscous spots, one each on veins M 3 , Ciii and Cu 2 . Ciha pale ochraceous buff. 

Genitalia. Uncus broadened just before the tapered and narrowly rounded tip. Valve bifurcate; 
dorsal arm membranous ; basal half of ventral margin with two projections, one sharply angled 
apicad, one rounded; a short, digitate process tipped with short hairs is situate medially. Vesica 
with one long spine and three clusters of shorter spines arranged as illustrated. 

Uganda: Kalinzu Forest (Jackson), holotype 

Poecopa mediopuncta Bowden 
Poccopa mediopuncta Bowden, 1956, Bull. ent. Res., 47 (3) 1419, figures. 
ruwenzori: Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Gold Coast. 

The Ruwenzori specimen has a wing-span of 34 mm. and, in addition to its greater size, 
differs slightly from the short type series in having a rather better contrasted wing pattern and 
slightly differently shaped cornutus. 

Manga melanodonta (Hampson) comb.n. 

Calamistis melanodonta Hampson, 1910, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 9:276, Plate 143:8. 
Calamistis nubifcra Hampson, 1910, loc. cit., Plate 143:9. Syn.n. 

ruwenzori: Bugoye, 4500 ft. (Fletcher), 1 Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher). 1 

Distribution: Belgian Congo; Uganda; Kenya; Rhodesia; Transvaal; Natal. 

Manga belophora sp.n. (Figures 46, 259, 260) 

o* 32 mm. Antenna bipectinate, pectinations shortening apicad. Palpus and frons black with a 
few hght buff scales ; remainder of vestiture light buff irrorate with hair brown. Fore wing : 
anterior of cubitus hght buff lightly irrorate with hair brown, except on veins which are con- 
spicuously pale; posterior of cubitus densely irrorate with hair brown; medial third of inner 



Noctuidac 215 

margin, proximal half of submedial fold, reniform and orbicular spots, basal, ante- and postmcdial 
fasciae, marked only at costa, black; discal and submedial folds irrorate with tawny; subterminal 
fascia light buff, extending from R 5 to inner margin, marked between veins only and edged 
with fuscous both distally and proximally, the proximal edging forming streaks between veins 
Ri to Mi; termen slenderly fuscous; cilia light buff edged with hair brown proximally. Hind 
wing light buff evenly irrorate with hair brown, except along posterior half of terminal area; 
termen slenderly fuscous; cell spot densely hair brown; cilia as on fore whig. Underside of both 
wings light buff evenly irrorate with hair brown, except for terminal area and a pale terminal 
streak at apex of fore wing; cell spots strongly marked; terminal interncural lunules fuscous; cilia 
as on upperside. 

Genitalia. Uncus of almost even width, a little narrowed at rounded apex. Valve as illustrated. 
Aedeagus with sclerotized folds at apex. Vesica with one small, thorn-like cornutus. 

Differs from M. trielanodonta (Hampson) and M. basilinea Bowden (1956) in the bipectinate 
antennae and the better developed processes on the valve. 

ruwenzori: Namwamba Valley, 6500 ft., xii. 1934-L193 5 (Edwards), holotype 

A second specimen, labelled Fernando Po, 3000-4000 ft., June 1926 (T. A. Barns), has genitalia 
almost identical to those of the type. 

Busseola fusca (Fuller) 

Sesatnia jitsca Fuller, 1901, First Report Govt. Ent., 1899-1900, Pietermaritzburg, 45, Plate xi. 
Busseola sorghicida Thurau, 1904, Berlin, ent. Z., 49:56. 

Busseola fusca Fuller, Tarns & Bowden, 1953, Bull. ent. Res., 43 (4)1656, Figures. 
Uganda: Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $. 

Distribution: W. Africa, French Guinea to Angola; Uganda; Kenya to Cape Colony. 

Acrapex syscia sp.n. (Figures 264, 265) 

o* 24-28 mm. Similar in size, colour and pattern to A. brunnea Hampson (1910), from which it is 
most reliably separated by the genitalia. 

Uncus, similar to that of bnmnea, very slightly tapered to truncate apex; dorsally densely hair- 
scaled. Juxta twice as long as its shortest width, narrowed medially and bilobate apically, the 
apical fourth being incised. In brunnea the juxta is three times as long as its shortest width, more 
! strongly sclerotized and the apex is almost truncate, being but very shallowly incised medially. 
Valve and aedeagus as illustrated. Valve and aedeagus of brunnea figured by Janse, 1937-40, 
Moths of S. Africa, 3 : 349. Janse's misidentification of Busseola heniiphlebia Hampson (1914) (torn, 
cit., p. 348) is evidently closely related to syscia on valve structure, but differs in lacking the short, 
scobinate cornutus on the vesica. 

ruwenzori : Ibanda, 4700 ft., 4-12.ix.1952 (Fletcher), 2 including holotype. 

Uganda : Fort Portal, 5000 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edwards), 1 

Acrapex cuprescens (Hampson) 
Busseola cuprescens Hampson, 1914, Ami. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 13:162. 
Uganda: Kalinzu Forest (Jackson), 1 
Distribution : Nigeria. 



216 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

Acrapex rhabdoneura Hampson 
Acrapex rhabdoneura Hampson, 1910, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 9:316, Plate 144:8. 
kenya : Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Kenya; Tanganyika. 

Acrapex stygiata (Hampson) comb.n. 

Calamistis stygiata Hampson, 1910, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 9:278, Plate 143:11. 

Acrapex brunnea Hampson, 1910, torn, cit., p. 318, ab. 2. 

Acrapex brunnea ab. brunneella Strand, 1917, Arch. Naturgesch., 82 A2: 87. 

ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

Distribution: Uganda; Nyasaland; Transvaal. 

The Uganda and Nyasaland specimens have a clearly defined, pale, discal fold; in the Uganda 
specimens the posterior half of the fore wing is also pale, as in ab. brunneella. 

The specimen labelled by Hampson as Acrapex brunnea ab. 1 and subsequently named by Strand 
(1922, loc. cit.) as ab. brunneoides is an aberration of Acrapex minima Janse (1937). Syn.n. 

Acrapex brunnea Hampson 

Acrapex brunnea Hampson, 1910, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 9:318, Plate 144:11. 
Acrapex ochracea B.-Baker, 1911, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 8:518. Syn.n. 

kenya : Mt. Elgon, iv.1932 (Jackson), 2 q* in the British Museum. 

ruwenzori: Mijusi Valley, 30.iii.1948 (A. Holm), 1 in the Riksmuseum, Stockholm. 
Distribution: Kenya; Natal; Transvaal. 

The wider distribution previously recorded for this species should be treated with reserve, 
for there are many species in the group very similar in general appearance, though structurally 
distinct. 

Xylostola olivata Hampson 
Xylostola olivata Hampson, 1909, Trans, zool. Soc. Lond., 19:108, Plate 4:16. 
ruwenzori : Namwamba Valley, 6500 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Uganda : Fort Portal, 5000 ft. (Edwards), 2 
Distribution: Kivu; Ruwenzori; Nyasaland. 

EUSTROTIINAE 

Eublemma pyrastis Hampson 
Eublemma pyrastis Hampson, 1910, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 10:187, Plate 154:16. 
Uganda : Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. (Fletcher), 2 
Distribution: Gold Coast; S. Sudan; Uganda; Transvaal. 



Noctuidae 



217 



Eublemma ornatula (Felder) 

Thalpochares ornatula Felder, 1874, Reise Novara, Zool., 2 (2), Plate 108: 19. 
Eublemma ornatula ab. brtmneosuffusa Strand, 1917, Arch. Naturgesch., 82 A2:32. 

ruwenzori : Namwamba Valley, 6000 ft. (Edwards), 1 3*. 

Distribution: Kenya to Cape Colony. 

Eublemma dyscapna sp.n. (Figures 54, 278, 279) 

o* 29 mm. Antenna ciliate, cilia twice as long as diameter of shaft. Abdomen pinkish buff irrorate 
with fuscous black; remainder of vestiturc fuscous black. Fore wing pinkish buff densely irrorate 
with sayal brown, fuscous black and dark quaker drab, except in distal third of medial area 
posterior of vein Sc$; proximal two-thirds of wing, posterior of cell, less densely irrorate; trans- 
verse fasciae and termen slenderly fuscous black; cell spot large and fuscous black; cilia pale 
smoke grey. Underside tilleul buff densely suffused with fuscous in proximal half of wing and 
in terminal third, especially apicad; intervening paler area divided longitudinally by a fuscous 
fascia; costa warm buff. Hind wing white patterned as illustrated with fuscous black. Underside 
tilleul buff irrorate with fuscous, densely along costa and termen; two slender, transverse, fuscous 
fasciae, one at each side of and close to fuscous cell spot. 

Genitalia. Uncus slightly broadened apicad; apex acutely tapered to a short, hook-like tip. 
Juxta circular, diameter equal to greatest width of valve. Valve as illustrated. Aedeagus narrowed 
slightly basad, three-fourths as long as valve. Vesica unadorned. 

Related to Eublemma leucanitis Hampson (1910), differing in size and the striking pattern. 

Uganda: Bundibugyo, 3440 ft., 22.viii-3.ix. 195 2 (Fletcher), holotype 

Eublemma (?) tritonia (Hampson) 

Metachrostis tritonia Hampson, 1902, Ann. S. Afr. Mus., 2:415. 

Plecoptera atristipata Hampson, 1926, Descr. Gen. Spec. Noctuinae, 267. Syn.n. 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 2 Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $; Bwamba Pass 
(West side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 1 

Distribution: Nyasaland; Rhodesia. 

Zalaca snelleni (Wallengren) 

Leptosia snelleni Wallengren, 1875, Ofv. Vet.-Akad. Forh., 32 (1): 112. 
Epizeuxis aethiops Distant, 1892, Nat. in Transvaal, 239, Plate 2:2. 
Eublemma snelleni ab. discirufa Strand, 1917, Arch. Naturgesch., 82 A2:32. 
Eublemma snelleni ab. pallidior Strand, 1917, loc. cit. 

Kenya : Aberdare Range, Katamayo, 8000 ft. (Edwards), 1 

Uganda : Kalinzu Forest (Jackson), 1 <$. 

Distribution: Kenya to Cape Colony. 



218 



Rtiwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 



Porphyrinia ragusana (Freyer) subsp. 
Anthophih ragusana Freyer, 1844, N. Beitr. Schmett. Eur., 5:92, Plate 437:1. 
ruwenzori: ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $. 

In describing P. ragusanoides, Berio (1954, Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, (E) 5:134) has shown 
that the Madagascan representative of ragusana differs structurally from the nominate form. The 
genitalia of the type of Hypena quinquelinealis Moore (1877), hitherto regarded as a synonym of 
ragusana, show similar differences from both ragusana and ragusanoides. Specimens from Kenya 
and Uganda also differ from the three taxa already mentioned, but a revision of the species group 
should be undertaken before further names arc added to the literature. 

Lamprolopha melanephra Hampson (?) subsp. 
Lamprolopha melanephra Hampson, 1914, Ami. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 13:173. 
Uganda: Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

The anterior two-thirds of the postmedial fascia is broad and strongly marked in the Uganda 
specimen; a male from Mt. Mlanje in Nyasaland is similarly marked. Both specimens differ 
slightly in genitalia from each other and from the type (Gold Coast), suggesting that a number of 
subspecies exist. 

Holocryptis neavei sp.n. (Figures 90, 266-268) 

0*$ 15-16 mm. Vestiturc white, palpus and abdomen lightly suffused with pinkish cinnamon. 
Wings white, patterned as illustrated with pinkish cinnamon; a minute dot on middle of cell fold 
of fore wing; a larger spot on same fold between discoccllular and termen and a large, round pre- 
tornal spot on inner margin are especially conspicuous and often of a darker shade, approaching 
snuff brown. 

Male genitalia. Uncus dilate in apical half, then tapered to a spine-like tip. A slender process 
arises dorsally from base of uncus and curves parallel to it for two-thirds of its length. Valve 
bifurcate, as illustrated. Aedeagus arcuate; vesica with a sclerotized band medially, a cluster of 
short spines apicad and a spined area basad; a single stout spine is situate at apex. 

Female genitalia as illustrated. 

Related to H. mclauosticta Hampson (1910), differing in the pinkish cinnamon pattern of the 
wings and in the genitalia of both sexes. 

Portuguese E. Africa : E. of Mt. Chipcrone, 2200 ft., 24.x1.1913, 1 

nyasaland: Ruo Valley, 1000 ft., i.vii.1913, 1 §; Mlanje, 11-23.viii.1913, 4 o% 1 $; Mt. 
Mlanje, 28.xi.1912-4.xi.1913, 1 7 $, including holotype and allotype; Mlanje, Luchenya R.,l 
10.ix-17.xi.191 3, 4 6 $; all collected by S. A. Neave. 

kenya : Escarpment, Kikuyu, Ibea, ix-x.1900 (Doherty), 3 

Uganda : Mbarara, 15.x. 1934 (Edwards), 1 q\ All specimens in the British Museum. 

Belgian congo: Pare Nat. Upemba, Munoi bif. Lupiala am. dr. Lufira, 890 m., 28.v-15.vi. 
1948 (Mission G. F. de Witte), 219 specimens hi Inst. Pares Nat. du Congo Beige in Brussels. 



Noctuidae 



219 



Holocryptis sp. 

Uganda : Masaka {Edwards), 1 (genitalia preparation Noctuidae Number 2511). 

Holocryptis sp. 

Uganda: Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. [Fletcher), 1 $ (genitalia preparation Noctuidae Number 
2530). 

Cerynea thermesialis ( Walker) (Figure 272) 
Phanaspa thermesialis "Walker, 1865, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 34:1211. 

Cerynea rhodotrichia Hampson, 1910, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 10:211, Figure 52. Syn.n. 
ruwenzori: Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Uganda : Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

Distribution: Kenya; Tanganyika; Nyasaland; Rhodesia to Cape Province; Cameroons. 

Cerynea limbobrunnea sp.n. (Figures 269, 273) 

Cerynea trichobasis Walker ab. limbobrunnea Strand, 1917, Arch. Naturgesch., 82 A2:33. 

Closely similar in size, structure of vertex, colour and pattern to thermesialis, but differing in 
male genitalia; possibly a subspecies, though typical thermesialis occurs in the Cameroons. 

Male genitalia. Uncus slender at base, broadened medially to three times width of base, then 
tapered; dorsal surface of apical two-thirds concave; apex with short, hooked tip. In thermesialis 
basal two-thirds of uncus slender; apical third dilate and slightly concave dorsally just before tip 
(Figure 272). 

Female genitalia as illustrated and similar to those of thermesialis. 

French guinea: Macenta, 2000 ft., 2-10, 19-21. v. 1926 (C. L. Collenette), 1 

sierra leone : (A. B. Frcre), 1 

gold coast: Northern Territories, Kete-Krachi (A. W. Cardinal!) , 1 $\ Coomassie (H. 
Whiteside), 1 $ (type of ab. limbobrunnea Strand). 

Nigeria: Nr. Lagos, 20.L1920 (W. P. Lowe), holotype Minna, 3.viii.i9io (Scott Macjie), 
1 6*; Ogruga, River Niger, 2 

Congo: (Candeze), 1 

Cerynea nigropuncta sp.n. (Figures 50, 270-271) 

Similar in size, colour and pattern to thermesialis, differing in the band of short scales between 
vertex and patagia, which curls over at apex towards patagia, in the conspicuous spots of fuscous 
black on postmedial fascia of fore wing, one in discal area and one in area of sub medial fold and 
differing in the genitalia. 

Genitalia. Uncus simple and tapered. Valve as illustrated. Aedcagus five-sixths as long as valve ; 
vesica without cornuti. The uncus of thermesialis is illustrated by fig. 272. 

ruwenzori: Kilembe, 4500 ft, xii. 1934-1.1935 (Edwards), holotype Ibanda, 4700 ft. 
'Fletcher), 1 q\ 



220 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 



Cerynea sp. 

ruwenzori: Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. {Edwards), 1 genitalia preparation 
Noctuidae Number 2537. 

Cerynea sp. 

ruwenzori: Mahoma River, 6700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $, genitalia preparation Noctuidae Number 
2539- 

These two unnamed specimens arc larger and a richer red-brown in colour that C. nigropuncta; 
the uncus of the male is broader. The two may be a pair and represent a forest subspecies of 
nigropuncta, but more material is needed. 

Oruza divisa (Walker) 

Selcnis divisa Walker, 1862, Trans, ent. Soc. Lond., (3) 1 : 107. 
Selenis lauta Butler, 1878, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (5) 1:294. 
Xantlwptcra semimfa Snellen, 1880, Tijdschr. Ent., 23:62. 
Mestleta lathraea Holland, 1894, Psyche, 7:114, Plate 5:26. 
Zagira bicolora B.-Baker, 1906, Novit. zool., 13:213. 

Kenya : Nairobi (Edwards), 1 $. 

Distribution: W. Africa, Ivory Coast to Cameroons; Madagascar; India to Japan; Formosa; 
Hainan I.; Sumatra; Java; Brit. New Guinea. 

Oruza latifera (Walker) 

Acidalia latijera Walker, 1869, Proc. nat. Hist. Soc. Glasgow, 1:375. 
Selenis costalis Butler, 1875, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 16:409. 
Mestleta discifascia Holland, 1894, Psyche, 7:113. 

kenya : Nairobi (Edwards), 1 q\ 

Distribution: W. Africa, Sierra Leone to Gaboon; Belgian Congo; Uganda; Kenya to Natal. 

The structure of the genitalia of both sexes of the two species of Oruza recorded above suggests 
that they, together with a number of other species at present included in Oruza, should be merged 
with Cerynea. 

Pseudcraspedia prosticta ethiopica subsp.n. (Figures 274, 275) 

Differs from P. p. prosticta Hampson (1910), known only from Ceylon and Formosa, in the 
genitalia. The uncus is of almost even width, the tip being but very slightly dilate and lacking 
the tuft of coarse, short hairs that arc present in p. prosticta. The ductus seminalis enters the aedcagu 1 ' 
at one-half; in p. prosticta it enters at four-fifths. The vesica bears a minute, thorn-like cornutu;, 
wanting in p. prosticta. The eighth sternum is lightly sclerotized and bilobatc in p. prosticta; in the 
Uganda specimen it is simple. 

Uganda : Semliki Forest, 2850 ft., 22.viii-3.ix. 1952 (Fletcher), holotype 



Noctuidae 



221 



Hypobleta viettei Berio 

Hypobleta viettei Berio, 1954, Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, (E) 5:143, pi. 7:9; Figure 21. 
ruwenzoiu: Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 rf. 
Distribution: Madagascar; Tanganyika (Amani). 

Corgatha odontota sp.n. (Figures 47, 276, 277) 

(J 30 mm. Antenna ciliate, cilia equal in length to diameter of shaft. Palpus light buff irrorate with 
snuff brown ; frons and vertex snuff brown. Patagia vinaceous pink, apical third snuff brown ; 
thorax and abdomen pinkish cinnamon irrorate with snuff brown. Fore wing: costa broadly 
vinaceous pink, extreme costal edge warm buff; remainder of wing light russet vinaceous lightly 
irrorate with ochraceous tawny and bister; ante- and postmedial fasciae broad, pale and straight, 
the former edged distally, the latter edged proximally with a denser irroration; subterminal 
fascia dentate, toothed acutely terminad on vein M 3 , pale and edged distally with ochraceous 
tawny and bister irroration; termen very slenderly warm buff; discocellulars bister proximally, 
ochraceous tawny distally ; veins pale ; cilia pinkish vinaceous, darker medially. Hind wing similar 
to fore wing, except for costa which is broadly tilleul buff proximally, antemedial fascia which is 
wanting and subterminal fascia which, though dentate, is not toothed to termen on vein M 3 . 
Genitalia as illustrated. 

Related to C. tnira (Butler, 1879), differing in the paler, more vinaceous colour of the wings 
md in the structure of the genitalia. 

ruwenzori: Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), holotype 

Ozarba flavescens Hampson 

Ozarba flavescens Hampson, 1910, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 10:418, Plate 161:6. 

Ozarba flavescens Hampson, Berio, 1950, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. nat. Genova, 64:148, Figure 49. 

Uganda : Masaka (Edwards), 1 

Distribution: Kenya. 

Ozarba domina (Holland) 
Tarache domina Holland, 1894, Psyche, 7:128, Plate 5:24. 

Dzarba domina Holland, Berio, 1950, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. nat. Genova, 64:152, Figure 60. 

Uganda : Mbarara (Edwards), t 2; Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 1 <J. 

Distribution: Costa d'Oro; Gold Coast; Nigeria; Cameroons; Belgian Congo; Nyasaland; 
Eritrea. 

Ozarba terribilis Berio 
'Jzarba terribilis Berio, 1940, Mem. Soc. ent. ital., 19:188, Figure 32. 
kenya : Mt. Elgon, 11,000 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Eritrea; Abyssinia; Kenya. 



222 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 



Ozarba sp. 

Uganda : Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $, genitalia preparation Noctuidae Number 2572. 
Closely related to O.jansei Berio (1940). The species that Hampson recorded as O. hemimelaena 
from N. Rhodesia in 1910 and a further undetermined species from Elisabethvdle in the Belgian 
Congo are also closely related to the Uganda specimen. The descriptions of these and the following 
species are better left until more material is available for study. 

Ozarba sp. 

kenya : Nairobi (Edwards), 1 °-, genitalia preparation Noctuidae Number 2577. 

Closely related to O. corniculantis Berio (1950). The species was originally described as an un- 
named aberration of O. corniculans (Wallengren) by Hampson (1910) and subsequently named ab. 
corniculantis by Strand (1917). 

Ozarba rosescens Hampson 
Ozarba rosescens Hampson, 1910, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 10:423, Plate 161:17. 
ruwenzori: Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 1 o*. 
Distribution: Kenya; Uganda. 

Ilattia octo (Guenee) 
Perigea octo Guenee, 1852, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gen. Lep., 5:233, 407. 

Amyna octo Guenee, Hampson, 1910, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 10:468 (synonymy and distribu- 
tion). 

ruwenzori: Mahoma River, 6700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 <£. 

Uganda : Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 1 Nr. Masaka (Edwards), 1 

Xanthome™ leucoglene (Mabille) 

Erastria leucoglene Mabille, 1880, C.R. ent. Soc. Belg., 23:xviii. 
Metachrostis robusta Saalmiiller, 1891, Lep. Madagascar, 353. 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Fletcher), 1 q\ 

Distribution: Belgian Congo; Uganda; Kenya to Pondoland; Madagascar. 

Lithacodia blandula (Guenee) 

Erastria blandula Guenee, in Maillard, 1862, Notes lie Reunion, Annexe G:38. 
Anthophila i-graecum Mabille, 1881, C.R. ent. Soc. Belg., 25:lxi. 
Tarache perta Schaus, 1893, Lep. Sierra Leone, 36, Plate 3:2. 

ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $. 

Distribution: Africa south of the Sahara. 



Noctuidae 



223 



Lithacodia caffristis Hampson 

Lithacodia caffristis Hampson, 1910, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 10:506, Plate 164: r. 
Maliattha vialis Moore Hampson nec Moore, 1902, Ann. S. Afr. Mus., 2: 377. 

ruwenzori : Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 Nyamagasani Valley (Buxton), 1 

Distribution: Angola; Tanganyika; Zululand; Cape Province. 



Eustrotia diascia Hampson 
Eustrotia diascia Hampson, 1910, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 10:579, Plate 165:29. 
kenya : Kitale (Jackson), 1 $. 
Distribution: Kenya. 

Pseudozarba opella (Swinhoe) 

Acontia opella Swinhoe, 1885, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1885:456, Plate 27:16. 

Pseudozarba opella ab. ohscurata Warren, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde, 11:290. 

Pseudozarba opella ab. obsoleta Warren, 191 3, loc. cit. 

Pseudozarba opella ab. pauper Warren, 1913, loc. cit. 

Eustrotia opella ab. opellodes Strand, 1917, Arch. Naturgesch., 82 A2:36. 

kenya : Mt. Elgon, Mdlhuli (Jackson), 1 o*> 4 $• 

Distribution: Gold Coast; Nigeria; S. Sudan to Cape Province; India. 

Eulocastra carnibasalis Hampson 
Eulocastra carnibasalis Hampson, 1918, Novit. zool., 25:185. 
ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 
Uganda : Fort Portal, 5000 ft. (Edwards), 2 J. 
Distribution: Gold Coast; Nyasaland. 

Mimasura innotata Hampson 
Mimasura innotata Hampson, 1910, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1910:412. 
ruwenzori : Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 
Distribution: Nigeria; Kenya; Nyasaland; Transvaal. 

Tarache hemixanthia Hampson 
Tarache hemixanthia Hampson, 1910, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 10:759, Plate 172:24. 
Uganda : Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 2 
Distribution: Nigeria; Uganda; Tanganyika. 



224 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 



EUTELIINAE 

Eutelia polychorda Hampson 
Eutelia polychorda Hampson, 1902, Aim. S. Afr. Mus., 2:308. 

Eutelia polychorda Hampson, 8 aberrations, Strand, 1917, Arch. Naturgesch., 82 Ai:73. 
kenya: Kitale (Jackson), 1 

Distribution: Gambia; Gold Coast; Nigeria; Belgian Congo; Tanganyika; Nyasaland to Natal. 

Marathyssa cuneata (Saalmiiller) 

Eutelia cuneata Saalmiiller, 1891, Lep. Madagascar, 381, Plate 10:179. 
Eutelia cyanolopha Hampson, 1905, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (7) 16:384. 

kenya : Nairobi (Edwards), 1 

Distribution: W. Africa, Sierra Leone to Cameroons; Uganda; Sudan to Natal; S. W. Africa; 
Madagascar. 

NYCTEOLINAE 

Pardasena atmocyma sp.n. (Figures 51, 52, 280-282) 

(J 25 mm.; $ 30~3 2 mm. Antennae in both sexes mimitely ciliate. Palpi equal in length to twice 
diameter of eye, second and third segments long and of equal length. Abdomen drab grey; 
remainder of vestiture and fore wing white irrorate, densely in holotype and allotype, with mouse 
grey and black. Fore wing : a black basal streak hi subcostal fold; basal fascia black, toothed sharply 
distad on subcostal fold; antemcdial fascia black and dentate, toothed sharply distad on discal 
and submedial folds and proximad on radius, cubitus and anal vein; postmcdial fascia black, 
bulged distad in discal area with a slender beak-like projection proximad along discal fold; 
terminal interneural dots black; some tawny scaling on discocellulars ; cilia black proximally, 
mouse grey distally. Hind whig tilleul buff suffused with drab; termen slenderly light buff; cilia 
drab proximally, white distally. Fore wing in female paratype less densely suffused and pattern, 
as a consequence, more clearly defined. 

Male genitalia. Uncus short and simple. Saccus produced and broadly rounded. Valve bifid, 
ventral arm membranous, dorsal arm slender and arcuate with apical third densely covered with 
hair scales. Aedeagus slender and straight. Vesica without cornuti. 

Female genitalia as illustrated. 

Distinct in the genus in fore wing pattern, especially hi the acute dentation of the basal and 
antemedial fasciae, and in the structure of the genitalia. 

ruwenzori: Mobuku Valley, Nyinabitaba, 2600 m., 11.iv.1948 (A. Holm), holotype $ hi 
the Pxiksmuseum, Stockholm; Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 2 including 
e, in the British Museum. 

Pardasena sp. 

ruwenzori : Mahoma Paver, 6700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 genitalia preparation Noctuidae Number 
2600. 



Noctuidae 



225 



Slightly larger (wing-span 22 mm.) than P. atripuncta Hampson (1912) and differing from it in 
colour and pattern, but apparently identical in structure of genitalia. The genitalia of P. melano- 
sticta Hampson (1912) are also closely similar to those of atripuncta. As only four specimens alto- 
gether are known, it is not possible to reach any firm conclusion. P. punctata Hampson (1902) 
may prove to be the female of atripuncta. 

Pardasena virgulana (Mabille) 

Sarrothripa virgulana Mabille, 1880, C.R. Soc. ent. Belg., 23:xvii. 
Giaura nigriscripta Hampson, 1905, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (7) 16:542. 

ruwenzori: Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 1 J. 

Distribution: Uganda; Kenya to Cape Province; Madagascar; Mauritius. 

Bryophilopsis tarachoides Mabille 
Bryophilopsis tarachoides Mabille, 1900, Ann. Soc. ent. Fr., 68:729. 
kenya : Mt. Elgon, Malindi (Jackson), 1 $. 
Distribution: Gambia; Nigeria; Sudan; Kenya; Tanganyika. 

Petrinia lignosa Walker 
Petrinia lignosa Walker, 1869, Proc. nat. Hist. Soc. Glasgow, 1:348. 
Uganda : Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $. 
Distribution: Gold Coast; Cameroons; Angola; Belgian Congo. 

Gigantoceras adoxodes B. -Baker 
Gigantoceras adoxodes B.-Baker, 1911, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 8:527. 
Uganda: Fort Portal, 5000 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Angola; Cameroons; Nigeria. 

Gigantoceras sp. 

UGANDA : Fort Portal, 5000 ft. (Edwards), 1 genitaha preparation Noctuidae Number 2587. 

More material may show this to be the male of G. erinopsis (Hampson, 1905), which appears 
to be distinct from G. solstitialis Holland (1893) ; the two were synonymised by Hampson in 1912. 

Elesmoides thomae A. E. Prout subsp. 
Elesmoides thomae A. E. Prout, 1927, Trans, ent. Soc. London, 75:214, Plate 21 :22. 
ruwenzori: Mahoma River, 6700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

Paler than the nominate subspecies from Sao Thome Island ; the process on the basal third of 
he valve is shorter and the cornuti on the vesica stouter and less numerous. 
4 



226 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 



WES TERM ANNIINAE 

Earias biplaga Walker 

Earias biplaga Walker, 1866, List. Lep. Ins. B.M., 35:1773. 
Earias fuscociliana Snellen, 1872, Tijdschr. Ent., 15:36. 
Earias maculana Snellen, 1872, loc. cit. 

Earias plaga Felder, 1874, Reise Novara, Zool., 2 (2), Plate 108:20. 
Earias biplaga ab. punctilineis Strand, 1917, Arch. Naturgesch., 82, Ai:8q. 
Earias citrina Saalmiiller ab. citrinella Strand, 1917, loc. cit. 
Earias citrina Saalmiiller ab. citrinoides Strand, 1917, loc. cit. 
Earias citrina Saalmiiller ab. citrinula Strand, 1917, loc. cit. 

ruwenzori: Nyamagasani Valley (Buxton), 1 Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. 
(Edwards), 1 

Distribution: Sokotra; Africa south of Sahara; Comoro Is.; Madagascar. 

Earias cupreoviridis (Walker) 

Xanthoptera (?) cupreoviridis Walker, 1862, Trans, ent. Soc. London, (3) 1:92. 
Earias (?) chromataria Walker, 1863, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 27:204. 
Earias fulvidana Wallengren, 1863, Wien. ent. Monatschr., 7:143. 
Earias fervida Walker, 1866, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 35:1774. 
Earias limbana Snellen, 1879, Tijdschr. Ent., 22:97, Plate 8:2. 

Earias cupreoviridis decolorata Warren, 1913, in Seitz, Gross-schmett. Erde, 3:296, Plate 53 :i. 
Earias cupreoviridis ab. cellulalis Strand, 1917, Arch. Naturgesch., 82 Ai:89. 

kenya : Aberdare Range, Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft. (Edwards), 1 o*. 

Distribution: Africa south of Sahara; Ceylon; India to Japan; Formosa; Philippine Is.; Java; 
Sambawa; Sula; Tenimber Is. 

Chlorozada endophaea Hampson 
Chlorozada endophaea Hampson, 1912, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 11:519, Plate 191:27. 
Uganda : Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. (Fletcher), 1 
Distribution: Gold Coast. 

Microzada subrosea A. E. Prout (?) subsp. 
Microsada (sic) subrosea A. E. Prout, 1927, Trans, ent. Soc. London, 75:215, Plate 21: 15. 
ruwenzori: Namwamba Valley, 6500 ft. (Edwards), 1 (J. 

Differs from the hitherto unique type from Sao Thome Island in the rather stouter cornui 
on the vesica. 

Acripia chloropera Hampson 
Acripia chloropera Hampson, 1902, Ann. S. Afr. Mus., 2:313. 

ruwenzori : Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Kenya; Nyasaland; Natal; Cape Province. 



Noctuidae 



227 



Negeta luminosa (Walker) 
Acontia luminosa Walker, 1858, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 15:1759. 
Thalpochares parectata Wallengren, 1863, Wien. ent. Monatschr., 7:148. 
Micra lacteola Mabille, 1880, C.R. Soc. ent. Belg., 23:xix. 
kenya : Nairobi [Edwards), 1 

Distribution: Gold Coast; Nigeria; Belgian Congo; Abyssinia to Cape Province. 

Negeta purpurascens Hampson 
Negeta purpurascens Hampson, 1912, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 11:630, Plate 190:31. 
Uganda : Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

Distribution: Sierra Leone; Gold Coast; Cameroons; Gaboon; Chad Territory. 

Tegena gen.n. 

Neuration similar to that of Chlorozada, but Mi of fore wing arises from middle of discocellulars. 
Upperside of male fore wing with two ovate, scaleless depressions slenderly joined, rather like a 
pair of spectacles, in distal half of cell. Discal fold on fore wing of female fully scaled, but 
rather deep. Antemiae ciliate; male cilia equal in length to diameter of shaft; female cilia 
equal to one-half diameter of shaft. Palpi rather longer than diameter of eye (about 1^), terminal 
segment one-half as long as medial segment. 

Male genitalia. Uncus arcuate and tapered with hooked tip. Valve simple; dorsal margin 
slenderly sclerotized; remainder membranous; ventral margin with short and long hair-scales. 
Subscaphium sclerotized. Aedeagus with sclerotized fold at apex. Vesica with cornutus. Abdomen 
not specialized. 

Female genitalia. Ovipositor with long and short bristles. Ductus bursae sclerotized ventrally 
and slightly tapered apicad; bursa copulatrix ribbed and sclerotized at one side posteriorly and 
ornamented with two large, scobinate signa, as illustrated. 

Keys to Chlorozada, but differs in position of vein Mi of fore wing, specialized cell area of male 
fore wing, shorter palpi and in structure of genitalia. 

The gender of the generic name is feminine. 

Type species: Tegena steeleae sp.n. 

Tegena steeleae sp.n. (Figures 53, 100, 104, 296) 
J 28 mm. ',$31 mm. Vestiture and fore wing sayal brown very lightly irrorate with fuscous. 
= ore wing: postmedial fascia fuscous and strikingly geniculate in discal area; cell spot fuscous. 
Underside light buff suffused with sayal brown, except in posterior third proximally. Hind wing 
Irab. Underside light buff with a few fuscous scales terminad; cilia drab. 
mt. Cameroon : Onyanga, 5400 ft., 28.L1932 (M. Steele), holotype $ and allotype 

Tegena aprepta sp.n. (Figure 283) 
J 24-25 mm. Differs from the preceding species in the smaller size, the greyer rather than warm 
>rown ground colour of the fore wing, which is tilleul buff to drab, and in the vesica having two 
ornuti. 

cameroons : Bitje, Ja River, Oct., Wet season (G. L. Bates), 3 including holotype. 
Uganda: Bundibugyo, 3440 ft., 22.viii-3.ix.1952 (Fletcher), 1 



228 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 



Westermannia immaculata sp.n. (Figs. 89, 102, 103) 

(J 30 mm. Antenna ciliate; cilia equal in length to diameter of shaft. Palpus white irrorate with 
warm buff. Frons white above, warm buff beneath. Vertex white. Thorax white, base of patagium 
and prothorax irrorate with warm buff. Abdomen white; first three segments lightly irrorate, 
remaining segments densely irrorate with warm buff; crest on first segment white, that on 
second segment white irrorate with fuscous; segments five to eight irrorate with fuscous. Fore 
wing: proximal third of costa warm buff; remainder of wing white. Underside white irrorate 
with warm buff and a very pale, light drab, more densely in discal area; cilia white. Hind wing 
light buff. Underside similar. 
Genitalia as illustrated. 

The immaculate white wings distinguish the species from all other known species of African 
Westermanniinae. 

Uganda : Bundibugyo, 3440 ft., 22.viii-3.ix. 1952 (Fletcher), holotype 

Leocyma Camilla (Druce) 
Xanthodes Camilla Druce, 1887, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1887:686. 
Uganda: Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

Distribution: West Africa, Sierra Leone to Cameroons; Belgian Congo; Uganda. 

CATOCALINAE 

Cyligramma latona (Cramer) 

Phalaena Noctua latona Cramer, 1779, Papillons exotiques, 1:20, Plate 13 :B. 
Noctua troglodyta Fabricius, 1794, Ent. Syst., 3 (2): 14. 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 

Distribution: Africa south of Sahara; Comoro Is.; Madagascar; Aden. 

Cyligramma magus (Guerin-Meneville) 

Erebus magus Guerin-Meneville, 1844, in Cuvier, Icon. Rcgne Animal, 3 (Insectes):52i. 
Cyligramma goudotii Guenee, 1852, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gen. Lep., 7:189. 
Cyligramma buchholzi Plotz, 1880, Stettin, ent. Ztg., 41:301. 
ruwenzori: Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edivards), 1 

Distribution: W. Africa, Sierra Leone to Cameroons; Belgian Congo; Uganda; Sudan tc 
Nyasaland; Madagascar. 

Cyligramma fluctuosa (Drury) 

Phalaena Noctua fiuctuosa Drury, 1773, 111. nat. Hist, exotic Ins., 2:24, Plate 14:1. 
Cyligramma rudilinea Walker, 1858, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 14:1311. 
Cyligramma fiuctuosa ab. obscurior Strand, 1914, Arch. Naturgesch., 79 A8:67. 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edivards), 1 

I 



Noctuidae 



229 



It seems probable that the two species identified by Hampson (1913, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 
12:306) as limacina Guerin and fliictuosa Drury are synonymous and that the names placed in the 
synonymy of limacina should be placed in the synonymy o£ fluctuosa. Guerin's figure of the type 
of limacina appears to represent the species Hampson identified as simplex Griinberg. Should 
these alterations in synonymy be confirmed, the recorded distribution of fluctuosa will be con- 
siderably altered. 

Achaea albicilia (Walker) 

Ophisma albicilia Walker, 1858, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 14:1374. 
Ophisma ebenaui Saalmiiller, 1880, Ber. Senckenberg. Ges., 281. 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 q*- 

Distribution : Sierra Leone ; Nigeria ; Nyasaland ; Madagascar. 

Chalciope pusilla (Holland) 
Grammodes pusilla Holland, 1894, Psyche, 7:86, Plate 2:26. 
UGANDA : Fort Portal, 5000 ft. (Edwards), 2 

Distribution: West Africa, Senegal to Gaboon; Kivu; Uganda; Kenya. 



Parachalciope longiplaga Hampson 
Parachalciope longiplaga Hampson, 1913, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 13:37, Plate 222:21. 
ruwenzori : Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Uganda. 

Parachalciope monoplaneta Hampson 
Parachalciope monoplaneta Hampson, 1913, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 13:39, Plate 222:23. 
ruwenzori : Namwamba Valley, 6500 ft. (Edwards), 3 q*. 
Distribution: Uganda. 

Parachalciope agonia Hampson 
Parachalciope agonia Hampson, 1913, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 13:40, Plate 222:24. 
ruwenzori : Namwamba Valley, 6500 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Uganda. 

Mocis repanda (Fabricius) 
Noctua repanda Fabricius, 1794, Ent. Syst., 3 (2): 49. 

Mocis repanda Fabricius, Hampson, 1913, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 13 : 84 (synonymy and distri- 
bution). 

ruwenzori : Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 1 



230 Ruweiizori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

Mocis mayeri (Boisduval) 
Ophiusa mayeri Boisduval, 1834, Faune Ent. Madagascar, 104. 

Mocis mayeri Boisduval, Berio, 1954, Boll. Soc. ent. ital., 84:105 (synonymy and distribution). 
ruwenzori : Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 1 $. 
Uganda : Fort Portal, 5000 ft. {Edwards), 1 q\ 

Mocis mutuaria (Walker) 
Remigia mutuaria Walker, 1858, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 14:1506. 

Mocis mutuaria Walker, Hampson, 191 3, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 13:96 (synonymy to 1913 
and distribution). 

Mocis mutuaria ab. mutuarides Strand, 1917, Arch. Naturgesch., 82 A2:4i. 
ruwenzori: Kilembc, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 

Hypersypnoides congoensis Berio 
Hypersypnoides congoensis Berio, 1954, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. nat. Gcnova, 66:341, Figures. 
ruwenzori: Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft. (Fletcher), 1 
Distribution: S.W. Africa (Tsumeb). 

PLUSIINAE 

Syngrapha circumflexa (Linn.) 
Phalaena Noctua circumflexa Linn., 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12), 844. 

Syngrapha circumflexa Linn., Hampson, 1913, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 13:432 (synonymy and 
distribution). 

ruwenzori: Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 $; Misigo, 8550 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

Plusia limbirena (Guenee) 

Plusia limbirena Guenee, 1852, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gen. Lep., 6:350. 
Phytometra limbirena ab. limbirenoides Strand, 1917, Arch. Naturgesch., 82 A2:48. 

Kenya : Kitale (Jackson), 1 

Distribution: St. Helena; Africa south of Sahara; Madagascar; Mauritius; India; Ceylon. 

Plusia lunata (Fabricius) 
Noctua lunata Fabricius, 1787, Mant. Ins., 2:163. 

Phytometra lunata Fabricius, Hampson, 1913, Cat. Lep. Phalaenae B.M., 13:475 (synonymy and 
distribution). 

ruwenzori : Namwamba Valley, 6500 ft. (Edwards), 1 $; Malioma Raver, 6700 ft. (Fletcher), 
id*- 



Noctuidae 



231 



Plusia sestertia (Felder) 

Phtsia sestertia Felder, 1874, Reise Novara, Zool., 2 (2), Plate 110:31. 
Plusia mapongua Holland, 1894, Psyche, 7 :8. 

ruwenzori: Namwamba Valley, 6500 ft. {Edwards), 1 

Distribution: Uganda (Ruwenzori); Kenya; Natal; Cape Province. 

Plusia accentifera (Lefebvre) 

Plusia accentifera Lefebvre, 1827, Ann. Soc. linn. Paris, 6:96, Plate 5:2. 

Plusia l-aureum Freyer, 183 1, N. Beitr. Schmetterlingskunde, 1:43, Plate 23:3. 

Phytomctra accentifera f.s. atra Rocci, 193 1, Boll. Soc. ent. ital., 63:95. 

ruwenzori: Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 $; Namwamba Valley, 6500 ft. (Edwards), 1 

Distribution: Mediterranean Europe; Belgian Congo (Katanga). The series in the British 
Museum includes specimens from the following localities, so far unrecorded : 

w. Uganda : Nr. Congo border, ii-iv.1926 (Mrs. E. Bams), 1 <J. 

Uganda: Kampala, 12.iii.1929 (H. Hargrcaves), 1 $; ibid., 21.xii.1931, 1 $. 

natal : Durban (E. L. Clark), 1 

OPHIDERINAE 

Trichopolydesma collutrix (Geyer) 

Coeiiipeta collutrix Geyer, 1837 in Hiibncr, Zutrage z. exot. Schmett., 5:22, Figures 885, 886. 
Polydesma boarmoides Guenee, 1852, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gen. Dip., 6:441. 
Polydesma mastrucata Felder, 1874, Reise Novara, Zool., 2 (2), Plate 111:31. 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 $. 

Distribution: W. Africa, Sierra Leone to Cameroons; Belgian Congo; Kenya to Natal; 
Madagascar; Mauritius; India; China; Formosa; Ceylon; Malaya to Queensland; Pacific Islands; 
Hawaii. 

Trichopolydesma collusoria Berio 
Trichopolydesma collusoria Berio, 1954, Doriana, 1 (50): 7, Figures. 

^olydesma collutrix Geyer Hampson nec Geyer, 1909, Trans, zool. Soc. London, 19 (2): 113. 
ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 $. 

Distribution: W. Africa, Sierra Leone to Cameroons; Belgian Congo; Uganda; Kenya; 
Tanganyika. 

Halochroa aequatoria (Mabille) 
~>iphthera aequatoria Mabille, 1879, Rev. bibliographique Sri. nat., 1:26. 
ruwenzori : Namwamba Valley, 6500 ft. (Edu>ards), 1 

Distribution: French Guinea; Ivory Coast; Gold Coast; Dahomey; Cameroons; Belgian 
"ongo; N.W. Rhodesia. 



232 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 



Catephia abrostolica Hampson 
Catephia abrostolica Hampson, 1926, Descr. Gen. Spec. Noctuinae, 58. 
Uganda: Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 2 
Distribution: Tanganyika. 

Catephia iridocosma (B.-Baker) 

Acdia iridocosma B.-Baker, 1911, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 8:529. 
UGANDA : Masaka (Edwards), 1 

Distribution: Principe I.; continental Africa south of Sahara. 

Ericeia congregata (Walker) 

Retnigia congregata Walker, 1858, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 15:1847. 
Grammodcs taedia Felder, 1874, Reise Novara, Zool., 2 (2), Plate 115:1. 
Alamis albangula Saalmuller, 1880, Ber. Senckenb. Ges., 1880:284. 
Alamis lituraria Saalmuller, 1880, torn, cit., p. 285. 
Homoptera terrena Mabille, 1882, Le Naturaliste, 2:100. 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 

Distribution: W. Africa, Sierra Leone to Cameroons; Belgian Congo; Uganda; Kenya to 
Cape Province; Madagascar; Mauritius. 

Giria pectinicornis (B.-Baker) comb.n. 

Ophiusa pectinicornis B.-Baker, 1909, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 3:432. 

Giria bubastis Fawcett, 1916, Proc. zool. Soc. London, 1916:718, Plate 1:14. Syn.n. 

ruwenzori : Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft. (Fletcher), 1^,1$. 

Distribution: Sierra Leone; Liberia; Gold Coast; Cameroons; Belgian Congo; Uganda; 
Kenya; Tanganyika. 

Sphingomorpha chlorea monteironis Butler 

Sphingomorpha monteironis Butler, 1875, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 16:406. 
ruwenzori: Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 q*; Namwamba Valley, 6500 ft. (Edwards), 1 o* 
Distribution: Aden; Africa south of Sahara. 

Rhanidophora piguerator Hampson 

Rhanidophora piguerator Hampson, 1926, Descr. Gen. Spec. Noctuinae, 108. 
ruwenzori: Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 o*. 
Uganda: Mpanga Forest (Edwards), 1 $. 
Distribution: Kenya; Uganda. 



Noctuidae 



233 



Paragria sesamiodes Hampson (?) subsp. 

Paragria sesamiodes Hampson, 1926, Descr. Gen. Spec. Noctuinae, 147. 
Uganda : Fort Portal, 5000 ft. {Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Natal. 

The Uganda specimen differs from the Natal specimens in the more attenuate fore wing, in 
the broad, fuscous medial and postmedial fasciae between the radius and the anal vein on the 
hind wing and in the slightly longer, more slender valve with its longer, more curved ventral 
process, which is slightly dilate at the apex. 

Tathorhynchus leucobasis B. -Baker 
Tathorhyncluis leucobasis B.-Baker, 1911, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 7:538. 
kenya : Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft. [Edwards), 1 9. 
Distribution: Sudan; Kenya, Tanganyika. 

Tathorhynchus homogyna Hampson 
Tathorhyncluis homogyna Hampson, 1902, Aim. S. Afr. Mus., 2:394. 
ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. [Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Sudan to Natal. 

Paralephana westi sp.n. (Figure 59) 

o* 36 mm. Antenna bipectinate, pectinations twice as long as diameter of shaft. Palpus vinaceous 
buff. Vertex, patagia and tegulae tilleul buff. Thorax and abdomen sayal brown. Fore wing 
shaped as illustrated, warm buff very sparsely irrorate with fuscous ; a fuscous spot at upper angle 
of cell, another at lower angle ; terminal interneural spots fuscous, but only well developed 
between veins R 5 to M 3 ; cilia warm buff suffused with fuscous. Underside warm buff; discal 
area suffused with sayal brown; discocellulars brokenly sayal brown; cilia as upperside. Hind 
wing light buff; terminal interneural spots fuscous, developed only from apex to vein Cu 1 ; termen 
slenderly and continuously fuscous from vein Ci/ 2 to anal angle ; cilia faintly suffused with fuscous. 
Underside light buff posteriorly deepening to warm buff anteriorly, the latter sparsely irrorate 
with fuscous; cell spot fuscous; termen and cilia as upperside, but the former strongly marked. 

Related to P. hisignata Hampson (1926) and to P. mesoscia Hampson (1926), but distinguished 
from them by size and colour and by lack of pattern. 

It is with pleasure that I name this species in honour of the late R. J. West of this department, 
who did much of the preliminary work on the material collected by Edwards during the 1934-5 
expedition. 

ruwenzori: Nyamgasani Valley, xii.1934-i.1935 [Buxton), holotype 

Marcipa holmi sp.n. (Figures 58, 289, 290) 

6* 30-33 mm. Antenna bipectinate, pectinations five times as long as diameter of shaft. Abdomen 
ochraceous buff irrorate with cinnamon brown ; remainder of vestiture ochraceous tawny. Fore 



234 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952, Volume 1, Number 7 

wing shaped as illustrated ; inner margin with scale tufts at one-fourth and one-half; ground colour 
light ochraceous buff densely irrorate with light vinaceous drab; costa, basal spot on radius, 
proximal third and distal margin of medial area, orbicular and reniform spots and subterminal 
area, especially at costa and in discal and submcdial folds, snuff brown; medial area edged proxi- 
mally and distally with warm buft ; reniform and orbicular spots ringed with warm buff; termen 
slenderly and cilia wholly snuff brown. Underside light buff, costa and distal third decpemng 
to orange buff; discal and anterior two-thirds of terminal area irrorate with snuff brown; discal 
spot, terminal interneural spots between veins R 5 to M 3 and cilia snuff brown. Anterior two-thirds 
of hind wing warm buff ; posterior of cubitus irrorate with snuff brown ; anal fold with long scales ; 
termen slenderly fuscous, broken at veins anterior of Cu 2 ; cilia ochraceous tawny. Underside 
similar, but posterior third less conspicuously darkened; costa, termen and discoccllulars lightly 
irrorate with snuff brown. 

Genitalia. Valve membranous and overlapped by a well developed and broadly sclcrotized 
distal margin; uncus, juxta and aedeagus as illustrated; vesica with a sclerotized plate basad and 
several thorn-like cornuti medially. 

Related to M. dimera Hampson (1926) and to M. mediana Hampson (1926), but differing from 
them in colour, pattern and genitalia. 

s. cameroons : Epulan, 16-17.iv.1926 (G. Schwab), 2 including holotype; Bitje, Ja River, 
2000 ft., x-xi.1912, 2 q\ 

Belgian CONGO : Upper Kasai District (P. Landbcck), 1 J", Mt. Hoyo, 10.xi.1956 (Ch. Seydel), 

16*. 

Uganda: Bwamba, vii.1942 (T. H. E.Jackson), 1 all specimens in the British Museum. 
ruwenzori : Hakitcngia, 900 m., 16.iv.1948 (A. Holm), 1 q* in the Riksmuseum, Stockholm. 

Anoba angulilinea (Holland) 

Hypospila angulilinea Holland, 1894, Psyche, 7:89, Plate 4:20. 
Bauiana unipuncta Hampson, 1902, Ann. S. Afr. Mus., 2:402. 

ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft. {Fletcher), 1 $. 

Distribution: Gambia; Gold Coast; Nigeria; Cameroons; Gaboon; Belgian Congo; Tangan- 
yika; N.E. Rbodesia; Nyasaland; Portuguese E. Africa; Pondoland. 

Tolpia atripuncta Hampson 
Tolpia atripuncta Hampson, 1926, Descr. Gen. Spec. Noctuinae, 191. 
Kenya : Mt. Kinangop, 9000 ft. (Ford), 1 ibid., 10,000 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Kenya. 

Eustrotiopsis chlorota Hampson 
Eustrotiopsis chlorota Hampson, 1926, Descr. Gen. Spec. Noctuinae, 207. 
Kenya : Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft. (Edwards), 1 q\ 

ru wen zori : Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 3 Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 
1$. 

Distribution: Kivu; Uganda; Kenya; Tanganyika. 



Noctuidae 



235 



Brevipecten cornuta Hampson 
Brevipecten cornuta Hampson, 1902, Ann. S. Afr. Mus., 2:404. 
kenya : Mt. Elgon, Malindi (Jackson), 1 

Distribution: Nigeria; Abyssinia; Kenya; Tanganyika; Ngamiland; Mozambique; Orange 
Free State. 

Caryonopera pyrrholopha sp.n. (Figure 60) 

^ 35 mm. Antenna bipectinate, pectinations ten times as long as diameter of shaft. Palpus five 
times as long as diameter of eye, second segment one-half as long as whole; pinkish buffirrorate 
with bister and a very pale pearl blue. Frons, vertex, patagia and tegulae bister, scales tipped 
with a very pale pearl blue. Thorax bister. Metathoracic crests and crest on first abdominal 
segment burnt umber. Abdomen drab irrorate with hair brown; anal tuft tilleul buff. Fore wing 
drab irrorate with fuscous and a very pale pearl blue; transverse fasciae fuscous black; medial 
area, posterior of discal area, occupied by a trapezoid area of fuscous black; costal patch in medial 
area and reniform spot fuscous black; subterminal fascia edged proximally with light cinnamon 
drab ; distal third of cubitus broadly light cinnamon drab ; termen slenderly fuscous black ; cilia 
fuscous irrorate with a very pale pearl blue. Underside drab irrorate with fuscous distally and 
lightly irrorate with a very pale pearl blue in discal and terminal areas. Hind wing drab; anal 
fold irrorate densely with fuscous black and lightly with a very pale pearl blue; termen and cilia 
as on fore wing. Underside similar to that of fore wing, but more densely irrorate distally with 
both fuscous and very pale pearl blue. 

Genitalia. Uncus simple, curved and tapered with a short spine at apex. Valve membranous 
with a weak, slender, line-like ridge medially in basal half. Aedeagus equal in length to valve. 
Vesica with a weak, scobinate area medially. 

Differs from other species in the genus in the absence of a triangular, fuscous area in the distal 
fourth of the costal area of the fore wing, in the presence of a broad, light cinnamon drab streak 
on the distal third of the cubitus and in the structure of the genitalia. 

huwenzori : Mahoma River, 6700 ft., 1 3-16. viii. 1952 (Fletcher), holotype J. 

Rivulana continentalis (Gaede) 
Rivula continentalis Gaede, 1939, in Seitz, Gross-schmett. Erde, 15:310. 
Uganda: Fort Portal, 5000 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Kenya (Nairobi). 

Rivula sp. 

ruwenzori: Namwamba Valley, 10,200 ft. (Jackson), 1 $. 

Possibly the female of R. Jophosoma Hampson (1926), but the material available is insufficient 
"or any conclusion to be reached. 

Rivula catadela sp.n. (Figures 55, 57, 284-286) 
23-24 mm. First abdominal segment white; remainder of vestiture pale pinkish buff to light 
>uff irrorate with tawny and cinnamon brown, lightly in costal area, increasingly densely ter- 
ninad; cell spot variable, whole or divided, fuscous black or fuscous mixed with pallid vinaceous 



236 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

drab ; transverse fasciae marked with varying intensity by fuscous black interneural spots ; in one 
example terminal interneural spots, pallid vinaceous drab ringed with fuscous black, are marked 
anterior of vein Ctii\ cilia drab, proximal two-thirds irrorate with bister; tips of scales bister. 
Underside: costa and termen warm to orange buff; remainder tilleul buff suffused with bister; 
cilia as upperside. Hind wing white; termen and cilia bister. Underside light buff, veins warm 
buff, the whole very lightly irrorate with bister ; cell spot bister ; termen slenderly bister ; cilia as 
on fore wing. 

Male genitalia. Uncus slender, simple and tapered. Valve membranous. Apex of aedeagus 
slightly produced and narrowly rounded. Vesica with two scobinate bands and a single apical 
cornutus. 

Female genitalia as illustrated. 

Closely related to the palaearctic R. sericealis (Scopoh), differing externally in the brown 
instead of yellow fore wing and in the brown-bordered hind wing and structurally in the shape 
of the uncus in the male genitalia and in the more extensively sclerotized ductus bursae and in the 
presence of two instead of three signa in the bursa copulatrix in the female genitalia. 

ruwenzori: Bwamba Pass, 5500-7500 ft., xii. 193 4-L1935 (Edwards), holotype o*; Nyina- 
bitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), allotype 9- 

Kenya : Aberdare Range, Katamayo, 8000 ft., x.1934 (Edwards), 1 A . 

Plecoptera melanoscia Hampson 

Plecoptera melanoscia Hampson, 1926, Descr. Gen. Spec. Noctuinae, 269. 
UGANDA : Fort Portal, 5000 ft. (Edwards), 1^,1$. 

Distribution: Gold Coast; Belgian Congo; Sudan; Kenya; Tanganyika; Nyasaland; Rhodesia; 
Transvaal; Natal. 

Rhesala goleta (Felder) 
Antiblemma (?) goleta Felder, 1874, Reise Novara, Zool., 2 (2), Plate 120:5. 

ruwenzori: Bwamba Pass, 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 1 $; Namwamba Valley, 8300 ft. 
(Gibbons), 1 $. 

Distribution: Gold Coast; Cameroons; Uganda; Kenya; Nyasaland; Portuguese E. Africa 
Natal. 

Raparna tritonias Hampson 
Raparna tritonias Hampson, 1902, Ann. S. Afr. Mus., 2:395. 
Kenya : Mt. Elgon, 8500 ft. (Jackson), 1 $. 
Distribution : Belgian Congo ; Uganda ; Kenya to Pondoland. 

Xanthodesma aurata Aurivillius 

Xanthodesma aurata Aurivillius, 1910, in Sjostedt, Wiss.Ergeb. Schwed. Zool.Expedn. Kilimanc 
jaro-Meru 1905-06, 9:34, Plate 2:3. 

ruwenzori: Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 

Distribution: Uganda; Tanganyika; Nyasaland. 



Noctuidae 



237 



Maxera brachypecten Hampson 
Maxera brachypecten Hampson, 1926, Descr. Gen. Spec. Noctuinae, 301. 
Uganda : Masaka (Edwards), 1 $. 

Distribution: Gambia; Ivory Coast; Belgian Congo; Uganda; Kenya; Tanganyika; Nyasa- 
land; Portuguese E. Africa. 

Maxera marchalii (Boisduval) 

Ophiusa marchalii Boisduval, 1834, Faune ent. Madagascar, 105, Plate 13:4. 
Herminia nigrifrontalis Walker, 1858, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 16:238. 
Herminia kerima Felder, 1874, Reise Novara, Zool., 2 (2), Plate 120:38. 
Renodes pallidula Butler, 1875, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 16:409. 
Alatnis nigrocollaris Saalmiiller, 1891, Lep. Madagascar, 490, Plate 9:149. 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 <J. 

Distribution: Africa south of Sahara; Comoro Is.; Madagascar. 

Maxera bathyscia sp.n. (Figures 56, 287, 288) 

(J 30 mm. Antenna ciliate, cilia equal in length to diameter of shaft. Palpus two and one-half 
times as long as diameter of eye. Scape light buff. Palpus, frons, vertex and patagia hair brown. 
Thorax and abdomen pinkish buff irrorate with hair brown. Fore wing sayal brown irrorate with 
deep mouse grey and hair brown ; ante- and postmedial fasciae fuscous black, the former marked 
from costa to cubitus, the latter from costa to radius; subtenninal fascia light buff edged distally 
with a band of sayal brown, which is weakly coloured except between veins R 5 and Cut, where it 
is intensely marked and edged distally with black ; an arcuate terminal area, including cilia, between 
apex and vein Citi is uniformly deep mouse grey; termen very slenderly pinkish buff, except in 
mouse grey area, where there are dots only at vein ends ; remainder of cilia sayal brown irrorate 
with hair brown; discocellulars slenderly and clearly light buff. Underside of both wings, includ- 
ing cilia, light buff densely and evenly irrorate with bister ; fore wing especially dark beneath dark 
terminal area of upperside ; postmedial and subterminal fasciae entire and bister ; cell spot on fore 
wing as on upperside, that of hind wing bister; termen slenderly light buff, broken on fore wing 
as on upperside. 

Genitalia. Uncus slender and curved with a short hook at apex. Valve as illustrated. Acdeagus 
with sclerotized folds at apex. Vesica with four small, triangular sclerotized areas in apical fourth; 
one is very heavily sclerotized. 

Related to Maxera atripunctata (Hampson, 1910), differing in the striking pattern of the fore 
wing and in the structure of the genitalia. 

ruwenzori : Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edwards), holotype 

Marca proclinata Saalmiiller 

Marca proclinata Saalmiiller, 1891, Lep. Madagascar, 486, Plate 9:138. 
Acantholipes loxia Hampson, 1905, Ann. S. Afr. Mus., 3:434. 
Corgatha arcuata B.-Baker, 1911, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (7) 8:522. 



238 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft. {Fletcher), 2 (J, 1 $. 

Uganda: Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $; Fort Portal, 5000 ft. (Edwards), 1 q*. 

Distribution: Gambia; Ivory Coast; Gold Coast; Nigeria; Angola; Belgian Congo; Kenya 
Natal. 

Cosmophila auragoides Guenee 

Cosmophila auragoides Guenee, 1852, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gen. Lep., 6:397. 

Cosmophila auragoides Guenee, Tarns. 1924. Trans, ent. Soc. Lond., 1924:21-23, Plate 1: 

2:2; 3:5. 

ruwenzori: Namwamba Valley, 6500 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Africa south of Sahara; Madagascar. 

Cosmophila sp. 

ruwenzori: Bwamba Pass, 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 1 

Possibly the female of C. punctulata (Holland, 1894), but material available is insufficient 
any conclusion to be reached. 

Radara vacillans Walker 

Radara vacillans Walker, 1862, Trans, ent. Soc. Lond., (3) 1:95. 
Sophronia (?) capensis Walker, 1862, torn, cit., p. 110. 
Sarmatia divisalis Walker, 1865, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 34:1131. 

Simplisia (sic) trausmissa Hcydcn in Saalmiiller, 189 1, Lep. Madagascar, 490, Figure 200. 
Uganda: Fort Portal, 5000 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Uganda; Transvaal; Cape Province. 

Tatorinia pallidipennis Hampson 
Tatorinia pallidipennis Hampson, 1926, Descr. Gen. Spec. Noctuinae, 448. 
ruwenzori: Mahoma River, 6700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Nigeria; Cameroons; Kivu. 

Pleuronodes trogopera (Hampson) 

Pleurona trogopera Hampson, 1910, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1910:444, Plate 38:4 

Pleurona odorino Bryk, 1915, Arch. Naturgesch., 81 A4:n, Figure 10. 

Pleuronodes trogopera f. tessmanni Gaede, 1940, in Seitz, Gross-schmett. Erde, 15:348. 

ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 (J. 

Distribution: Cameroons; Nyasaland; Rhodesia. 



Noctuidae 



239 



Pleuronodes arida (Hampson) 
Zcthes arida Hampson, 1902, Ami. S. Afr. Mus., 2:427. 
ruwenzori : Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $; Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Uganda : Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 1 <$; Fort Portal, 5000 ft. (Edivards), 2 $. 
Distribution: Belgian Congo; Uganda; Kenya; Tanganyika; Transvaal; Natal. 

Antarchaea curvifera Hampson 
Atitarchaea curvifera Hampson, 1926, Descr. Gen. Spec. Noctuinae, 619. 
KENYA : Mt. Elgon, 11,000 ft. (Edwards), 2 
Distribution: Kenya (Mt. Kenya). 

HYPENINAE 

Hypena strigatus (Fabricius) 
Crambus strigatus Fabricius, 1798, Ent. Syst., Suppl., 467. 
kenya : Katamayo, 8000 ft. (Edwards), 1 (J, 1 $. 
Distribution: Africa south of Sahara; Mauritius; Oriental region. 

Hypena derasalis Guenee 

Hypena derasalis Guenee, 1854, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gen. Lep., 8:27. 
Hypena vulgatalis Walker, 1858, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 16:82. 
Hypena palpitralis Walker, 1858, loc. cit. 
Hypena disclusalis Walker, 1865, op. cit., 34:1136. 

ruwenzori : Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

Distribution: Sokotra; Abyssinia; Uganda; Kenya to Cape Province. 

Hypena phricocyma sp.n. (Figures 61, 62, 110, 112) 

c?? 33-34 mm. Hitherto confused with Hypena derasalis Guenee (1854), from which it maybe 
distinguished by the shape and pattern of the fore wing and by the genitalia of both sexes. Fore 
wing with termen more bowed and apex less produced than in derasalis; postmedial fascia acutely 
angled proximad on vein Ai\ in derasalis this fascia is either lunulate on Ai or extends straight to 
inner margin; subterminal fascia with two black spots edged distally with white, one between 
veins R 4 and R s , the other situate more proximad, between R 5 and Mr, in derasalis these spots 
are weakly edged with buff and situate in a straight, not a diagonal line; a wholly white, sub- 
terminal spot is situate in submcdial fold and, rarely, a second at inner margin; neither spot is 
present in derasalis; a fascia, dark in male, light buff in female, extends diagonally across medial 
area from one-fourth costa to join postmedial fascia on vein Ai; proximal two-thirds of inner 
margin snuff brown posterior of vein Ai in female; both diagonal fascia and snuff brown shading 
of inner margin wanting in derasalis. 



240 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

The male genitalia differ in the broader valve and in the broad uncus (ratio of middle width 
of uncus to narrowest width of aedeagus 10:7; in derasalis 5:6). 

In the female genitalia the bursa copulatrix is instrate*; in derasalis it is wholly membranous. 

s.e.sudan: Didinga Distr., Nagichot, 6700 ft., xii. 1925-1.1926 (Dr. G. D. H. Carpenter), 1 M 

ruwenzori : 6000 ft., 30.xii.1905, 1 ibid., 3.ii.i9o6, allotype Bwamba Pass (West side), 
5500-7500 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edwards), holotype 

kenya : Mt. Kenya, north-east to south-east, vii.1930 (E. Barns), 1 $; Masai Reserve, 20.V.1913 
(A. O. Luckman), 1 

Tanganyika: Kilimandjaro (Hanniugton), 1 

mt. Cameroon: Onyanga, 5400 ft., 284.1932 (M. Steele), 1 J; Musake, 6350 ft., 134.1932 
(M. Steele), 1 Mann's Quelle, 7400 ft., 304.1932 (M. Steele), 2 1 

Hypena aridoxa sp.n. (Figures 64, 65) 

o* 35 mm.; $ 42-45 mm. Male antenna ciliate; cilia twice as long as diameter of shaft. Vestiture 
drab; palpus lightly irrorate with snuff brown and fuscous. Fore whig: distal third of costal area 
light vinaceous cinnamon, posterior of which is a bister shade, as illustrated; remainder of wing 
densely irrorate with snuff brown and fuscous, the fuscous scales giving a rippled effect; antemedial 
fascia, extending from cubitus to vein Ai only, and postmedial fascia, from radius to vein Ai, 
tawny, the latter pale-edged distally; subterminal fascia marked as ill-defined, fuscous black, 
interneural spots posterior of vein M 2 only; orbicular spot fuscous black; medial third of medial 
area bister in male. Male hind wing white suffused with fuscous, except in anterior third. Female 
hind wing uniformly suffused with fuscous. 

Genitalia of both sexes similar to those of the preceding species. 

Distinct in colour and pattern from other species in the genus. 

ruwenzori: Nakitawa ( = Nyinabitaba), 8700 ft., 23.ii.1924 (R. Gunnis), 1 $; Nyinabitaba, 
8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), holotype o* and 3 including allotype. 

A more reddish-brown female from Mt. Cameroon (Mann's Quelle, 7400 ft., 304.1932, 
M. Steele) may represent a subspecies. 

Hypena euprepes sp.n. (Figure 63) 

33 mm. Male antenna ciliate; cilia two and one-half times as long as diameter of shaft. Palpus 
and abdomen light buff irrorate with bister, the former densely, the latter lightly; frons, vertex 
and patagia wood brown; thorax and tegulae bister. Fore wing buffy brown to olive brown: 
distal third, except apical area, lightly striate with fuscous-black ; anterior half of medial are? 
fuscous finely edged with light buff and cinnamon. Hind wing white to light buff; anal margir 
and terminal area lightly irrorate with fuscous. 

Genitalia of both sexes similar to those of aridoxa and phricocyma, but the species is distinct ii 
both colour and pattern. 

north kivu : Birunga Volcanoes, Saddle Mikeno-Karisimbi, April '24 (T. A. Barns), holotypi 
o*; Virunga Mtns., 9000 ft., Oct. 1921 (T. A. Barns), allotype $. 

ruwenzori: Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 

* 'Completely covered with spines', Pierce, 19 14, Genitalia Geometridae Brit. Isles, 82. 



Noctuidae 



241 



Hypena antimima sp.n. (Figures 71, 119, 120) 

(J$ 21-24 mm. Similar in colour and pattern to H. erastrialis Walker (1865) (Figure 72), to which 
it is closely related; it differs in its smaller size (erastrialis wing-span 27-28-5 mm.), in the more 
sinuous postmedial fascia, which is often strongly toothed distad on submedial fold, and in the 
reduction or complete absence of bister suffusion in distal third of wing posterior of discal area. 

Male genitaha. Basal third of valve with minutely spiculate area medially; this area is lightly 
sclerotized and not spiculate in erastrialis (Figure 122). Manica and apex of juxta adorned with 
strong spines equal in length to medial width of aedeagus ; these spines are weak and very short 
in erastrialis. Aedeagus obtusely angled near middle ; ratio of basal part to apical part 5:4; in 
erastrialis 5:3. 

Female genitaha. Operculum sclerotized and wrinkled. Ductus bursae sclerotized and densely 
spiculate. Bursa copulatrix membranous and ovate. In erastrialis (Figure 121) the operculum is 
very weakly sclerotized; the ductus bursae is membranous and weakly spiculate anteriorly only; 
the bursa copulatrix is globular with a signum in posterior fourth. 

gold coast: Bibianaha, 24-26.X.1911 (H. G. F. Sptirrell), 1 ibid., 700 ft., xii.1911, 1 9; 
ibid., 700 ft., v.1912, 2 $. 

cameroons : Bitje, Ja River, 2000 ft., Wet season, iv-v.1912 (G. L. Bates), 1 o*. 

Uganda : Semliki Forest, 2850 ft., 22.viii-3.ix. 1952 (Fletcher), holotype J and allotype $. 

ruwenzori: Kilembc, 4500 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edwards), 1 

nyasaland: Lower Shire Valley, 600 ft., 16.vii.1913 (S. A. Neave), 1 1 $; Mt. Mlanje, 
14.V.1913 (5. A. Neave), 1 

Hypena mesomelaena Hampson 
Hypena mesomelaena Hampson, 1902, Ann. S. Afr. Mus., 2:430. 
ruwenzori : Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 1 
Distribution: Uganda; Kenya; Cape Province. 

Hypena albirhomboidea A. E. Prout (Figures 68, 114) 
Hypena albirhomboidea A. E. Prout, 1921, Bull. Hill Mus., 1 (i):i32, Plate 17:14. 

ruwenzori : Near Lake Mahoma, Upper Bamboo Zone, 9600 ft. (Fletcher), 3 Nyamaleju, 
110,530 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $; Namwamba Valley, 10,200 ft. (Jackson), 5 3 $; Bigo, 11,400 ft. 
'Fletcher), 1 $. 

Distribution: Ruwenzori. 

Hypena porphyrophaes sp. (Figures 73, 115) 

^31 mm. Antenna ciliate ; cilia three times as long as diameter of shaft. Similar in pattern to the 
5receding species, but differing in colour, the fore wing being suffused with light vinaccous fawn 
md the hind wing lightly suffused with cinnamon drab. H. albirhomboidea is a rather larger species 
with an average whig-span of 3 8 mm. ; hi that species the cilia of the male antenna are twice as 
ong as the diameter of the shaft. 
5 



242 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

Genitalia. Similar to those of albirhomboidca, but differing in the shorter and apically more 
rounded valve and in the shape of the juxta. 

kenya : Mt. Elgon, 11,000 ft., ii.1935 (Edwards), holotype q\ 

Hypena scotina sp.n. (Figures 66, 67, 109) 

<$ 36-43 mm.; $ 34-38 mm. Male antenna ciliate; cilia three times as long as diameter of shaft. 
Male fore wing variable in colour, olive brown to buffy brown; a few examples are suffused 
with a vinaceous colour, close to benzo brown; antemedial fascia right-angled in discal fold; 
postmedial fascia curved basad in submcdial fold, both fasciae tawny irrorate with fuscous black 
and marked in varying strength between radius and ve'mAi only; postmedial fascia usually dark- 
shaded proximally in discal area; subterminal fascia, when present, marked as spots on veins, 
black edged distally with white; discocellulars fuscous black; reniform spot usually black, rarely 
white. Female fore wing sayal brown to snuff brown, medial and subterminal areas darker, the 
whole very lightly irrorate with black; transverse fasciae as in male, but postmedial very pale- 
edged; broad diagonal, apical streak sayal brown. Hind wing in both sexes tilleul buff irrorate 
with fuscous. 

Genitalia of both sexes similar to those of albirhomboidca A. E. Prout, differing only in the more 
strongly scobinate sheath round the apical half of the aedeagus in the male. 

Differs from albirhomboidca in the longer cilia of the male antennae (cilia of albirhomboidca equal 
in length to twice diameter of shaft) ; in the fore wmg in the almost complete absence of white 
irroration and the absence of the large, round, black discal spot; in the hind wing in the dark, 
even irroration and the absence of a conspicuous discocellular mark. 

Male specimens from Lake Bujuku and the alpine level of the Namwamba Valley are larger 
(42-43 mm.) than those from lower elevations (36-39 mm.). 

ruwenzori: Namwamba Valley, 8300 ft., xii. 193 4-1.1935 (Edwards), 1 Mobuku Valley, 
8350 ft., 10.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 $; Kararama, 
9000 ft. xii.1934-1.1935 (Jackson), 1 ^; Namwamba Valley, 10,200 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edwards), 
4 (J, 1 $; ibid.(Jackson), 1 3 $; Nyamaleju, 10,530 ft., 14-19. vii. 1952 (Fletcher), 14 4$, includ- 
ing holotype and allotype; Bigo, 11,400 ft., 20-22.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 8 $ in the British Museum;! 
Bigo, 3300 m., 24.iii-5.iv.1948 (A. Holm), 6 I $; ibid., 3450 m., 1 $ in the Naturhistoriska 
Riksmuseum, Stockholm; Mijusi Valley, 3700 m., 28.iii.1948 (A. Holm), 1 <$ in the Naturhis-! 
toriska Riksmuseum, Stockholm; Lamia Valley, 11,900 ft., 30-31.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 q*, 2 
Kimemba Camp, 11,900 ft., i.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 1^,1$; Nyamgasani Valley, 12-13,000 ft., 
xii.1934-i.1935 (Buxton), 2 $; Namwamba Valley, 12-13,000 ft., xii. 1934-1.1935 (Edwards), 1 <$\ 
ibid. (Jackson), $; Lake Bujuku, 13,050 ft., 22-28. vii. 1952 (Fletcher), 4 (J, 2 

Two worn specimens from the Aberdare Range in Kenya (Nyeri Track, 10,500-11,000 ft. 
1 Mt. Kinangop, 8000 ft., 1 $) may represent a subspecies. 

Hypena sp. 

ruwenzori: Mahoma River, 6700 ft., 13-16.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 genitalia preparatioi 
Noctuidae Number 2861. 



Noctuidae 



243 



Hypena directa (Gaede M.S.) sp.n. (Figures 70, 105, 106, 108) 

(J$ 30-33 mm. Male antenna ciliate; cilia subequal in length to diameter of shaft. Vestiture Verona 
brown; crests on first three abdominal segments tipped cinnamon. Fore wing: proximad 
of almost straight, white postmedial fascia Verona brown lightly irrorate with pale vinaceous 
drab, rather paler brown proximad of antemedial fascia, which is ill-defined and bowed terminad 
medially; distad of postmedial fascia is situate a band of pale vinaceous drab, broad in female; 
remainder of wing Verona brown irregularly suffused with pale vinaceous drab ; subterminal 
fascia ill-defined, sinuous and fuscous with a conspicuous white spot between veins ,R 4 and R5 ; 
discocellulars, which are situate in the pale vinaceous drab band, conspicuously Verona brown, 
sometimes entire, sometimes broken into two or three spots. Hind wing uniformly Prout's 
brown to bister. 

Male genitalia. Valve membranous, of almost even width; apical edge of juxta scobinate. 
Apical half of aedeagus twice as broad as basal half. 

Female genitalia. Bursa copulatrix shaped as illustrated, instrate except for anterior eighth. 

Distinguished from other African species of Hypena by its conspicuous colour and pattern and 
by the structure of the genitalia. 

Fernando po : (W. Cooper), 5 1 9, including holotype and allotype. 

gold coast : Bibianaha, 700 ft., iii.1912 (H. G. F. Spurrell), 1 

cameroons : Johaim-Albrcchts Hohe, 1898 (L. Conradt), 2 <$\ Bitje, Ja River, 2000 ft., Wet 
season, iv-v.1912 (G. L. Bates), 1 

Belgian congo: Escarpment west Semliki Valley, 20 mis. S.W. of Boga, 3500-4000 ft., 
vii.1924 (T. A. Bams), 1 W. Kivu, Lowa Distr., Lowowo Valley, 4000 ft., hi. 1924, Wet 
season (T. A. Barns), 1 §. 

ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft., 4-12.ix.1952 {Fletcher), 1 2. 

br. E. Africa: N. Kavirondo, Maramas Distr., 4500 ft., 18.vi.1911 (5. A. Neave), 1 q*. 

The four specimens from Belgian Congo, Uganda and Kenya have the postmedial fascia 
slightly angled distad in the discal and submedial folds and may represent a distinct subspecies. 

Hypena chionosticha sp.n. (Figures 69, ill, 113) 

J$ 35 mm. Male antenna ciliate; cilia subequal in length to diameter of shaft. Vestiture cinnamon 
orown to bister; crest on first abdominal segment warm buff. Fore wing cinnamon brown more 
?r less irrorate with bister, basal and medial areas the most densely irrorate; antemedial fascia 
fender, dentate and bister; postmedial fascia sinuous, bister proximally, light ochraceous buff 
listally; subterminal fascia represented by interneural spots, black edged distally with white; 
orbicular spot black, sometimes edged distally with white. Hind wing uniformly Prout's brown 
1 bister. 

Male genitalia. Valves clothed with long, deciduous, black scales and shaped as illustrated with 
light concavity at apex. 

Female genitalia. Ductus bursae and bursa copulatrix membranous, the latter adorned as 
llustrated. 



244 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

Distinguished from other African species of the genus by size and. pattern and in the genitalia 
by the shape of the valve in the male and by the signum on the bursa copulatrix in the female. 

Uganda: Mabira Forest, Chagwe, 3500-3800 ft., 17.vii.1911 (5. A. Neave), holotype <J and 
allotype $. 

ruwenzori: Namwamba Valley, 8300 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Gibbins), 1 q\ 
nyas aland : Mt. Mlanje, 22.iii.1913 (S. A. Neave), 1 $. 

Hypena biangulata (Gaede M.S.) sp.n. (Figures 74, 306) 

O* 28-30 mm. Antenna ciliate; cilia three times as long as diameter of shaft. Vestiture light buff 
irrorate with dusky drab and fuscous, more strongly along submedial fold in medial area and in 
discal fold distad of postmedial fascia; antemedial fascia acutely angled on cubitus, postmedial 
fascia acutely angled in discal and submedial folds, the latter angle more conspicuous; both 
fasciae fuscous black irrorate with tawny ; broad, diagonal apical streak of ground colour. Hind 
wing white irrorate with fuscous at base and slenderly along anal margin and at apex, narrowing 
along termen as illustrated. 

Genitalia. Valve with long, apically rounded process in dorsal half. 

Similar in pattern to the figure of Dichromia (?) aculeifera Aurivillius (1925); the unique type, 
from Fernando Po, was destroyed in Hamburg during the last war. No material from the island 
is at present available for structural investigation and comparison. 

brit. E. Africa: E. slopes of Aberdare Mts., 7-8500 ft., 24-26.ii.1911 (S. A. Neave), 5 
including holotype. 

Two females with the following data are probably conspecific: 

eastern congo : Kisenyi to Rutchuru, Sept. 1925 (Mrs. E. Barns), 1 $. 

ruwenzori : Mahoma River, 6700 ft., 13-16.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 

Hypena eucrossa sp.n. (Figures 77, 107) 

$33 mm. Abdomen light drab, each segment edged posteriorly with tilleul buff; remainder of 
vestiture light buff mixed with fuscous; tegulae with a few tawny hair-scales. Fore wing pinkish 
buff to cinnamon buff irrorate with fuscous, but only lightly in medial area and at apex, where 
there is a broad, diagonal streak of ground colour ; antemedial fascia bowed slightly basad medially, 
postmedial acutely angled terminad in discal fold, both of clear ground colour; subterminal 
fascia consists of interneural spots, black edged distally with white; orbicular spot black; termen 
slenderly black, interrupted at veins. Hind wing uniformly hair brown. 

Genitalia. Ductus bursae and bursa copulatrix membranous, the latter weakly instrate, with a 
slender, horizontal band of slightly stouter spines medially. 

Distinguished from other African species of Hypena by the shape of the medial area and 
especially by the acutely angled postmedial fascia on the fore wing. 

ruwenzori : Mahoma River, 6700 ft., 13-16.viii.1952 (Fletcher), holotype 

Hypena albizona sp.n. (Figures 78, 309) 

<J 31-33 mm. Antenna ciliate; cilia equal in length to diameter of shaft. Abdomen tilleul buff 
irrorate with fuscous ; crests on segments 2-4 black ; remainder of vestiture fuscous, scales tippedj 

■ 



Noctuidae 245 

with light buff. Fore wing drab densely irrorate with snuff brown and fuscous ; sub medial fold 
irrorate with black at one-third and densely at two-thirds ; a broad and conspicuous, white fascia 
extends from two-thirds costa to six-sevenths inner margin; two black spots, edged distally with 
white, are situate in subterrninal area, one between veins R 4 and R$, the other between R5 and 
Mi', orbicular spot black or white; diagonal, apical streak snuff brown. Hind wing uniformly 
hair brown. 

Genitalia. Valve with curved ridge extending longitudinally along middle of valve from base 
to join digitate process at apex, as illustrated. 

Related to H. hiangulata sp.n., differing in colour, pattern and genitalia. 

RUWENZORi: Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edwards), 2 
Mahoma River, 6700 ft., 13-16.viii.1952 (Fletcher), holotype q. 

Hypena prionodes sp.n. (Figures 75, 76, 118, 305) 

<J$ 30-33 mm. Male antenna ciliate; cilia equal in length to diameter of shaft. Similar in colour 
to the preceding species, but differing in pattern. Postmedial fascia of fore wing acutely angled 
or bowed distad in submedial fold, also in discal fold in some examples, and edged distally in 
some male examples by a pale fascia of tilleul buff or light buff and in the female by a fascia, 
usually broad, of pale vinaceous drab ; broad terminal shade acutely angled proximad in discal 
and submedial folds in female; broad, diagonal, apical streak cinnamon buff; orbicular spot 
black. The hind wing; differs from that of albizona in having the anterior fourth white. 

The male genitalia differ from those of albizona in the stouter, shorter valve, the shallower 
medial ridge and the shorter apical process. 

Female genitalia. Ductus bursae slender and membranous, equal in length to the longer 
diameter of the bursa copulatrix, which is ovate, membranous and without signa. 

ruwenzori: Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft., xii-i934-i.i935 (Edwards), 1 $; 
Misigo, 8550 ft., 2-3.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 q , 3 $, including holotype and allotype; Nyinabitaba, 
8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 6 3 Nakitawa ( = Nyinabitaba) , 8700 ft., 23.ii.1924 (R. 
Gnnnis), 3 ^. 

Hypena sp. 

ruwenzori: Mahoma River, 6700 ft., 13-16.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 genitalia preparation 
Noctuidae Number 2875. 

Closely related to H. punctkosta A. E. Prout (1925), but slightly larger and with rather dif- 
ferently shaped wings. 

Hypena obliqualis Kollar 

Hypena obliqualis Kollar, 1844, in Hugel, Kaschmir und das Reich der Siek, 4:491. 

Hypena masnrialis Guenee, 1854, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gen. Lep., 8:38. 

Hypena obacerralis Walker, 1858, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 16:53. 

Hypena ferriscitalis Walker, 1865, op. cit., 34:1142. 

Hypena comes Butler, 1882, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (5) 10:233. 

Rhynchina eremialis Swinhoe, 1889, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1889:417. 

Hypena invenustalis Swinhoe, 1890, Trans, ent. Soc. Lond., 1890:260. 



246 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

Uganda: Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. {Fletcher), 1 $; Kalinzu Forest [Jackson), 1 

Distribution: Africa south of Sahara; Mascarene region; Seychelles Is.; Arabia; India to 
Australia; Bismarck Archipelago; Fiji. 

Hypena conscitalis Walker 

Hypena conscitalis Walker, 1865, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 34:1509. 
Xanthopera semilutea Snellen, 1872, Tijdschr. Ent., 15:57, Plate 5:3. 

ruwenzori : Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

Uganda: Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. (Fletcher), 1 

Distribution: Africa south of Sahara; Madagascar; Seychelles Is.; India to Australia; Fiji. 

Dichromia m. mutilata (Strand) 
Orixa (?) mutilata Strand, 1909, Dtsch. ent. Z., 22:118. 

ruwenzori: Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 1 o*, 1 $; Namwamba 
Valley, 6500 ft. (Jackson), % 2 

Distribution: Uganda; Ruanda. Represented on the island of Sao Thome by subspecies effusa 
A. E. Prout (1927). 

Sarmatia sp. 

Uganda: Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 1 genitalia preparation Noctuidae Number 
2876. 

Closely related to and possibly a subspecies of Sarmatia interitalis Guenee (1854) (Suma incon- 1 
grualis Walker, 1865 = Syn.n.) ; differs in the less specialized scaphium, in the rhomboid valve 
and in the better developed cornutus. 

Britha brithodes (Hampson M.S.) sp.n. (Figures 80, 291-295) 

O* 24-25 mm.; $ 21 mm. Male antenna ciliate; cilia twice as long as diameter of shaft. Female 
antenna minutely ciliate. Palpus six times as long as diameter of eye; third segment long and 
slender. Vestiture tilleul buff irrorate with bister, vertex and patagia suffused with cream buff. 
Fore wing tilleul buff irrorate with bister and tawny, densely along proximal half of costal area, I 
proximad of diagonal, white postmedial fascia, especially posterior of radius, and proximad of 
pale, diagonal subterrninal fascia; termen slenderly bister; costa with five short, white flecks 
between postmedial and subterrninal fasciae; cilia narrowly white proximally, broadly bister 
distally, except at apex which is uniformly white. Hind wing tilleul buff evenly irrorate with 
snuff brown ; anal margin marked with short, bister fasciae, one at one-half and one at three- | 
fourths, each edged distally with a slender fascia of the ground colour ; each fascia extends only 
to vein Cu 2 ; cilia as on fore wing. 
Genitalia as illustrated. 

The species shares a number of features with the type species of Britha — palpal structure, shape i 
of uncus and slight asymmetry of valves, as well as being similar in general pattern ; it differs, 
however, in the structure of the antennae, which are ciliate and not bipectinate and in the simpler 



Noctuidae 247 

valve structure. Closely similar in both colour and pattern to Britha luzonica (Wileman & West, 
1930), from the Oriental region, but differing in the structure of the genitalia. 

Uganda : Kampala, 13.V.1933 (H. B. Johnston), holotype £ and allotype 2; Masaka, Lwengo, 
22.iv.1935 (H. B. Johnston), 1 Bundibugyo, 3440 ft., 22.viii-3.ix. 1952 (Fletcher), 1 

Belgian congo : Efcabethville, 19.xii.1949 (Ch. Seydel), 1 q. 

n. Nigeria: Kateregi, 12.ix.1910 (Scott Macfie), 1 2. 

gold coast: Bibianaha, 700 ft., xii.1911 (H. G. F. Spurrell), 1 J; N. Territories, Ketc 
Krachi (A. W. Cardinal!), 1 2. 
natal: Durban, 1906 (A T. Cooke), 1 2. 

Simplicia extinctalis (Zeller) 

Herminia extinctalis Zeller, 1852, Lepidoptera Microptcra quae J. A. Wahlbcrg in CafFrorum terra 
collegit, 13. 

Herminia extinctalis Zeller, 1854, K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl., 13. 
Simplicia inarcualis Guenee, 1854, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gen. Lep., 8:52. Syn.n. 
Sophronia (?) capalis Walker, 1858, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 16:95. 

huwenzori : Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 Mobuku Valley, 7800 ft. (Edwards), 1 2 2. 

Distribution: Africa south of Sahara; Madagascar. 

The specimens from the Mobuku Valley, well up in the montane rain forest, are larger (wing- 
span 31.5-33 mm.) than that from Ibanda (wing-span 28-5 mm.), in the drier, cultivated zone. 

Nodaria nodosalis (Herrich Schaeffer) (Figs. 123, 125, 300) 

Herminia nodosalis Herrich-Schaeffer, 1851, Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europa, 2:385, Plate 118:605. 
Herminia acthiopalis Herrich-Schaeffer, 1851, torn, cit., p. 386, Plate 119:612. 
Bocana aesopusalis Walker, 1858, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 16:185. Syn.n. 

Nodaria extemalis Guenee Janse nec Guenee, 1917, Check-list South African Lep. Het., 65, Number 
1022. 

Uganda: Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. (Fletcher), 1 3 9; Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 1 2. 

Distribution: Fernando Po; Sierra Leone; Gold Coast; Nigeria; Cameroons; Uganda; Kenya; 
N. Pvhodesia; Transvaal; Natal; Cape Province. 

Hampson (1895, Moths of India, 3:56) included Bocana aesopusalis Walker in the synonymy 
of extemalis Guenee (1854), together with several other names, which represent distinct species. 
The genitalia of neither the European nor the African species have been matched with those of 
my species from the Oriental region so far examined. 

Nodaria lophobela sp.n. (Figures 126, 297-299) 
similar in size, colour and pattern to N. nodosalis (H.Sch.), differing in the structure of the male 
intennae and in the genitalia of both sexes. 

The male antenna bears a dense tuft of hair-scales, a little longer than the diameter of the eye, 
t one-half; tins tuft is not present in nodosalis. The pale, subterminal spots on the fore wing are 
lsually smaller and less conspicuous than in nodosalis, but this is a variable and unreliable character. 

The male genitalia differ from those of nodosalis (Figure 123) in the asymmetry and shape of 
he valves and in the larger cornuti on the vesica (Figure 300). 



248 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

The female genitalia differ in the broader, more heavily sclerotized ductus bursae and in the 
shape and ornamentation of the bursa copulatrix. 

sierra leone : (A. B. Frere), 1 Freetown (A. Bacot), 2 $. 

gold coast : N. Territories, Kete-Krachi (A. W. Cardinall), 1 q\ 2 $; Coomassie (H. White- 
side), 1 o*. 

cameroons : Bitje, Ja River, 2000 ft., x-xi.1913, 1 5*. 

ruwenzori: 6000 ft., 30.1.1906, 1 6*; Kilembe, 4500 ft., xii. 193 4—1.193 5 (Edwards), 1 3*; 
Ibanda, 4700 ft., 4-6.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 

lake victoria : Nkosi I., S. Sesse Is., 25-27.V.1928 (G. D. Hale Carpenter), 1 2 $. 

nyas aland : Mlanje, Luchenya R., 5-23.iv.1913 (S. A. Neave), 2 1 $; Mt. Mlanje, I4.iv. 
1913^ 1 6*; ibid., 23-24.V.1913, holotype ^ and allotype $; ibid., 7-29.L1914, 3 q\ 

Portuguese E. Africa: E. of Mt. Chipcrone, 2200 ft., 22.xi.1913 (S. A. Neave), 1 $; E. 
of Mt. Mlanje, 2<;oo ft., 9.X.1913 (S. A. Neave), 1 

Nodaria verticalis (Gaede M.S.) sp.n. (Figures 79, 124, 301-303) 
0*$ 25-27 mm. Antennae with one pair of bristles to each segment; bristles twice as long as 
diameter of shaft; male antenna ciliatc, cilia equal in length to diameter of shaft. Male fore tarsus 
one-third as long as tibia, which is dilate with a hair pencil. Vestiture bister. Fore wing bister, 
proximal third somewhat paler; transverse fasciae light buff; antemcdial acutely angled just 
posterior of costa, then arcuate to inner margin ; postmcdial bulged terminad in discal area, then 
sinuous to inner margin; subtcrminal direct from seven-eighths costa to tornus, except for a 
dentation terminad in discal area; large cell spot and termen intensely bister, the latter narrowly 
with light buff, intcrneural dots; cilia paler than ground colour, very slenderly light buff proxi- 
mally. Hind wing fuscous; postmedial and subterminal fasciae ill-defmed, the latter pale-edged 
distally and obtusely angled in submedial fold; cilia as on fore wing. 
Genitalia as illustrated. 

Differs from other African species of the genus in the non-dilate male antennae, in wing 
pattern and genitalia. 

fernando po: (Rev.J. Nicholls), 1 q\ 1 $• 

gold coast: Western Province, under 100 ft., iii.1928 (P. Hyatt), 1 Kumasi (J. D. G.j 
Sanders), 1 $; Bibianaha, 23.x-2.xi.1911 (H. G. F. Spurrell), 1 $. 
Nigeria : Old Calabar (S. D. Crompton), 1 $. 
cameroons : Bitje, Ja River, 2000 ft., x-xi.1912, 1 $. 

UGANDA: Semliki Forest, 2850 ft., 22.viii-3.ix.1952 (Fletcher), holotype and allotype $: 
Bundibugyo, 3440 ft., 22.viii-3.ix. 1952 (Fletcher), 1 (J. 

Hydrillodes uliginosalis Guenee 
Hydrillodes uliginosalis Guenee, 1854, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gen. Lep., 8:66. 
Olybama thelephusalis Walker, 1858, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 16:211. 
Gizama cleobisalis Walker, 1858, torn, cit., p. 249. 

UGANDA: Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $. 

KENYA : Aberdare Range, Katamayo (Edwards), 1 q*- 

Distribution: Cameroons; Kivu; Nyasaland; Transvaal; Natal; Cape Province. 



Noctuidae 



249 



Ableptina delospila A. E. Prout (?) subsp. 
Ableptitm delospila A. E. Prout, 1927, Trans, ent. Soc. Lond., 75:227. 
ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $. 
Uganda : Seinliki Forest, 2850 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $. 
Distribution: Sao Thome. 

The genitalia of the Uganda specimens differ from those of the type from Sao Thome in the 
weaker ornamentation of the bursa copulatrix. 

Ableptina sp. 

Uganda : Bundibugyo, 3440 ft., 22.viii-3.ix.1952 (Fletcher), 1 genitalia preparation Noc- 
tuidae Number 2673. 

Ableptina nephelopera (Hampson) 
Bleptina nephelopera Hampson, 1909, Trans, zool. Soc. Lond., 19 (2): 115, Plate 4:26. 

ruwenzori : Namwamba Vallev, 6500 ft. (Jackson), 1 Mahoma River, 6700 ft. (Fletcher), 

id*- 

Distribution : Ruwenzori. 

Hipoepa fractalis pusilla (Butler) comb.n. 
Gonitis pusilla Butler, 1875, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 16:405. 
ruwenzori : Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 J. 
Distribution: Kenya; Nyasaland; Natal. 

African male specimens so far examined differ from typical fractalis Guenee (1854) from the 
Oriental region in having two stout cornuri on the vesica; in fractalis only one such cornutus is 
present. 

Progonia aenicta sp.n. (Figures 129, 130, 313) 

Nodaria Inctuosa Hampson Aurivillius nec Hampson, 1910, in Sjostedt, Wiss. Ergeb. Kihmandjaro- 
Meru Expedn. 1905-6, 9:37. 

Similar in size, colour and pattern to P. Inctuosa (Hampson, 1902), but differing in the genitalia 
of both sexes. 

Male. Uncus, saccus and dorsal margin of valve as in Inctuosa. Ventral margin folded and 
sclerotized as far as base of digitate, medial process ; apical margin of fold truncate and very 
shallowly serrate. In Inctuosa (Figure 127) the fold extends to two-thirds of the length of the 
digitate process and the apical edge is more deeply serrate. In Inctuosa (Figure 3 14) the vesica bears 
a cluster of six long and several short spines; the longer spines are one-half as long as the aedeagus. 
In aenicta the spines are all short. 

Female. The differences between the ductus bursae and bursa copulatrix of each species are as 
illustrated (Figures 128, 129). 



250 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

ruwenzori: Kilembe, 4500 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edwards), 5 1 $, including holotype and 
allotype; Ibanda, 4700 ft., 4-12.ix.1952 (Fletcher), 1 <§. 

Uganda: Bundibugyo, 3440 ft., 22.viii-3.ix. 1952 (Fletcher), 6 

Tanganyika: Kilimandjaro, 24.iv (Sjdstedt), 1 

This and the following three species are provisionally referred to Progenia, but may require 
one or more separate genera, when more is known of the Hypeninae. 

Progonia perarcuata (Hampson) 
Naarda perarcuata Hampson, 1902, Ann. S. Afr. Mus., 2:437. 
ruwenzori: Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 2 q\ 
Distribution: Kenya; Natal; Cape Province. 

Progonia sp. 

ruwenzori : Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft., xii. 1934-4.1935 (Edwards), 1 genitalia 
preparation Noctuidae Number 2820. 

Progonia sp. 

ruwenzori : Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft., xii. 1934-^193 5 (Edwards), 1 §, genitalia 
preparation Noctuidae Number 2821. 

Tosacantha gcn.n. 

Antennae ciliate with one pair of bristles to each segment; bristles twice as long as diameter of 
shaft; male cilia dense and equal in length to, female cilia sparse and subequal in length to diameter 
of shaft. Third palpal segment slender and tapered; in male three-fourths as long as, in female 
three-fifths as long as second segment, which is four times as long as diameter of eye. Male fore 
tibia without specialized tufts. Neuration as illustrated. 

Male genitalia. Uncus curved through 90 at one-fourth, then slightly broadened; apex acutely 
tapered to fine point. Saccus produced and narrowly rounded. Scaphium wholly membranous. 
Juxta semi-cylindrical and weakly sclerotized. Valve bifurcate, dorsal arm membranous, ventral 
arm tapered and sclerotized ; ventral margin of valve bulged, as illustrated, at one-fourth. Aedeagus 
rather longer than whole genitalia; vesica heavily spined. Eighth sternum simple. 

Female genitalia. Ductus bursae membranous, minutely scobinate in anterior half and almost 
equal in length to longer diameter of bursa copulatrix, winch is ovate and instrate with ductus 
seminalis at anterior extremity. 

Provisionally placed near Progonia, from which it differs in the presence of an areole in the fore 
wing and in the genitalia of both sexes. 

The gender of the generic name is feminine. 

Type species: Tosacantha atmocyma sp.n. 

Tosacantha atmocyma sp.n. (Figures 81, 116, 304, 307, 308) 

0*$ 20-23 mm - Vestiture pale pinkish buff densely irrorate with bister. Fore wing, including cilia, 
pale pinkish buff to pinkish buff irrorate with bister, densely in terminal fourth; ante- and post-! 
medial fasciae slender and bister; medial fascia broad, ill-defined and bister; subterminal fascia 



Noctuidae 251 

pinkish buff heavily shaded with bister, both proximally and distally; reniform and orbicular 
spots pinkish ringed with bister; termen slenderly and brokenly fuscous-black. Hind wing pale 
pinkish buff to pinkish buff irrorate with bister, densely in terminal fourth; postmedial and 
subterminal fasciae similar to those of fore wing, but marked only on posteror half of wing. 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft., xii. 1934.-i.193 5 (Edwards), 2 including holotype, and allo- 
type $; Ibanda, 4700 ft., 20-21.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 ibid., 4-12.ix.1952, 1 q*. 

kenya: Nairobi (Edwards), 1 Muthambi, 12x1899 (R. Crawshay), 1 Kiberas, 2.xi 
(C. S. Betton), 1 $. 

Portuguese E. Africa: E. of Mt. Chiperone, 2200 ft., 24-25.xi.1913 (S. A. Neave), 2 q\ 

m 

nyasaland : Mt. Mlanje, io.v.1913 (S. A. Neave), 1 $. 

Naarda sp. 

ruwenzori: Kilembe, 4500 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edwards), 1 genitalia preparation Noc- 
tuidae Number 2920. 

Naarda sp. 

Uganda: Bundibugyo, 3440 ft., 22.viii-3.ix. 1952 (Fletcher), 2 genitalia preparation Noc- 
uidae Number 2922. 

Naarda clitodes sp.n. (Figures 83, 310-312) 

J$ 17-5-18-5 mm. Male antenna ciliate; cilia equal in length to diameter of shaft. Vestiture drab 
drab grey. Each wing drab to drab grey; ante- and postmedial fasciae darker, hair brown; 
ubterminal fascia tilleul buff; termen slenderly hair brown, interrupted at veins; cilia slenderly 
illeul buff proximally, drab to drab grey distally; on fore wing reniform and orbicular spots 
traw yellow, the former irrorate with black. Due to the down-curving of the tips of many of 
he scales, the wings have a glossy appearance. 

Male genitalia. Valves asymmetrical, as illustrated. Aedeagus slender; apex sclerotized and 
ounded; apical third serrate at one side. 

Female genitalia as illustrated. 

The male genitalia differ from those of typical Naarda pattern in the strong sclerotization, 
evelopment and asymmetry of the valves; the female genitalia, however, vary little from the 
sual Naarda pattern. 

Uganda: Semliki Valley, 2850 ft., 22.viii-3.ix.1952 (Fletcher), 2 1 

Naarda fuliginaria (B.-Baker) 
letasada fuliginaria B.-Baker, 191 1, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 8:522. 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft. (Edwards), 1 <$\ Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher), 1 Bwamba Pass 
Vest side), 5500-7500 ft. (Edwards), 2 J. 

Uganda: Fort Portal, 5000 ft. (Edwards), 1 

Distribution: Angola; Uganda. 



252 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

Naarda sp. 

Uganda : Fort Portal, 5000 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 [Edwards), 1 genitalia preparation Noctuidae 
Number 2946. 

Closely related to the preceding species; transverse fasciae irrorate with pale vinaceous drab; 
ventral process on right valve very slender and longer than valve. 

Gynaephila nigripalpis (Hampson) comb.n. 
Naarda nigripalpis Hampson, 1916, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1916:139, Plate 2:5. 
ruwenzori : Bugoye, 4500 ft. (Fletcher), 1 Ibanda, 4700 ft. (Fletcher)., 2 J. 
Uganda : Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. (Fletcher), 1 $; Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 4 o*- 
Distribution : Somaliland. 

Gynaephila sp. 

Uganda: Semliki Forest, 2850 ft., 22.viii-3.ix.1952 (Fletcher), 1 9, genitalia preparation 
Noctuidae Number 2921. 

Kenya : Nairobi (Edwards), 1 genitalia preparation Noctuidae Number 2814. 

Gynaephila icterica sp.n. (Figures 82, 315, 316) 

o* 18-19-5 mm. Antenna with a pair of bristles to each segment and ciliate; bristles five times, 
cilia twice as long as diameter of shaft. Vcstiturc tilleul buff densely irrorate with drab. Fore and 
hind wings drab irrorate with snuff brown and bister; ante- and postmedial fasciae bister; post- 
medial fascia on fore wing edged distally with light buff in anterior half; subterminal fascia light 
buff, obsolescent on hind wing; reniform and orbicular spots on fore wing light buff to straw 
yellow; discoccllulars on hind wing bister; terminal interneural spots bister; cilia bister, pale 
proximally. 

Genitalia as illustrated. 

Differs from the other known African species of Gynaephila (nigripalpis (Hampson, 1916); 
melanomma (Hampson, 1902) comb.n. ; xanthopis (Hampson, 1902) comb.n.) in size, colour and 
genitalia. 

ruwenzori : Kilembe, 4500 ft., xii. 1934-L193 5 (Edwards), 3 Ibanda, 4700 ft., 4-12.ix.1952 
(Fletcher), 3 including holotype. 

Gynaephila sp. 

ruwenzori: Bwamba Pass (West side), 5500-7500 ft., xii.1934-i.1935 (Edwards), 1 o*> 
genitalia preparation Noctuidae Number 2937. 

Closely related to G. melanomma (Hampson, 1902). 

Schrankia solitaria sp.n. (Figures 85, 321, 324) 

O* 1 7' 5 mm. Antenna ciliate; cilia twice as long as diameter of shaft. Vestiture tilleul buff irrorate 
with light drab. Fore wing light drab irrorate with drab, except on a broad diagonal band distad 
of and parallel to postmedial fascia ; medial area almost triangular in shape and irrorate with 1 



Noctuidae 253 

fuscous, strongly in distal half of discal fold; proximal margin of medial area from one-third 
costa to one-half inner margin and acutely distad in submedial fold; distal margin of medial area 
from one-sixth costa to one-half inner margin; four tilleul buff spots are situate along costa in 
distal half of medial area and two broader marks of same colour along costa in proximal half of 
same; distal margin of medial area irrorate with straw yellow; some straw yellow irroration at 
one-half subcostal fold. Hind wing uniformly hair brown. 

Genitalia. Uncus long, slender and tapered. Valve and aedeagus as illustrated. 

The only species of Schrankia so far known from the Ethiopian region. Related to S. taenialis 
(Hiibner), differing in the uniformly dark hind wing and in the shape of the valve. 

ruwenzori : Mahoma River, 6700 ft., 13-16.viii.1952 (Fletcher), holotype 

Hypenodes haploa sp.n. (Figures 87, 117, 317, 318) 

0*$ 16-17 rnm. Male antenna minutely ciliate. Posterior half of abdomen drab; remainder of 
vestiture pinkish buff to cinnamon buff, palpus and thorax irrorate with fuscous. Fore wing 
pinkish buff to cinnamon buff irrorate with fuscous, especially costad and terminad; ground 
colour more cinnamon-coloured in female; antemedial fascia, marked by black, interneural 
spots, acutely angled terminad in submedial fold; postmedial fascia similarly marked, but inclined 
proximad between veins M 3 and inner margin ; distal fourth of discal area black edged distally 
with white and followed by a black spot between veins M 2 and M 3 ; subterminal ill-defined as a 
pale fascia in dark irroration of terminal fourth of wing ; terminal interneural spots black. Hind 
wing tilleul buff lightly and evenly irrorate with vinaceous buff. 

Male genitalia. Uncus simple and tapered. Valve simple and slender, apex narrowly rounded. 
Aedeagus equal in length to valve, but rather broader; vesica scobinate as illustrated. 

Female genitalia as illustrated. 

Differs from the palaearctic Hypenodes turfosalis (Wocke, 1850) in its larger size and broader 
wings, in the loss of the digitate process at the base of the dorsal margin of the valve in the male 
genitalia and in the sclerotized operculum, the long, slender ductus bursae and the ornamentation 
of the bursa copulatrix in the female genitalia. 

ruwenzori : Mahoma Paver, 6700 ft., 13-16.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 5 2 $, including holotype 
and allotype; Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 5 J. 

Hypenodes prionodes sp.n. (Figures 86, 319) 

o* 14-16 mm.; $ 17-5-18 mm. Male antemia minutely ciliate. Abdomen light buff, posterior half 
densely irrorate with drab; remainder of vestiture light buff irrorate with bister to fuscous black. 
Fore wing light buff irrorate with tawny, especially along veins, and bister to fuscous black, ante- 
and postmedial fasciae slender and bister to fuscous black, the former acutely angled distad in 
submedial fold and edged proximally, the latter edged distally with clear, light buff; medial 
area with triangular patch of bister to fuscous black, as illustrated; a similarly coloured spot at 
posterior distal corner of cell; subterminal fascia light buff edged proximally with a band of 
dense bister to fuscous-black irroration and distally with similar irroration between the veins; 
terminal interneural spots fuscous black, pale-edged proximally; cilia tawny irrorate with 
fuscous black at vein-ends. Hind wing, including cilia, light buff lightly irrorate with drab in 
distal half; discal spot, postmedial and subterminal fasciae drab, faintly defined; termen 
slenderly drab. 



254 Rtiwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 

Male genitalia differ from those of the preceding species in the ornamentation of the vesica, as 
illustrated. 

Female genitalia. Ductus bursae sclerotized as illustrated; bursa copulatrix shaped as illustrated, 
posterior half partially sclerotized, anterior half with long, scobinate signum. 

In addition to the differences in the genitalia, the more elongate fore wing with its more acute 
apex and its pattern, especially the dark, triangular patch in the medial area and the absence of 
dotted transverse fasciae, distinguish the species from H. kapha with which it flies. 

ruwenzori : Mahoma River, 6700 ft., 13-16.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 13 q*, 4$, including holotype 
and allotype. 

Luceria emarginata sp.n. (Figures 84, 322, 325) 

18-19 mm. Antenna ciliate; cilia two and one-half times as long as diameter of shaft. Abdomen 
light buff irrorate with drab ; remainder of vestiture a very pale, light russet vinaceous irrorate 
with black. Fore wing a very pale, light russet vinaceous irrorate with black, densely proximad 
of postmedial fascia, especially in discal and submedial folds, and distad of antemedial fascia in 
submedial fold; costa irrorate with straw yellow; antemedial fascia acutely angled in submedial 
fold; postmedial fascia from one-fourth costa to one-third inner margin, bowed proximad in 
submedial fold; both fasciae straw yellow; terminal interneural spots black. Hind wing, excised 
between veins Mi and M 3 , light buff lightly irrorate with drab at termen. 

Genitalia. Uncus wanting. Scaphium sclerotized. Valve and aedeagus as illustrated. 

A striking and beautiful species quite distinct in the genus on colour and pattern, as well as 
genitalia. 

ruwenzori: Mahoma Paver, 6700 ft., 13-16.viii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 Nyinabitaba, 8650 ft., 
7-13.vii.1952 (Fletcher), holotype 

Luceria oculalis africana subsp.n. 

Differs from L. 0. oculalis (Moore, 1887) in the male genitalia. In the nominate subspecies the 
cornutus is very slender and scobinate, four-ninths as long as the aedeagus. In subspecies africana 
it is semicircular with the curved edge serrate, one-eighth as long as the aedeagus. 

gold coast : Bibianaha, xi.1911 (H. G. F. Spurrell), 1 <§; ibid., 700 ft., vi.1912, holotype o*5 
Accra, 1 q*. 

s. Nigeria : Ibadan, 3.XL1913 (Dr. W. A. Lamborn), 1 $. 
ruwenzori: Ibanda, 4700 ft., 4-6.vii.1952 (Fletcher), 1 

Luceria pamphaea sp.n. (Figures 88, 320, 323) 

O* 15 mm. Antenna ciliate; cilia twice as long as diameter of shaft. Vestiture light buff densely 
irrorate with fuscous. Fore wing light buff densely irrorate with bister and fuscous ; apex, including 
cilia, light buff; three equidistant light buff spots in distal third of costa; postmedial fascia light 
buff, extending from middle of vein Re, to five-ninths inner margin; distal third of discal area 
fuscous black; terminal interneural spots fuscous black; cilia chequered light buff and fuscous 
black. Hind wing: proximal half of costa white; remainder of wing densely irrorate with fuscous.! 
Genitalia. Uncus wanting. Scaphium sclerotized. Valve and aedeagus as illustrated. 



Noctuidae 255 

Differs from other African species of Luccria in its very dark colour and in the structure of the 
genitalia. 

Uganda : Semliki Forest, 2850 ft., 22.viii-3.ix. 1952 (Fletcher), holotype 

Micreremites sp. 

ruwenzori: Nyamgasani Valley (Buxton), 1 (J, without abdomen. 

Tetracme truncataria (Walker) (?) subsp. 
Erosia truncataria Walker, 1861, List Lep. Ins. B.M., 23:847. 

Uganda: Semliki Forest, 2850 ft. (Fletcher), 1 Bundibugyo, 3440 ft. (Fletcher), 2 1 
Distribution: Natal; Cape Province. 

The Uganda specimens differ from typical truncataria in lacking the cinnamon irroration on the 
underside of both wings and in the white-margined, triangular area at five-sixths costa on the 
upperside of the fore wing. They differ slightly also in the shape of the valve and aedeagus in 
the male genitalia and in the unadorned, membranous bursa copulatrix in the female genitalia. 
In typical truncataria the bursa copulatrix is weakly instrate. 



Noctuidae 




1. Axylia intimima sp.n. holotype $ (x 2) 5. Axylia edwardsi sp.n. paratype $ (x 2) 

2. Axylia posterioducta sp.n. paratype <J (x 2) 6. Axylia helophora sp.n. paratype (J(X2 

3. Axylia posterioducta sp.n. paratype $ (x 2) 7. Psectraxylia boursini sp.n. paratype o ( 

4. Axylia sciodes sp.n. paratype <? (x 2) 8. Amazonides ascia sp.n. holotype <J (x ; 



Rmvenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 




Noctuidae 



259 




FIG. 

14. Apospasta kennedyi sp.n. paratype $ (x 2) 

15. Apospasta jacksoni sp.n. paratype q (x 2) 

16. Apospasta townsendi sp.n. allotype $ (x 2) 

17. Apospasta rliodiua sp.n. par.uvpc 3 (x 2) 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 




FIG. 

18. Elaeodes mochlosema sp.n. paratype $ (x 2) 

19. Elaeodes callichbra sp.n. paratype $ (x 2) 

20. Elaeodes panconita sp.n. paratype $ (x 2) 
-, , PUenJix: hrvndp< sn.n. naratvoc (x 2) 



23. Mythimna aenictopa sp.n. paratype § (x 2) 

24. Vietteania catadela sp.n. holotypc $ ( X 2 ) 

25. Callopistria dascia sp.n. paratype ^ (x 2) 

26. Homonacna alpmsta sp.n. paratype <J (x 2) 



Noctuidae 



261 




Ruwenzori Expedition; 1952. Volume I , Number 7 




FIG. 

33. Prccus amhiguella sp.n. holotype fj? (x 2) 

34. Procus suhambigua sp.n. holotype $ (x 2) 

35. Procus tripunctata sp.n. holotype q (x 2) 

36. Paradrina signa sp.n. paratype q (x 2) 

37. Hygrostola homomunda sp.n. allotype $ (X2) 



FIG. 

38. Ethiopicii acrothecta sp.n. paratype <J (x 2) 

39. Ethiopica glaucochroa sp.n. holotype $ (x2 

40. Sesamia plagiogrdpha sp.n. paratype ^(X2 
4T. Sesamia sciagrapha sp.n. holotype (x 2) 



Noctnidae 




vie. 

42. Sciomcsa piscator sp.n. holotype q (x:) 

43. Sesamia mesosticha sp.n. holotype ^ (x 2) 

44. Sciomesa argocyma sp.n. holotype 3* (x 2) 

45. Sciomcsa venata sp.n. holotype ^ (x 2) 

46. Manga bclophora sp.n. holotype 3\' x 2) 



FIG. 

47. Corgatha odontota sp.n. holotype ^ (x 2) 

48. Sciomcsa nyei sp.n. holotype ,3 (x:) 

49. Sciomcsa cyclophora sp.n. par.itype (J (x 2) 

50. Cerynea nigropuncfa sp.n. paratype ^( x 2) 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952 Volume I, Number 7 



(MM*. 

WBBmmm^ 



10 




CM 

in 




in 



1 



(0 

in 





CJ 



CO 

in 




in 

m 



FIG. 



51. Pardasena atmocyma sp.n. paratype ? (x 2) 

52. Pardasena atmocyma sp.n. allotype $ (x 2) 

53. TigeMd sfee/eae sp.n. holotype c? (x 2) 

54. Eublemma dyscapna sp.n. holotype <J (x 2) 



FIG 



55. Rivw/a catadela sp.n. paratype ^ (x 2) 

56. Maxert! lathy scia sp.n. holotype ^ (x 2) 

57. Rivula catadela sp.n. holotype $ (x 2) 



Noctuidae 




CO O CM 




FIG. , FIG. 

58. Marcipa holmi sp.11. holotype $ (x 2) 61. Hypena phricocyma sp.n. paratype <^ (x 

59. Paralephana westi sp.n. holotype (x 2) 62. Hypena phricocyma sp.n. allotype $(X2 

60. Carycuopcra pyrrholopha sp.n. holotype (x 2) 63. Hypena euprepcs sp.n. holotype ^ (x 2) 



266 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 




FIG. 

64. Hypena aridoxa sp.n. holotypc q (x 2) 

65. Hypena aridoxa sp.n. allotype ?(x:) 

66. Hypena scotina sp.n. holotype (J (x 2) 

67. Hypena scotina sp.n. allotype V (x 2) 



Noctuidae 



267 




FIG. FIG. 

68. Hypcua albirhomboidea A. E. Pront ? ( X 2) 72. Hypena erastrialis W.ilkcr o ( x -) 

69. Hypena chionosticha sp.n. holotype ^ (x 2) 73. Hypena porphyrophaes sp.n. holotype 3 1 (x 2) 

70. Hypena directa sp.n. paratype (x 2) 74. Hypcua biangulata sp.n. V (x 2) 

71. Hypcua antimima sp.n. paratype J ( x :) 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1932. Volume I, Number 7 




FIG. 



75. Hypctia prionodes sp.n. allotype $ (x 2) 

76. Hypcna prionodes sp.n. paratype <$ (x 2) 

77. Hypcna eucrossa sp.n. holotype § (x 2) 

78. Hypcna albizona sp.n. holotype <J (x 2) 



FIG. 



79. Nodaria vertiedlis sp.n. paratype $ (x 2) 

80. Britiia brithodes sp.n. paratype <J (x 2) 

81. Tosacantha atmocyina sp.n. paratype § (x 



Noctuidae 



269 



82 




84 



85 















86 


87 


88 



^^^^ 



FIG. 



FIG. 



82. Gynacpliild icterica sp.n. holotype ^ (x 2) 

83. Naarda clitodes sp.n. holotype ^ (x 2) 

84. Luceria emarginala sp.n. holotype (x 2) 

85. Schrankia solkaria sp.n. holotype ^ (x 2) 

86. Hypenodcs prioiwdes sp.n. paratype ^ (x 2) 



87. Hypenodcs liaploa sp.n. paratype (x 2) 

88. Luceria pamphaea sp.n. holotype ^ (x 2) 

89. Westermannia immaculata sp.n. holotype ^ (x 

90. Holocryptis neavei sp.n. paratype ^ (x 2) 



-7° Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 




fic . 

91. Euxootera cyclophora sp.n. J genitalia (x 23) 

92. Euxootera cyclophora sp.n. $ genitalia (x 14) 

93. Euxootera cyclops sp.n. ^ genitalia (x t6) 



Noctuidae 



271 





FIG. 

94. Tycomarptes interior Guencc o genitalia (x i s) 

95. Euchdodes oeneus Fawcett j genitalia (x 24) 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume 1, Number 7 




FIG. 

96. Omphalestra submedianata Hampson q genitalia (x 13) 

97. Omphalestra stibmedianata Hampson $ genitalia (x 10) 

98. Tycomarptes inferior Guenee $ genitalia (x 10) 



Noctuidae 



373 




i 



FIG. 

99. Dicerogastra proleuca Hampson genitalia (x 16) 

100. Tegena steeleae sp.n. $ genitalia (x 18) 

101. Dicerogastra proleuca Hampson 9 genitalia (xio) 



274 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume 1, Number 7 




104 



FIG. 

102. Westermannia immaculata sp.n. genitalia (x 27) 

103. Westermannia immaculata sp.n. aedeagus (x 27) 

104. Tegena steeleac sp.n. $ genitalia (x 20) 



Noctuida'e 



27$ 





FIG. 

109. Hypena scotina sp.n. <$ genitalia (x 47) 
no. Hypena phricocytna sp.n. <$ genitalia (x 40) 



Noctnidae 



277 




I 



FIG. 

in. Hypena chionosticha sp.n. $ genitalia (x 39) 

112. Hypena phricocyma sp.n. $ genitalia (x 18) 

113. Hypena chionosticha sp.n. $ genitalia (x 18) 

114. Hypena albirhomboidea A. E. Prout 2 genitalia (x 13) 



278 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 




FIG. 

115. Hypena porphyrophaes sp.n. $ genitalia (x 52) 

1 16. Tosacaniha atmocyma sp.n. § genitalia (x 23) 
] 17. Hypenodes liaploa sp.n. $ genitalia (x 27) 
ri8. Hypena prionodes sp.n. $ genitalia (x 28) 




FIG. 

t iy. Hypena antimima sp.n. $ genitalia (x 25) 

120. Hypena antimima sp.n. § genitalia (x 25) 

121. Hypena erastrialis Walker $ genitalia (x 28) 

122. Hypena crqstrialis Walker $ genitalia (x 25) 



280 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 




FIG. 

123. Nodaria nodosalis H.Sch. £ genitalia (x 28) 

124. Nodaria verticalis sp.n. 9 genitalia (x 15) 

125. Nodaria nodosalis H.Sch. $ genitalia (x 15) 

126. Nodaria lophobela sp.n. 9 genitalia (x 14) 



Noctuidae 




FIG. 

127. Progonia luctuosa Hampson $ genitalia (x 37) 

128. Progonia luctuosa Hampson $ genitalia (x 24) 

129. Progonia aenicta sp.n. $ genitalia (x 21) 

130. Progonia aenicta sp.n. <$ genitalia (x 34) 



282 Ruweuzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 




134 



F I G . 

131. Ochropleura spinosa sp.n. $ genitalia (x 25) 

132. Amazonides putrefacta Guenee § genitalia (x 11) 

133. Amazonides putrefacta Guenee $ 8th sternum 

(XII) 

134. Amazonides putrefacta Guenee right valve (x 11) 




FIG. 

135. Axylia belophora sp.n. 2 genitalia (x 25) 

136. Axylia edwardsi sp.n. v genitalia (x 25) 

137. Axylia sciodes sp.n. $ genitalia (x 25) 



284 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 




FIG. 

138. Amazonides ascia sp.n. left valve (x 35) 

139. Axylia edwardsi sp.n. left valve (x 35) 

140. Axylia sciodes sp.n. left valve (x 35) 

141. Axylia posterioducta sp.n. left valve (x 35) 

142. Axylia behphora sp.n. left valve (x 35) 



Noctuidae 



285 




286 



Ruweiizori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 





154 



FIG. 

151. Psectraxylia boursini sp.n. J genitalia (x 35) 

152. Euxootera cydops sp.n. left valve (x 30) 

153. Euxootera cydops sp.n. aedeagus (x 30) 

154. Euxootera cydops sp.n. £ genitalia (x 35) 



288 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 




289 




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3 



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u 
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o 


o 


o 




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290 Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 




FIG. 

161. Elaeodes mochlosema sp.n. left valve (x 35) 

162. Elaeodes calHchlora sp.n. left valve (x 35) 

163. Elaeodes panconita sp.n. left valve (x 35) 

164. Elaeodes mochlosema sp.n. aedeagus (x 35) 

165. Elaeodes callichlora sp.n. aedeagus (x 35) 

166. Elaeodes panconita sp.n. aedeagus (x 35) 



Noctiiidae 



291 




<o x 



3 



d d 



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m is 

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u y c 
~ 1 d 
*■ a . S 
^ S< S, 

-a H 



.Ju ,Su .^J 



-S -S -S 

uj m ei 



292 Riweiizori Expedition, ig$2. Volume I, Number 7 




FIG. 

172. Elaeodes rufifusa Hampson left valve (x 35) 

173. Elaeodes rufifusa Hampson aedeagus (x 35) 

174. Dicerogastra proleuca Hampson aedeagus (x 35) 

175. Tycoinarptes inferior Guenee aedeagus (x 25) 

176. Eucladodes oeneus Fawcett aedeagus (x 30) 

177. Ompliakstra submedianata Hampson aedeagus (x 25) 



Noctuidae 



293 




FIG. FIG. 

178. Apospasta d. dipterigidia Hampson operculum 181. Apospasta dipterigidia fuhida subsp.n. aedeagus 

(X20) (X20) 

179- Apospasta dipterigidia fuhida subsp.n. operculum 182. Apospasta jacksoni sp.n. aedeagus (x 20) 

(X20) 183. Apospasta jacksoni sp.n. left valve (x 20) 

180. Apospasta d. dipterigidia Hampson aedeagus 

(x 20) 



294 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1932. Volume I, Number 7 




FIG. 

184. Apospasta synclera sp.n. left valve (x 20) 

185. Apospasta ketmedyi sp.n. left valve (x 20) 

186. Apospasta kemiedyi sp.n. $ genitalia (x 20) 

187. Apospasta synclera sp.n. aedeagus (x 20) 

188. Apospasta kemiedyi sp.n. aedeagus (x 20) 



Noctuidae 



295 




FIG. 

189. Apospasta aethalopa sp.n. left valve (x 20) 

190. Apospasta aethalopa sp.n. aedeagus (x 20) 

191. Apospasta townsendi sp.n. aedeagus (x 20) 

192. Apospasta townsendi sp.n. $ genitalia (x 20) 

193. Apospasta townsendi sp.n. left valve (x 20) 



296 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 




FIG. 

194. Mythimna aenictopa sp.n. left valve (x 35) 

195. Mythimna aenictopa sp.n. aedeagus (x 35) 

196. Mythimna aenictopa sp.n. $ genitalia (x 20) 



Noctuidae 



297 




FIG. 

197. Vietteania catadela sp.n. left valve (x 35) 

198. Vietteania catadela sp.n. aedeagus (x 35) 

199. Homonacna alpnista sp.n. aedeagus (x 20) 

200. Homonacna alpnista sp.n. $ genitalia (x 20) 




FIG. 

201. Eutamsia indistatis Guenee $ genitalia (x 20) 

202. Homonacna alpnista sp.n. § genitalia (x 15) 



Noctuidae 



299 




300 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 




FIG. 

207. Procus pacliydetis sp.n. left valve (x 30) 

208. Procus ambiguella sp.n. $ genitalia (x 15) 

209. Procus suhambigua sp.n. $ genitalia (x 18) 

210. Procus pacliydetis sp.n. aedeagus (x 30) 



Noctuidae 




FIG. 

21 r. Procus decinerea sp.n. left valve (x 30) 

212. Procus agelasta sp.n. left valve (x 30) 

213. Procus tripimctata sp.n. left valve (x 30) 



FIG. 

214. Procus decinerea sp.n. aedeagus (x 30) 

215. Procus agelasta sp.n. aedeagus (x 30) 

216. Procus tripimctata sp.n. aedeagus (x 30) 



302 



Ruwenzori Expedition, ig$2. Volume I, Number 7 




FIG. 

217. Euplexia perhalles sp.n. aedeagus (x 30) 

218. Euplexia pericalles sp.n. $ genitalia (x 20) 

219. Appana furca sp.n. left valve (x 35) 

220. Callopistria dascia sp.n. aedeagus (x 45) 

221. Appana furca sp.n. juxta (x 35) 



Noctuidae 



303 




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a 



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2 2 



-Si "-^ 
Pi <3 

Si K 
1 I 



O N m v-\ 
hi M N M M 
B. N N M (S 



Noctuidae 



307 




FIG. 

236. Hygrostola homomunda sp.n. $ genitalia (x 15) 

237. Hygrostola homomunda sp.n. left valve (x 20) 

238. Hygrostola homomunda sp.n. aedeagus (x 20) 

239. Hygrostola homomunda sp.n. juxta (X20) 



308 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 




<M - — * 

X S 

3 o 

O flj 



d d 



£0 £c 



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d d 

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a g .0 .2 

s; s; t>5 co 

O O H c) co 

Bi rj N N N 



Noctuidae 



309 




246 



FIG. 

244. Sciomesa venata sp.n. left valve (x 50) 

245. Sciomesa venata sp.n. aedeagus (x 35) 

246. Sciomesa cyclophora sp.n. aedeagus (x 35) 

247. Sciomesa cyclophora sp.n. left valve (x 35) 



3io 



Rutvenzori Expedition, 1932. Volume 1, Number 7 




253 



PIG. 



FIG. 



248. Sciomesa piscator sp.n. left valve (x 40) 

249. Sciomesa piscator sp.n. juxta (x 40) 

250. Sciomesa piscator sp.n. aedeagus (x 40) 



251. Sciomesa argocyma sp.n. juxta (X40) 

252. Sciomesa argocyma sp.n. aedeagus (x 40) 

253. Sciomesa argocyma sp.n. right valve (x 40) 



Noctuidae 311 






257 



FIG. 

254. Sesamia mesosticha sp.n. 

255. Sesamia mesosticha sp.n. 

256. Sesamia mesosticha sp.n. 

257. Sesamia sciagrapha sp.n. 

258. Sesamia sciagrapha sp.n. 



left valve (x 45) 
aedeagus (x 45) 
$ genitalia (x 35) 
left valve (x 35) 
aedeagus (x 35) 




FIG. 

259. Manga belophora sp.n. S genitalia (x 20) 

260. Manga belophora sp.n. aedeagus (X25) 

261. Sesamia plagiographa sp.n. left valve (x 45) 

262. Sesamia plagiographa sp.n. aedeagus (X45) 

263. Sesamia plagiographa sp.n. $ genitalia (x 20) 



Noctuidae 



313 




FIG. 

264. Acrapex syscia sp.n. left valve (x 50) 

265. Acrapex syscia sp.n. aedeagus (x 50) 

266. Holocryptis neavei sp.n. left valve (x 40) 

267. Holocryptis neavei sp.n. § genitalia (x 40) 

268. Holocryptis neavei sp.n. aedeagus (x 40) 



3H 



Rtiwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 





275 



FIG. 



FIG. 



269. Cerynea limbobrunnea sp.n. uncus (X40) 

270. Cerynea nigropuncta sp.n. genitalia (x 40) 

271. Cerynea nigropuncta sp.n. aedeagus (x 40) 

272. Cerynea thermesialis Walker uncus (x 40) 

273. Cerynea limbobrunnea sp.n. 9 genitalia (x 40) 



274. Pseudcraspedia prosticta ethiopica subsp.n. <$ gem- 
talia (X40) 

275. Pseudcraspedia prosticta ethiopica subsp.n. (x 40) 
aedeagus 



Noctuidae 



315 





FIG . 

280. Pardasena atmocyma sp.n. <J genitalia (x 35) 

281. Pardasena atmocyma sp.n. $ genitalia (x 15) 

282. Pardasena atmocyma sp.n. aedeagus (x 35) 

283. Tegena aprepta sp.n. aedeagus (x 40) 



Noctuidae 



317 




FIG. 

284. Rivula catadela sp.n. uncus (x 40) 

285. Rivula catadela sp.n. $ genitalia (X 35) 

286. Rivula catadela sp.n. aedeagus (x 40) 

287. Maxera bathyscia sp.n. aedeagus fx 4c) 



FIG. 

288. Maxera bathyscia sp.n. left valve (40) 

289. Marcipa holmi sp.n. aedeagus (x 24) 

290. Marcipa holmi sp.n. $ genitalia (x 24) 



3 i8 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 






296 



FIG. 

291. Britha brithodes sp.n. $ genitalia (x 30) 

292. Britha brithodes sp.n. uncus (x 40) 

293. Britha brithodes sp.n. aedeagus (x 40) 

294. Britha brithodes sp.n. left valve (x 40) 

295. Britha brithodes sp.n. apex of right valve (x 40) 

296. Tegena steeleae sp.n. aedeagus (x 55) 



Noctuidae 




FIG. 

297. Nodaria lopiwbela sp.n. right valve (x 35) 

298. Nodaria lopiwbela sp.n. apex of left valve (x 35) 

299. Nodaria lopiwbela sp.n. aedeagus (x 35) 

300. Nodaria nodosalis H.Sch. aedeagus (x 40) 

301. Nodaria verticalis sp.n. left valve (x 40) 

302. Nodaria verticalis sp.n. aedeagus (x 40) 

303. Nodaria verticalis sp.n. uncus (x 40) 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 




FIG. 

304. Tosaaintha atmocyma sp.n. neuration (x 6) 

305. Hypena prionodes sp.n. left valve (x 40) 

306. Hypena biangulata sp.n. left valve (x 40) 

307. Tosacantha atmocyma sp.n. $ genitalia (x 40) 

308. Tosacantha atmocyma sp.n. aedeagus (x 40) 

309. Hypena alhizona sp.n. left valve (x 40) 



Noctuidae 




FIG. 

310. Naarda clitodes sp.n. genitalia (x 40) 

311. Naarda clitodes sp.n. § genitalia (x 40) 

312. Naarda clitodes sp.n. aedeagus (x 40) 

313. Progonia aenicta sp.n. aedeagus (x 40) 

314. Progonia luctuosa Hampson aedeagus (X40) 



Ruwenzori Expedition, 1952. Volume I, Number 7 





FIG. 

315. Gynaephila icterica sp.n. $ genitalia (x 40) 

316. Gynaephila icterica sp.n. aedeagus (x 40) 

317. Hypenodes haploa sp.n. left valve (x 80) 

318. Hypenodes haploa sp.n. aedeagus (x 80) 

319. Hypenodes prionodes sp.n. aedeagus (x 80) 



Noctuidae 




FIG. 

320. Luceria pamphaea sp.n. left valve (x 40) 

321. Schrankia solitaria sp.n. left valve (x 40) 

322. Luceria etnarginata sp.n. left valve (x 80) 



FIG. 

323. Luceria pamphaea sp.n. aedeagus (x 40) 

324. Schrankia solitaria sp.n. aedeagus (x 40) 

325. Luceria emarginata sp.n. aedeagus (x 80) 



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rV.' 



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